Number of guns per capita by country

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Map of civilian guns per capita by country from the Small Arms Survey 2007.[1]

This is a list of countries by guns per capita (number of privately owned small firearms divided by number of residents).[1][2][3]

The Small Arms Survey 2007,[1] provides an estimate of the total number of known civilian-owned guns in a country per 100 people. These numbers do not clarify which percentage of the population owns those guns.

The figures also do not directly represent the number of guns available, since in some countries, such as Israel, a significant number of civilians have government-owned military guns in their possession, which would not be included in the figures below.[4]

The ownership rate reported is the average estimate taken from a survey from the Small Arms Survey 2007.[1] This survey also gives the minimum and maximum estimates, which are based on other surveys with estimations. Note that for some countries, this margin of error is considerable. For example, Yemen, ranked near the top with an ownership rate of 54.8, has a low estimate of 28.6 and a high estimate of 81.1. While the United States is ranked for the highest gun ownership rate unambiguously, Yemen based on the margin of error may rank anywhere between 2nd and 18th, Switzerland anywhere between 4th and 17th.

The lowest gun ownership rate among the 178 countries surveyed as of 2007 was reported from Tunisia, with 0.1 (or a total number of 9,000 guns), due to very strict gun control under the Ben Ali regime (compare the rates of the neighboring states, Algeria: 7.6, Libya: 15.5).

List of countries by number of guns per capita[edit]

Data was acquired by GunPolicy.org and are mainly based on second-hand surveys from 2007 (Karp, Aaron. 2007. "Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online." Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August.) and 1999 (United Nations. 1999. "Analysis of Country Responses." United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.) Updated figures are calculated figures by gunpolicy.org.[5]

Country Guns per 100
Residents
Rank Notes
 United States 112.6[6] 1 According to the Congressional Research Service, there are roughly twice as many guns per capita in the United States as there were in 1968: more than 300 million guns in all.[7]
 Serbia 75.6 2
 Yemen 54.8 3
  Switzerland 45.7[note 1] 4 Including the personal weapons of the militia. These arms are not taken home with military-issued ammunition. According to current estimations (2014), puts guns per 100 residents at 25.[8]
 Cyprus 36.4[9] 5
 Saudi Arabia 35 6
 Iraq 34.2 7
 Uruguay 31.8 8
 Sweden 31.6 9 According to the Swedish National Police Agency in 2006, there were a total of 656,000 individuals who had a license for one or more guns;[10] 6.5% of the population. There were 2,032,000 guns or 21 guns per 100 residents. Of the 2,032,000 guns, 959,000 were rifles, 726,000 shotguns, 122,000 combination rifles, 88,000 pistols, 55,000 revolvers, 3,000 automatic guns and 78,000 weapons parts.
 Norway 31.3 10
 France 31.2 11
 Canada 30.8 12
 Austria 30.4 13
 Iceland 30.3 14
 Germany 30.3 15
 Finland 27.5[11][12] 16 34.2[13][14]
 Oman 25.5 17
 Bahrain 24.8 18
 Kuwait 24.8 19
 Republic of Macedonia 24.1 20
 Montenegro 23.1 21
 New Zealand 22.6 22
 Greece 22.5 23
 United Arab Emirates 22.1 24
 Croatia 21.7 25
 Australia 21.7 26
 Panama 21.7 27
 Lebanon 21 28
 Equatorial Guinea 19.9 29
 Qatar 19.2 30
 Latvia 19 31
 Peru 18.8 32
 Angola 17.3 33
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.3 34
 Belgium 17.2 35
 Paraguay 17 36
 Czech Republic 16.3 37
 Thailand 15.6 38
 Libya 15.5 39
 Luxembourg 15.3 40
 Mexico 15 41
 Mauritius 14.7 42
 Guyana 14.6 43
 Gabon 14 44
 Slovenia 13.5 45
 Suriname 13.4 46
 Guatemala 13.1 47
 South Africa 12.7 48
 Namibia 12.6 49
 Armenia 12.5 50
 Turkey 12.5 51
 Denmark 12 52
 Italy 11.9 53
 Malta 11.9 54
 Pakistan 11.6 55
 Jordan 11.5 56
 Chile 10.7 57
 Venezuela 10.7 58 The number displayed in this table is very likely a significant underestimation. The actual number of guns per 100 persons may be closer to 50, with an estimated 9-15 million illegal firearms held by civilians.[15]
 Spain 10.4 59
 Argentina 10.2 60
Newworldmap.svgWorld 10.2 -
 Belize 10 61
 Costa Rica 9.9 62
 Estonia 9.2 63
 Somalia 9.1 64
 Transnistria 9.1 65
 Russia 8.9 66
 Zambia 8.9 67
 Albania 8.6 68
 Portugal 8.5 69
 Slovakia 8.3 70
 Jamaica 8.1 71
 Brazil 8 72
 Barbados 7.8 73
 Nicaragua 7.7 74
 Algeria 7.6 75
 Belarus 7.3 76
 Georgia 7.3 77
 Iran 7.3 78
 Israel 7.3 79 Figure does not include the significant number of government-owned military guns possessed by civilians
 Moldova 7.1 80
 Ukraine 6.6 81
 United Kingdom 6.6 82
 Maldives 6.5 83
 Kenya 6.4 84
 Swaziland 6.4 85
 Bulgaria 6.2 86
 Honduras 6.2 87
 Colombia 5.9 88
 El Salvador 5.8 89
 Hungary 5.5 90
 Sudan 5.5 91 Includes South Sudan
 Cape Verde 5.4 92
 Seychelles 5.4 93
 Bahamas 5.3 94
 Dominican Republic 5.1 95
 Mozambique 5.1 96
 Morocco 5 97
 Botswana 4.9 98
 China 4.9 99
 Cuba 4.8 100
 Philippines 4.7 101
 Afghanistan 4.6 102
 Taiwan 4.6 103
 Zimbabwe 4.6 104
 Cambodia 4.3 105
 Ireland 4.3 106
 India 4.2 107
 Burma 4 108
 Netherlands 3.9 109
 Syria 3.9 110
 Turkmenistan 3.8 111
 Azerbaijan 3.5 112
 Egypt 3.5 113
 Bhutan 3.5 114
 Palestine 3.4 115
 Bolivia 2.8 116
 Cameroon 2.8 117
 Djibouti 2.8 118
 Congo 2.7 119
 Lesotho 2.7 120
 Ivory Coast 2.4 121
 Senegal 2 122
 Mongolia 1.9 123
 Comoros 1.8 124
 Vietnam 1.7 125
 Guinea-Bissau 1.6 126
 Liberia 1.6 127
 Mauritania 1.6 128
 Trinidad and Tobago 1.6 129
 Malaysia 1.5 130
 Nigeria 1.5 131
 Sri Lanka 1.5 132
 Uzbekistan 1.5 133
 Benin 1.4 134
 Brunei 1.4 135
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1.4 136
 Tanzania 1.4 137
 Uganda 1.4 138
 Ecuador 1.3 139
 Kazakhstan 1.3 140
 Poland 1.3 141 According to police statistics there was 1 gun per 100 people as of 2015.[16] Only small pistols are allowed.
 Burundi 1.2 142
 Laos 1.2 143
 Guinea 1.2 144
 Papua New Guinea 1.2 145
 Burkina Faso 1.1 146
 Chad 1.1 147
 South Korea 1.1 148
 Mali 1.1 149
 Central African Republic 1 150
 Tajikistan 1 151
 Togo 1 152
 Kyrgyzstan .9 153
 Gambia .8 154
 Madagascar .8 155
   Nepal .8 156
 Lithuania .7 157
 Malawi .7 158
 Niger .7 159
 Romania .7 160
 Haiti .6 161
 Japan .6 162
 North Korea .6 163
 Rwanda .6 164
 Sierra Leone .6 165
 Bangladesh .5 166
 Eritrea .5 167
 Fiji .5 168
 Indonesia .5 169
 Singapore .5 170
 Ethiopia .4 171
 Ghana .4 172
 Solomon Islands .4 173
 Timor-Leste .3 174
 Tunisia .1 175

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This figure by gunpolicy.org is solely based on already second-hand surveys, of which the newest was published in 2007. But this survey again bases its estimation–there are no systematically collected figures available, at all–on further estimations again, which originate from the late 1990s and early 2000s.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Keith Krause, Eric G. Berman, eds. (August 2007). "Small Arms Survey 2007 – Chapter 2. Completing the Count: Civilian Firearms". Geneva, Switzerland: Small Arms Survey. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  2. ^ Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Martin Killias, Urs Hepp, Erika Gadola, Matthias Bopp, Christoph Lauber, Ulrich Schnyder, Felix Gutzwiller, Wulf Rössler (October 2006). "Firearm suicides and the availability of firearms: analysis of longitudinal international data". Rockville Pike, Bethesda MD, USA: US National Library of Medicine, National Istitutes of Health. Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  3. ^ Martin Killias (1993). "Gun Ownership, Suicide and Homicide: An International Perspective" (PDF). Turin, Italy: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute. Retrieved 2016-03-20. 
  4. ^ "Comparing murder rates and gun ownership across countries". Swarthmore, PA, USA: Crime Prevention Research Center. 31 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "Armed violence and gun laws, country by country". Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia: GunPolicy.org. Retrieved 2016-03-20.  The figures by gunpolicy.org are still based mainly on 'Karp, Aaron. 2007' and 'United Nations. 1999'. They are only adjusted by calculation for more recent years, at best.
  6. ^ Ingraham, Christopher (2015-10-05). "There are now more guns than people in the United States". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-10-05. 
  7. ^ http://www.npr.org/2016/01/05/462017461/guns-in-america-by-the-numbers
  8. ^ Adrian Meyer (18 February 2014). "Waffenkammer Schweiz: So viele Waffen liegen bei Schweizern zu Hause" (in German). Zurich, switzerland: Blick. Retrieved 2015-10-03. Damit kämen in der Schweiz rund 250 Waffen auf 1000 Einwohner. 
  9. ^ http://www.gunpolicy.org/firearms/region/cyprus
  10. ^ https://www.polisen.se/Global/www%20och%20Intrapolis/Rapporter-utredningar/01%20Polisen%20nationellt/Ovriga%20rapporter-utredningar/Vapenrapporten_2006.pdf
  11. ^ http://yle.fi/uutiset/aseiden_maara_suomessa_vahenee__katso_missa_ovat_maan_15_miljoonaa_asetta/8588611
  12. ^ (1507512/5491522)*100=27.45...≈27.5
  13. ^ http://www.iltalehti.fi/uutiset/2013013116622170_uu.shtml
  14. ^ (1600000/5500000)*100=29.09...≈29.1
  15. ^ P.G. (7 July 2014). "Crime in Venezuela: Guns and money". The Economist. The Economist. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  16. ^ "Liczba osób posiadających pozowlenie na broń - stan na dzień 31 grudnia 2015 r." (in Polish). Police. Retrieved 2016-02-03. 

External links[edit]