Number of guns per capita by country
The Small Arms Survey 2007, provides an estimate of the total number of known civilian-owned guns in a country per 100 people of that country. These numbers say nothing about which percentage of the population owns those guns.
The figures do also not directly represent the number of guns available, since in some countries, such as Israel, a significant number of civilians have government-owned military guns in their possession, which would not be included in the figures below.
The ownership rate reported is the average estimate taken from "The largest civilian firearms arsenals for 178 countries. That table gives also the minimum and maximum estimates. Note that for some countries, this margin of error is considerable. For example, Yemen, ranked near the top with an ownership rate of 54.8, has a low estimate of 28.6 and a high estimate of 81.1. While the United States is ranked for the highest gun ownership rate unambiguously, Yemen based on the margin of error may rank anywhere between 2nd and 18th, Switzerland anywhere between 2nd and 16th.
The lowest gun ownership rate among the 178 countries surveyed as of 2007 was reported from Tunisia, with 0.1 (or a total number of 9,000 guns), due to very strict gun control under the Ben Ali regime (compare the rates of the neighboring states, Algeria: 7.6, Libya: 15.5).
List of countries by number of guns per capita
|Country||Guns per 100
|United States||112.6||1||Most guns are regulated at a state level, not federal level.|
|Serbia||69.7||2||Not including Kosovo|
|Switzerland||45.7||4||Including the personal weapons of the militia, which are not equipped with ammunition at home. According to current estimations the figure (guns per 100 residents) is rather 25|
|Sweden||31.6||9||According to the Swedish National Police Agency in 2006, there were a total of 656,000 individuals who had a license for one or more guns; 6.5% of the population. There were 2,032,000 guns or 21 guns per 100 residents. Of the 2,032,000 guns, 959,000 were rifles, 726,000 shotguns, 122,000 combination rifles, 88,000 pistols, 55,000 revolvers, 3,000 automatic guns and 78,000 weapons parts.|
|Canada||30.8||12||A license is required to own or possess firearms. Federal government safety course required before applying for a license. To be authorized to carry a handgun or restricted long gun for a lawful occupational purpose, such as trapping or working in a wilderness area, an individual must be a Canadian resident, have a firearms licence with restricted privileges and obtain an Authorization to Transport (ATT) permit from the CFO. Semi automatic firearms have size restricted magazines (rimfire rifles excluded) Automatic firearms not permitted.|
|Iceland||30.3||14||A license is required to own or possess firearms. National government safety course required before applying for a license. Special license required to own pistols. Pistols may only be used for target shooting at a licensed range. Semi automatic firearms have caliber restrictions. Automatic firearms not permitted.|
|Republic of Macedonia||24.1||20|
|New Zealand||22.6||22||A license is required to possess firearms. Additional endorsements are required for pistols (for target shooting and collectors only) and military style semi-automatic rifles and shotguns. Automatic firearms can only be obtained if the license holder has a "C" endorsement, however they must never be fired.|
|United Arab Emirates||22.1||24|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||17.3||34|
|Chile||10.7||57||Children under the age of 18 are strictly prohibited from using firearms and ammunition. Adults letting any children use firearms will receive a jail penalty.|
|Israel||7.3||79||Figure does not include the significant number of government-owned military guns possessed by civilians|
|Sudan||5.5||91||Includes South Sudan|
|Netherlands||3.9||109||License is required to possess firearms, and only permitted when in possession of a hunting license or when registered with a rifle club. Automatic firearms are strictly prohibited for civilians.|
|Trinidad and Tobago||1.6||129|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||1.4||136|
|Papua New Guinea||1.2||145|
|Central African Republic||1||150|
|Singapore||.5||170||Citizens in Singapore must obtain a license to lawfully possess firearms and/or ammunition, usually men working in the army.|
- Gun politics
- Small arms proliferation
- List of countries by firearm-related death rate
- Index of gun politics articles
- Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Martin Killias, Urs Hepp, Erika Gadola, Matthias Bopp, Christoph Lauber, Ulrich Schnyder, Felix Gutzwiller, Wulf Rössler. "Firearm suicides and the availability of firearms: analysis of longitudinal international data". Poster presented at the European Congress of Epidemiology, Utrecht.
- Martin Killias (1993). "Gun Ownership, Suicide and Homicide: An International Perspective" (PDF).
- Geneva Graduate Institute of International Studies. "Small Arms Survey 2007, Chapter 2 on Stockpiles" (PDF). Cambridge.
- Small Arms Survey 2007, Chapter and summary download
- Crime Prevention Research Center (March 31, 2014). "Comparing murder rates and gun ownership across countries".
- Washington Post (December 17, 2012). "Gun homicides and gun ownership by country".
- Ingraham, Christopher (2015-10-05). "There are now more guns than people in the United States". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-10-05.
- Adrian Meyer (18 February 2014). "Waffenkammer Schweiz: So viele Waffen liegen bei Schweizern zu Hause" (in German). Zurich, switzerland: Blick. Retrieved 2015-10-03.
Damit kämen in der Schweiz rund 250 Waffen auf 1000 Einwohner.