Estimated number of guns per capita by country

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Map of civilian guns per capita by country from the Small Arms Survey 2007.[1]

This is a list of countries by estimated guns per capita (number of privately owned small firearms divided by number of residents).[1][2][3]

The Small Arms Survey 2007,[1] provides an estimate of the total number of known civilian-owned guns in a country per 100 people. These numbers do not clarify which percentage of the population owns those guns.

The figures also do not directly represent the number of guns available, since in some countries, such as Israel, a significant number of civilians have government-owned military guns in their possession, which would not be included in the figures below.[4]

The ownership rate reported is the average estimate taken from a survey from the Small Arms Survey 2007.[1] This survey also gives the minimum and maximum estimates, which are based on other surveys with estimations. Note that for some countries, this margin of error is considerable. For example, Yemen, ranked near the top with an ownership rate of 54.8, has a low estimate of 28.6 and a high estimate of 81.1. While the United States is ranked for the highest gun ownership rate unambiguously, Yemen based on the margin of error may rank anywhere between 2nd and 18th, Switzerland anywhere between 4th and 17th.

The lowest gun ownership rate among the 178 countries surveyed as of 2007 was reported from Tunisia, with 0.1 (or a total number of 9,000 guns), due to very strict gun control under the Ben Ali regime (compare the rates of the neighboring states, Algeria: 7.6, Libya: 15.5).

List of countries by estimated number of guns per capita[edit]

Data was acquired by GunPolicy.org and are mainly based on second-hand surveys from 2007 (Karp, Aaron. 2007. "Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online." Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August.) and 1999 (United Nations. 1999. "Analysis of Country Responses." United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.) Updated figures are calculated figures by gunpolicy.org.[5] The figures cited are estimates for "private gun ownership (both licit and illicit)".

Rank Country Guns per 100
Residents
Notes
1  United States 112.6[6] According to the Congressional Research Service, there are roughly twice as many guns per capita in the United States as there were in 1968: more than 300 million guns in all.[7]
2  Serbia 75.6
3  Yemen 54.8
4   Switzerland 45.7 Estimates range widely, between roughly 25% and 55% for legally held firearms.[8] See Gun politics in Switzerland.
5  Cyprus 36.4[9]
6  Saudi Arabia 35
7  Iraq 34.2
8  Uruguay 31.8
9  Sweden 31.6 According to the Swedish National Police Agency in 2006, there were a total of 656,000 individuals who had a license for one or more guns;[10] 6.5% of the population. There were 2,032,000 guns or 21 guns per 100 residents. Of the 2,032,000 guns, 959,000 were rifles, 726,000 shotguns, 122,000 combination rifles, 88,000 pistols, 55,000 revolvers, 3,000 automatic guns and 78,000 weapons parts.
10  Norway 31.3
11  France 31.2
12  Canada 30.8
13  Austria 30.4
14  Iceland 30.3
15  Germany 30.3
16  Finland 27.5[11][12] 34.2[13][14]
17  Oman 25.5
18  Bahrain 24.8
19  Kuwait 24.8
20  Republic of Macedonia 24.1
21  Montenegro 23.1
22  New Zealand 22.6
23  Greece 22.5
24  United Arab Emirates 22.1
25  Croatia 21.7
26  Australia 21.7 The state of Tasmania has the highest gun ownership in Australia with 25+ guns per 100 people.
27  Panama 21.7
28  Lebanon 21
29  Equatorial Guinea 19.9
30  Qatar 19.2
31  Latvia 19
32  Peru 18.8
33  Angola 17.3
34  Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.3
35  Belgium 17.2
36  Paraguay 17
37  Czech Republic 16.3
38  Thailand 15.6
39  Libya 15.5
40  Luxembourg 15.3
41  Mexico 15
42  Mauritius 14.7
43  Guyana 14.6
44  Gabon 14
45  Slovenia 13.5
46  Suriname 13.4
47  Guatemala 13.1
48  South Africa 12.7
49  Namibia 12.6
50  Armenia 12.5
51  Turkey 12.5
52  Denmark 12
53  Italy 11.9
54  Malta 11.9
55  Pakistan 11.6
56  Jordan 11.5
57  Chile 10.7
58  Venezuela 10.7 The number displayed in this table is very likely a significant underestimation. The actual number of guns per 100 persons may be closer to 50, with an estimated 9-15 million illegal firearms held by civilians.[15]
59  Spain 10.4
60  Argentina 10.2
- Newworldmap.svgWorld 10.2
61  Belize 10
62  Costa Rica 9.9
63  Estonia 9.2
64  Somalia 9.1
65  Transnistria 9.1
66  Russia 8.9
67  Zambia 8.9
68  Albania 8.6
69  Portugal 8.5
70  Slovakia 8.3
71  Jamaica 8.1
72  Brazil 8
73  Barbados 7.8
74  Nicaragua 7.7
75  Algeria 7.6
76  Belarus 7.3
77  Georgia 7.3
78  Iran 7.3
79  Israel 7.3 Figure does not include the significant number of government-owned military guns possessed by civilians.[4]
80  Moldova 7.1
81  Ukraine 6.6
82  United Kingdom 6.6
83  Maldives 6.5
84  Kenya 6.4
85  Swaziland 6.4
86  Bulgaria 6.2
87  Honduras 6.2
88  Colombia 5.9
89  El Salvador 5.8
90  Hungary 5.5
91  Sudan 5.5 Includes South Sudan
92  Cape Verde 5.4
93  Seychelles 5.4
94  Bahamas 5.3
95  Dominican Republic 5.1
96  Mozambique 5.1
97  Morocco 5
98  Botswana 4.9
99  China 4.9
100  Cuba 4.8
101  Philippines 4.7
102  Afghanistan 4.6
103  Taiwan 4.6
104  Zimbabwe 4.6
105  Cambodia 4.3
106  Ireland 4.3
107  India 4.2
108  Burma 4
109  Netherlands 3.9
110  Syria 3.9
111  Turkmenistan 3.8
112  Azerbaijan 3.5
113  Egypt 3.5
114  Bhutan 3.5
115  Palestine 3.4
116  Bolivia 2.8
117  Cameroon 2.8
118  Djibouti 2.8
119  Congo 2.7
120  Lesotho 2.7
121  Ivory Coast 2.4
122  Senegal 2
123  Mongolia 1.9
124  Comoros 1.8
125  Vietnam 1.7
126  Guinea-Bissau 1.6
127  Liberia 1.6
128  Mauritania 1.6
129  Trinidad and Tobago 1.6
130  Malaysia 1.5
131  Nigeria 1.5
132  Sri Lanka 1.5
133  Uzbekistan 1.5
134  Benin 1.4
135  Brunei 1.4
136  Democratic Republic of the Congo 1.4
137  Tanzania 1.4
138  Uganda 1.4
139  Ecuador 1.3
140  Kazakhstan 1.3
141  Poland 1.3 According to police statistics there was 1 gun per 100 people as of 2015.[16] Only small pistols are allowed.
142  Burundi 1.2
143  Laos 1.2
144  Guinea 1.2
145  Papua New Guinea 1.2
146  Burkina Faso 1.1
147  Chad 1.1
148  South Korea 1.1
149  Mali 1.1
150  Central African Republic 1
151  Tajikistan 1
152  Togo 1
153  Kyrgyzstan .9
154  Gambia .8
155  Madagascar .8
156    Nepal .8
157  Lithuania .7
158  Malawi .7
159  Niger .7
160  Romania .7
161  Haiti .6
162  Japan .6
163  North Korea .6
164  Rwanda .6
165  Sierra Leone .6
166  Bangladesh .5
167  Eritrea .5
168  Fiji .5
169  Indonesia .5
170  Singapore .5
171  Ethiopia .4
172  Ghana .4
173  Solomon Islands .4
174  Timor-Leste .3
175  Tunisia .1

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Keith Krause, Eric G. Berman, eds. (August 2007). "Small Arms Survey 2007 – Chapter 2. Completing the Count: Civilian Firearms". Geneva, Switzerland: Small Arms Survey. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  2. ^ Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Martin Killias, Urs Hepp, Erika Gadola, Matthias Bopp, Christoph Lauber, Ulrich Schnyder, Felix Gutzwiller, Wulf Rössler (October 2006). "Firearm suicides and the availability of firearms: analysis of longitudinal international data". Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD, USA: US National Library of Medicine, National Istitutes of Health. Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  3. ^ Martin Killias (1993). "Gun Ownership, Suicide and Homicide: An International Perspective" (PDF). Turin, Italy: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute. Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  4. ^ a b "Comparing murder rates and gun ownership across countries". Swarthmore, PA, USA: Crime Prevention Research Center. 31 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "Armed violence and gun laws, country by country". Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia: GunPolicy.org. Retrieved 2016-03-20.  The figures by gunpolicy.org are still based mainly on 'Karp, Aaron. 2007' and 'United Nations. 1999'. They are only adjusted by calculation for more recent years, at best.
  6. ^ Ingraham, Christopher (2015-10-05). "There are now more guns than people in the United States". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-10-05. 
  7. ^ http://www.npr.org/2016/01/05/462017461/guns-in-america-by-the-numbers
  8. ^ Adrian Meyer (18 February 2014). "Waffenkammer Schweiz: So viele Waffen liegen bei Schweizern zu Hause" (in German). Zurich, switzerland: Blick. Retrieved 2015-10-03. Die Spannweite der Schätzungen ist gross, sie reicht von einer Million bis viereinhalb Millionen. [...] Damit kämen in der Schweiz rund 250 Waffen auf 1000 Einwohner. 
  9. ^ http://www.gunpolicy.org/firearms/region/cyprus
  10. ^ https://www.polisen.se/Global/www%20och%20Intrapolis/Rapporter-utredningar/01%20Polisen%20nationellt/Ovriga%20rapporter-utredningar/Vapenrapporten_2006.pdf
  11. ^ http://yle.fi/uutiset/aseiden_maara_suomessa_vahenee__katso_missa_ovat_maan_15_miljoonaa_asetta/8588611
  12. ^ (1507512/5491522)*100=27.45...≈27.5
  13. ^ http://www.iltalehti.fi/uutiset/2013013116622170_uu.shtml
  14. ^ (1600000/5500000)*100=29.09...≈29.1
  15. ^ P.G. (7 July 2014). "Crime in Venezuela: Guns and money". The Economist. The Economist. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  16. ^ "Liczba osób posiadających pozowlenie na broń - stan na dzień 31 grudnia 2015 r." (in Polish). Police. Retrieved 2016-02-03. 

External links[edit]