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In Roman mythology, King Numitor (/ˈnjmɪtər, -tɔːr/) of Alba Longa, was the maternal grandfather of Rome's founder and first king, Romulus, and his twin brother Remus. He was the son of Procas, descendant of Aeneas the Trojan, and father of the twin's mother, Rhea Silvia and Lausus.[1]a

In 794 BC[2] Procas died and was meant to be succeeded by Numitor. Instead he was overthrown and removed from the kingdom by his brother, Amulius, who had no respect for his father's will or his brother's seniority.[3] Amulius also murdered his sons, in an effort to remove power from his brother for himself.[3]

Rhea Silvia was made a Vestal Virgin by Amulius rendering her unable to have children on pain of death; however, she was forcibly impregnated by the god Mars.[4] Romulus and Remus overthrew Amulius and reinstated Numitor as king in 752 B.C .[5]

Family tree[edit]

See also[edit]


^ Ovid names his children as Lausus and Ilia[6] whereas Livy says Amulius had his two sons killed.[7]


  1. ^ Ovid Fasti IV
  2. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus Roman Antiquities 71.4
  3. ^ a b Livy I.3.10
  4. ^ Livy I.4.2
  5. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus Roman Antiquities 71.5
  6. ^ Ovid Fasti IV
  7. ^ Livy Roman History I.3.10
Legendary titles
Preceded by
King of Alba Longa
first reign
Succeeded by
Preceded by
King of Alba Longa
second reign
Succeeded by