Numbered highways in Canada
Numbered highways in Canada are split by province, and a majority are maintained by their province or territory transportation department. All highways in Canada are numbered except for three in the Northwest Territories, one highway in Alberta, one highway in Ontario, one highway in Quebec, and Ontario's 7000 Series, are not marked with their highway number, but have been assigned one by the Ministry of Transportation. A number of highways in all provinces are better known by locals by their name rather than their number. Some highways have additional letters added to their number, A is typically an alternate route, B is typically a business route, and other letters are used for bypass (truck) routes, connector routes, scenic routes, and spur routes. The territory of Nunavut has no highways.
This is a breakdown of the classifications of highways in each province, and an example shield of each classification where available.
The Trans-Canada Highway crosses all provinces of Canada.
All provincial highways in Alberta are 'Primary Highways'. They are divided into two series, and sub-series.
Varying between west-east and south-north routes, route numbers in British Columbia span from 1-118, except for Hwy 395 which is a counterpart of US 395. The 400 series highways were renumbered in 1973.
Provincial Trunk Highways (PTH) in Manitoba are divided into two series.
Provincial highways in New Brunswick are divided into three series.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Provincial highways in Newfoundland and Labrador are divided into three series.
- Main highways
- Routes 1, 210, 230, 320, 330, 340, 360, 410, 430, 480, 500, and 510
- Regional roads are numbered by region
- Route 2-203 — Avalon Peninsula
- Route 204-205, 230-239 — Bonavista Peninsula
- Route 210-222 — Burin Peninsula
- Route 301-346 — Kittiwake Coast, Fogo Island, & Twillingate
- Route 350-371 — Exploits River Valley & Bay d'Espoir
- Route 380-392, 410-419 — Baie Verte
- Route 401, 420-438 — Great Northern Peninsula
- Route 402-407, 440-490 — Western Newfoundland
- Route 500-520 — Labrador
- Local highways are based on intersecting primary routes and numbered with extension (i.e. 210-1)
Provincial highways in Nova Scotia are divided into five series.
Provincial highways in Ontario are divided into four classes.
Prince Edward Island
Provincial highways in Prince Edward Island are divided into three series.
- Route 1-4 — primary highways
- Route 4-25 — secondary highways
- Local highways are numbered by county
- Route 101-199 — Prince County
- Route 201-299 — Queens County
- Route 301-399 — Kings County
Provincial highways in Quebec are divided into three classes. Odd numbers refer to routes that are generally perpendicular to the Saint Lawrence River. Even numbers refer to routes that are generally parallel to the Saint Lawrence River.
Provincial highways in Saskatchewan are divided into three series, and sub-series.
There are currently eight territorial highways in the Northwest Territories. All eight are named and numbered 1-8. There is also the Tuktoyaktuk Winter Road which extends the Dempster Highway (Highway 8), the Mackenzie Valley winter road system that extends Northwest Territories Highway 1, the Tlicho winter road system extending from the Yellowknife Highway and the Ingraham Trail, and the Dettah Ice Road extending from Yellowknife to the community of Dettah.
There are a number of roads and highways in Nunavut, none are yet numbered.
There are currently fourteen territorial highways in Yukon. All fourteen are named and numbered 1-11, 14-15, & 37.