Nunhead

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Nunhead
Nunhead Green, SE15 - geograph.org.uk - 776052.jpg
Nunhead Green
Nunhead is located in Greater London
Nunhead
Nunhead
Location within Greater London
Population13,620 (2011 Census. Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ355755
• Charing Cross4 mi (6.4 km) NW
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtSE15, SE4
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°27′44″N 0°03′03″W / 51.4622°N 0.0508°W / 51.4622; -0.0508Coordinates: 51°27′44″N 0°03′03″W / 51.4622°N 0.0508°W / 51.4622; -0.0508

Nunhead is a suburb in the London Borough of Southwark in London, England.[2] It is an inner-city suburb located 4 miles (6.4 km) southeast of Charing Cross. It is the location of the 52-acre (0.21 km2) Nunhead Cemetery.[3] Nunhead has traditionally been a working-class area and, with the adjacent neighbourhoods, is currently going through a lengthy process of gentrification.[4][5] Nunhead is the location of several underground reservoirs, built by the Southwark and Vauxhall Waterworks Company.[6]

Etymology[edit]

The Old Nuns Head, Public House

The name is first recorded in a deed of 1583 relating to a land sale including estates "lying at Nunn-head."[7] The origin of the name Nunhead is not certain but is believed to be derived from a local inn named variously The Nun's Head or The Nunhead Tavern. Local historians and local legend maintain that this name refers to the beheading of a nun during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.

The legend claims that the head of the Mother Superior of a nunnery, which stood where the current public house The Old Nun's Head now stands, was placed on a spike on the green following her death.[8] There is no evidence to support this claim.[9] However, a nunnery in the area may have been connected with the nunnery of The Augustinian Priory of St. John the Baptist, Holywell (now Shoreditch) which acquired lands in Camberwell and Peckham in the 12th century.

History[edit]

A map showing the Nunhead ward of Camberwell Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

A rural settlement of approximately ten buildings named "NoneHead" is clearly visible in the 1762 map titled A topographical map of the county of Surrey by John Roque.[10] The settlement occupies the land which is now Nunhead Green and Nunhead High Street. At the time it was separated from the nearby settlement of Peckham Rye by fields and the now covered River Peck.

In 1834 the Girdlers Company built the Beeston's Gift Almshouses, a terrace of seven Tudor-style cottages which still stand in front of a garden with railings on Consort road.[11] Further almshouses were built in 1853 by the Asylum of the Metropolitan Beer and Wine Trade Association on the edge of Nunhead Green to provide housing for aged members of the trade.[12] In 1868, Brocks Fireworks, a manufacture of fireworks built a firework 'manufactory' close to where the pub, The Pyrotechnists Arms, still stands. The pub is so-named because of its original proximity to the firework factory.[13]

Until 1878, Nunhead formed part of the large ancient parish of Camberwell in the Brixton hundred of Surrey.[14][15] The area's population growth led to a separate ecclesiastical parish of St Antholin, Nunhead, being formed in 1878, with the church built in 1877.[14] The area then came within the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1855 and was transferred to the County of London in 1889. In 1887 Nunhead is recorded as having a population of 10,727.[16] Having formed part of the Camberwell parish, it became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell in 1900.[14]

There was a Nunhead Football Club from 1888 to 1949. Nunhead has some fine examples of late Victorian / early Edwardian properties; these can be seen on both Carden Road and Tresco Road. It is even reputed, in Claire Tomalin's biography of Charles Dickens' mistress Nelly Ternan, that Charles Dickens was taken on his death bed from the house he rented for Ternan, at Windsor Lodge in Linden Grove to Gad's Hill to die. The house no longers stands, but was at 31 Linden Grove. Old maps show that the church was next door to where the dental surgery now stands at 42 Linden Grove, so Windsor Lodge was presumably more or less opposite that.

St Antholin's, Nunhead[edit]

St Antholin church was built in 1877. Built in red brick it is large and rectangular and was built in the style of the first part of the 13th century. The church was built with funds from the sale of the site of St. Antholin's, Budge Row, which was demolished in 1875. The oak reredos designed by Sir Christopher Wren and a bell were brought from the original church.[17] The church was destroyed by bombing in 1940 and later rebuilt and consecrated in 1957 and official renamed in 1958 as St Antony's Church.[18]

St Antony's was Listed Grade II in 1972 but became surplus to requirements of the Anglican Church and was declared redundant in 2001 and sold to its present owners, a Pentecostal congregation. It then became the Lighthouse Cathedral.[19] The bell from the original St Antholin's now hangs in St Silas, Nunhead.

Regeneration[edit]

Nunhead forms part of Southwark London Borough Council's Peckham Programme regeneration scheme.[20] As part of this plan, the area forms part of the East Peckham and Nunhead renewal area.[21] A component was the proposal that the Cross River Tram could serve the area,[22] however in November 2008 Mayor of London Boris Johnson announced that due to funding constraints this project would be cancelled.[23]

The Lighthouse Cathedral, the current name of this church, which was built in 1957 to the designs of Lawrence King as St Anthony's (for the Church of England). The previous church on the site (destroyed by wartime bombing in 1940) was called St Antholin's and built in 1877.

Nearest Places[edit]

Transport[edit]

Gibbon Road is the location of Nunhead railway station. The station is located on the line from Blackfriars to Sevenoaks and Victoria to Dartford. Train services are provided by Southeastern.[24] The area is also served by a variety of London Buses services.[25] Bus route 78 starts in Nunhead and terminates in Shoreditch running via the commercial area surrounding Liverpool Street as well as going over famous Tower Bridge and bypassing the historical Tower of London. The P12, which begins its journey in Honor Oak Park, goes through Nunhead, terminating at Surrey Quays shopping centre. As part of the urban sprawl of London, Nunhead is contiguous with the neighbourhoods of Brockley to the east, Honor Oak to the south, East Dulwich to the south west, Peckham to the north west and New Cross to the north east.

Politics[edit]

Nunhead forms part of the Camberwell and Peckham Westminster constituency, with a ward in that constituency named Nunhead & Queens Road. Residents elect three councillors to Southwark Council every four years.

The constituency has been a safe Labour seat since its inception in 1997. The current MP is Labour’s Harriet Harman and forms part of the Lambeth and Southwark London Assembly constituency represented by Marina Ahmad of Labour.

Nunhead & Queen's Road 2018 (3)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sunil Chopra* 2,305
Labour Gavin Edwards* 2,276
Labour Sandra Rhule* 2,221
Green Rosalie Schweiker 528
Green Steve Barbe 479
Green Bartley Shaw 445
Conservative Domonic Garriques 254
Conservative Andrew Smith 251
Conservative Harry Chathli 249
Liberal Democrats Sarah Mustoe 216
Liberal Democrats Rupert Morris 198
Liberal Democrats Gillian Shields 196
Majority
Turnout 3,328 29.5
Labour win (new seat)
Labour win (new seat)
Labour win (new seat)
Nunhead[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fiona Colley* 2,229
Labour Sunil Chopra* 1,936
Labour Sandra Rhule 1,820
Green Steve Barbe 714
Green Valerie Remy 555
Green Dave Tapsell 435
All People's Party Althea Smith* 323
Conservative Robert Clarke 298
Conservative Gerald Chan 255
Conservative Harry Chathli 237
Liberal Democrats Frances Blango 200
Liberal Democrats Paul Melly 189
Liberal Democrats Dolly Mace 163
Turnout 3,336 34.3
Labour hold Swing
Labour hold Swing
Labour hold Swing

Althea Smith was elected in 2010 for the Labour Party, but defected to the All People's Party.

Culture[edit]

Nunhead Cemetery Open Day occurs every May and is organised by Friends of Nunhead Cemetery.

Nunhead Beats the Bounds is an annual event where Nunhead residents march around the perimeter of Nunhead - from Queens Road to Camberwell New Cemetery - to build community spirit. It is generally held the first Saturday afternoon in July.

Nunhead American Radio with Lewis Schaffer on Resonance 104.4FM is a radio programme for and about the residents of Nunhead, with special focus on the immigrant American community.

The Nunhead Art Trail is an art and craft showcase organised by volunteers. Nunhead artists and craftspeople exhibit their work in their flats, houses and gardens allowing the public to view and buy the work.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Southwark Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  2. ^ Southwark Council - Nunhead and Peckham Rye Community Council Archived 4 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ BBC London - Nunhead Cemetery
  4. ^ Liebman, Robert (3 October 1998). "Hot Spot: Nunhead: Back from the dead". The Independent.
  5. ^ "On the Tiger trail". The Economist. 8 February 2008.
  6. ^ Peckham and Dulwich, Old and New London: Volume 6 (1878), pp. 286-303
  7. ^ Beasley, John D. (1999). The story of Peckham and Nunhead (New ed.). London: London Borough of Southwark. ISBN 0-905849-26-4. OCLC 59443001.
  8. ^ Beasley, John D. (15 May 2010). Origin of Placenames in Peckham and Nunhead. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-4456-2984-1.
  9. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6
  10. ^ "A topographical map of the county of Surrey [cartographic material] : in which is expressed all the roads, lanes, churches, noblemen and gentlemen's seats, &c. &c". Trove. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Inventory Site Record". Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  12. ^ "Peckham and Dulwich | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  13. ^ "Pyrotechnists Arms, Nunhead". whatpub.com. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  14. ^ a b c 'Parishes: Camberwell', A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4 (1912), pp. 24-36. Date accessed: 3 July 2008.
  15. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Camberwell (historic map). Retrieved 2008-07-05.
  16. ^ John Bartholomew, Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) - Nunhead
  17. ^ "Parishes: Camberwell | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  18. ^ "Southwark Anglican". 5 March 2021.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 July 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ Southwark Council - Peckham Programme
  21. ^ Southwark Council - East Peckham and Nunhead
  22. ^ Transport for London - Cross River Tram: Route options 2006
  23. ^ Transport for London - Cross River Tram project status
  24. ^ Southeastern - Station facilities: Nunhead[permanent dead link]
  25. ^ Transport for London - Buses from Nunhead
  26. ^ "Election results for Nunhead Ward". Southwark Council. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  27. ^ "Nunhead Art Trail". www.nunheadarttrail.co.uk. Retrieved 20 October 2020.