View of town from the roof of the school
|Province||Al-Anbar (formerly Karbala)|
Nukhayb is located at the largest road junction in the region, with roads going south to the Saudi Arabian border, north to the Ramadi–Jordan highway, and northeast to Karbala. Nukhayb is the last Iraqi town before pilgrims cross into Saudi Arabia on their pilgrimage to Mecca. It has two satellite villages to the north, Habbariya (28 km) and Kesrah (51 km).
During the British Mandate, John Bagot Glubb established a post at the well of Nukhayb to allow the Iraqi government to control its western deserts.:342 Throughout 1929, sections of the Royal Air Force Armoured Cars served outpost duty in Nukhayb.
In 2010, Qatari royal Khalifa bin Abdulla bin Hassan bin Ali al-Thani was killed in Nukhayb when his GMC hit a bump and rolled during a hunting trip.
In September 2011, 22 Shia pilgrims en route from Damascus to Karbala were stopped at a fake checkpoint near Nukhayb, and then killed by gunmen. In another false checkpoint attack, 14 Iraqi border guards were killed by militants in June 2013.
Reports in summer of 2014 indicated that the Iraqi Army and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) clashed in the town, with government troops "fleeing" towards Karbala. ISIS was reported as having taken control of the town in late June of that year; the Iraqi government forces stated that they regained control of the town in late August of that year.
A 2013 study of 22 Iraqi meteorological stations from 1980-2010 showed that Nukhayb had the lowest mean annual rainfall value at 87mm, in contrast with Sulaimaniya which registered 717mm.
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