Numa Edward Hartog
Numa Edward Hartog (May 20, 1846 – June 19, 1871) was a Jewish British mathematician who attracted attention in 1869 for graduating from Cambridge University as Senior Wrangler and Smith's Prizeman but as a Jew had not been admitted to a fellowship. Hartog's case led to the passage of the Universities Tests Act of 1871, which removed religious barriers to holding fellowships at Oxford and Cambridge.
In his earlier academic career, he attended University College School in London, and then University College London. At Cambridge, he attended Trinity College. He was a trailblazing figure in overcoming religious obstacles to academic achievement in the UK. For example, when his B.A. was awarded, the words In nomine Patris et Filii et Spiritus Sancti were omitted. However, he was unable to accept a fellowship due to being unable to subscribe to the required test on account of his religion.
Within weeks, Solicitor-General John Coleridge of the Gladstone government introduced legislation to rectify the situation. The House of Lords twice rejected bills passed by the House of Commons before finally accepting the Universities Tests Act of 1871; Hartog's testimony before the Lords helped secure its passage.
He was a member of the Council of Jews' College and an Honorary Secretary of the Society of Hebrew Literature.
- Geoffrey Cantor (2005). Quakers, Jews, and Science: Religious Responses to Modernity and the Sciences in Britain, 1650–1900 (PDF). Oxford University Press. pp. 85–87. ISBN 0-19-927668-4. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "Talbot Correspondence Project: GILCHRIST-CLARK Matilda Caroline, née Talbot to TALBOT William Henry Fox". dmu.ac.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- Joseph Jacobs; Goodman Lipkind (1901–1906). "HARTOG, NUMA EDWARD". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- Henry Samuel Morais (1880). Eminent Israelites of the nineteenth century: A series of biographical sketches. Philadelphia: Edward Stern & Co. pp. 119–122. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "Hartog, Numa Edward (HRTG865NE)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.