Nukhayb

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Coordinates: 32°2′28″N 42°15′17″E / 32.04111°N 42.25472°E / 32.04111; 42.25472

An Nukhayb
النخيب
View of town from the roof of the school
View of town from the roof of the school
An Nukhayb is located in Iraq
An Nukhayb
An Nukhayb
Coordinates: 32°2′28″N 42°15′17″E / 32.04111°N 42.25472°E / 32.04111; 42.25472
Country  Iraq
Province Al-Anbar (formerly Karbala)

An Nukhayb (Arabic: النخيب‎, alt. Nukhaib, Nkheeb) is a town in Al-Anbar province in Iraq. Prior to the 1940s, the town fell within Kerbala Governorate.[1]

Nukhayb is located at the largest road junction in the region, with roads going south to the Saudi Arabian border, north to the Ramadi–Jordan highway, and northeast to Karbala. Nukhayb is the last Iraqi town before pilgrims cross into Saudi Arabia on their pilgrimage to Mecca. It has two satellite villages to the north, Habbariya (28 km) and Kesrah (51 km).[2]

History[edit]

During the British Mandate, John Bagot Glubb established a post at the well of Nukhayb to allow the Iraqi government to control its western deserts.[3]:342 Throughout 1929, sections of the Royal Air Force Armoured Cars served outpost duty in Nukhayb.[4]

In 2010, Qatari royal Khalifa bin Abdulla bin Hassan bin Ali al-Thani was killed in Nukhayb when his GMC hit a bump and rolled during a hunting trip.[5]

In September 2011, 22 Shia pilgrims en route from Damascus to Karbala were stopped at a fake checkpoint near Nukhayb, and then killed by gunmen.[6][7] In another false checkpoint attack, 14 Iraqi border guards were killed by militants in June 2013.[8]

Reports in summer of 2014 indicated that the Iraqi Army and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) clashed in the town, with government troops "fleeing" towards Karbala.[9] ISIS was reported as having taken control of the town in late June of that year;[10] the Iraqi government forces stated that they regained control of the town in late August of that year.[11]

Climate[edit]

A 2013 study of 22 Iraqi meteorological stations from 1980-2010 showed that Nukhayb had the lowest mean annual rainfall value at 87mm, in contrast with Sulaimaniya which registered 717mm.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fears of fresh outbreak of sectarian violence grip Iraq". The National.ae. 
  2. ^ Bajallat Markaz Buḥūth Al-Tārīkh Al-Ṭabīʻī. The Center. 1975. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Sir John Bagot Glubb (1960). War in the desert: an R. A. F. frontier campaign. Hodder and Stoughton. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "RAF Armoured Car Companies in Iraq, 1920-1945". RAFAC Iraq (pg 1929). Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Qatar royal killed in car crash in Iraq". Khaleej Times. 6 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "Criminals behind Nikhaib massacre confess in front of media". All Iraq News. 
  7. ^ "Iraqi police: Gunmen ambush Shiite pilgrims, killing 22". CNN. 12 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "14 Iraqi border police gunned down at fake checkpoint, 2 bodies burned". RT.com. June 5, 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  9. ^ "Iraq denies withdrawal of forces from Saudi border". BBC News. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  10. ^ Erdbrink, Thomas (26 June 2014). "In the Shadows of Shrines, Shiite Forces Are Preparing to Fight ISIS". New York Times. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  11. ^ al-Obaidi, Hassan (26 August 2014). "Iraqi forces drive ISIL from 3 Anbar cities". Al Shorfa. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  12. ^ AL - Rijabo, Waleed I.; Salih, Hanee M. (Nov–Dec 2013). "Spatial and Temporal Variation of Rainfall in IRAQ". IOSR Journal of Applied Physics (e - ISSN: 2278 - 4861. Volume 5 , Issue 4). 

Further reading[edit]