Nuneaton Priory

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Former conventual church of Nuneaton Priory

Nuneaton Priory was a medieval Benedictine monastic house in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England, initially founded in 1153 at Kintbury in Berkshire and was a daughter house of Fontevraud Abbey.[1]

Nuneaton Priory must have become "denizen", that is, a naturalised English monastery, around the time of the suppression of the alien priories, since there was a prior of Nuneaton still in 1424 and other mentions are then found.

At various moments, the women's house at Nuneaton was large, containing 93 nuns in 1234, 89 in 1328, but the Black Death will have taken its toll and in any case the house numbered 46 nuns in 1370, about 40 in 1459, only 23 in 1507 and at the end, in 1539, 27 in total, of whom 25 were granted pensions. The 1535 Valor Ecclesiasticus, Henry VIII's pre-seizure survey, showed a net annual income for the priory of some 253 pounds.[2]

The seal of Nuneaton Priory depicted the Virgin Mary in the pose of the Seat of Wisdom (Sedes sapientiae), which was a common motif for seals of nunneries in medieval England, though not the majority choice.[3] The motif entails a depiction of the Blessed Virginseated and facing forward, presenting or holding the Christ Child on her lap.

Restoration[edit]

An ancient Abbey church founded at 'Eaton' in 1155 gave the present town the name 'Nuneaton'.[4]

All that remained by the 19th Century of the original church were portions of the 12th- and 13th-century piers of the tower, the south wall of the south transept, and the foundations of the north transept and nave.[5]

The Church has been partially restored. The nave was rebuilt in 1876 on the old foundations by the Gothic Revival architect C. C. Rolfe. The chancel was rebuilt in 1906, and then the north transept in 1931 by Harold Brakspear.[5]

The church (such as it stands) is used as the Parish Church of St. Mary The Virgin and is known locally as the Abbey Church. The tradition of the church is Anglo-Catholic.[6]

Despite this building's significance in Nuneaton's past and its recent history, it is a relatively unknown place, with little promotion or signage.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Evelyn Baker, La Grava: The Archaeology and History of a Royal Manor and Alien Priory of Fontevrault, Council for British Archaeology, York, 2013, p. 271.
  2. ^ Cf. David Knowles & R. Neville Hadcock, Medieval Religious Houses, England and Wales, Longman Greens, London 1953, pp. 94, 216.
  3. ^ Roberta Gilchrist, Gender and Material Culture: The Archaeology of Religious Women, Routledge, London, 1994, p. 145.
  4. ^ "Houses of Benedictine nuns: Priory of Nuneaton". British History Online. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  5. ^ a b "The borough of Nuneaton". British History Online. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  6. ^ Blagdon-Gamlen, P. E. (1973) The Church Travellers Directory. London: Church Literature Association; p. 68


Coordinates: 52°31′32″N 1°28′37″W / 52.525566°N 1.477010°W / 52.525566; -1.477010