View up The Avenue from the North Gate towards the Anglican Chapel
|Size||21 hectares (52 acres)|
|No. of graves||?|
|No. of interments||?|
Nunhead Cemetery is one of the Magnificent Seven cemeteries in London, England. It is perhaps the least famous and celebrated of them. The cemetery is located in Nunhead in the London Borough of Southwark and was originally known as All Saints' Cemetery. Nunhead Cemetery was consecrated in 1840 and opened by the London Cemetery Company. It is a Local Nature Reserve.
History and description
Consecrated in 1840, with an Anglican chapel designed by Thomas Little, it is one of the Magnificent Seven Victorian cemeteries established in a ring around what were then the outskirts of London. The first burial was of Charles Abbott, a 101-year-old Ipswich grocer; the last burial was of a volunteer soldier who became a canon of Lahore Cathedral. The first grave in Nunhead was dug in October 1840. The average annual number of burials over the ten years 1868–1878 was 1685: 1350 in the consecrated, and 335 in the unconsecrated ground.
The cemetery contains examples of the imposing monuments to the most eminent citizens of the day, which contrast sharply with the small, simple headstones marking common or public burials. By the middle of the 20th century the cemetery was nearly full, and so was abandoned by the United Cemetery Company. With the ensuing neglect, the cemetery gradually changed from lawn to meadow and eventually to woodland. It is now a Local Nature Reserve and Site of Metropolitan Importance for wildlife, populated with songbirds, woodpeckers and tawny owls. A lack of care and cash surrendered the graves to the ravages of nature and vandalism, but in the early 1980s the Friends of Nunhead Cemetery were formed to renovate and protect the cemetery.
The cemetery was reopened in May 2001 after an extensive restoration project funded by Southwark Council and the Heritage Lottery Fund. Fifty memorials were restored along with the Anglican Chapel.
- Sir Frederick Abel, 1827–1902, co-inventor of Cordite
- Robert Abel, 1857–1936, England test cricketer
- George John Bennett, 1800–1879, English Shakespearian actor
- William Brough, 1826–1870, writer and playwright
- Bryan Donkin, 1768–1855, engineer who developed a paper-making machine and food-canning process
- Edward John Eliot, 1782–1863, Peninsular War soldier
- Vincent Figgins, 1766–1844, typefounder
- Sir Charles Fox, 1810–1874, civil and railway engineer
- Jenny Hill, 1848–1896, music hall performer
- Sir Polydore de Keyser, 1832–1898, lawyer and Roman Catholic Lord Mayor of London
- Sir George Livesey, 1834–1908, engineer, industrialist and philanthropist
- Cicely Nott, 1832–1900, singer and actress
- Thomas Tilling, 1825–1893, bus tycoon
- Alfred Vance, 1839–1888, English music hall performer
- Joseph Lemuel Chester, 1821-1882, American genealogist, poet and editor
Layout and other structures
The Victorian part of the cemetery is currently in a poor state of repair, being best described as an elegant wilderness; locals like to call it a nature reserve. Many areas of the cemetery are fairly overgrown with vines, as visible in newer tourist photos. Numerous tombstones lean to the side. Although the Friends of Nunhead Cemetery are doing their best to restore some parts of the cemetery it is badly in need of care and funding. It is about 52 acres (210,000 m2) and is a popular place to walk.
The lodges and monumental entrance were designed by James Bunstone Bunning. There is an obelisk, the "Scottish Political Martyrs Memorial", the second monument (the other is in Edinburgh) dedicated to the leaders of the Friends of the People Society, popularly called the Scottish Martyrs, including Thomas Muir, Maurice Margarot, and Thomas Fyshe Palmer, who were transported to Australia in 1794. It was erected by Radical MP Joseph Hume in 1837. It is immediately on the right on Dissenters Road, when entering through the North Gate.
A memorial commemorates nine Sea Scouts who died in the Leysdown Tragedy off the Isle of Sheppey in 1912, including Percy Baden Powell Huxford aged 12 (named after, but not related to, Lord Baden Powell). The original memorial, designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, was erected in 1914. Most of this was removed after vandalism, and only the base remains. The present replacement memorial was erected in 1992, on the initiative of the Friends of Nunhead Cemetery.
There are a large number of First and Second World War war graves in the cemetery, the greater proportion (592 graves) being Commonwealth service burials from the former war. Most of those are concentrated between three war graves plots: the United Kingdom plot (Square 89), holding 266 graves, the Australian plot which holds 23 graves, and the Canadian plot (Square 52) which holds 36 graves, including burials of South African and New Zealand servicemen. Those buried in the UK plot and in individual graves outside the three plots are, because of not being marked by headstones, listed by name on a Screen Wall memorial inside the cemetery's main entrance. A second Screen Wall lists 110 Commonwealth service personnel of the Second World War who are buried in another war graves plot (Square 5), and elsewhere whose graves could not be marked by headstones. There is also a Belgian war grave of the First World War.
A conducted tour of the cemetery is run by the Friends of Nunhead Cemetery, open to all, on the last Sunday of each month, starting from the Linden Grove gates at 2:15 p.m. At the centre of the cemetery are the remains of the Anglican Chapel, its roof gone but its stone walls intact.
The cemetery is the setting for the Victorian poet Charlotte Mew's exploration of death, insanity and social alienation In Nunhead Cemetery and is the setting for Maurice Riordan's final poem, The January Birds in The Holy Land, his 2007 collection. The Woman Between the Worlds, a 1994 science fiction novel by F. Gwynplaine MacIntyre set in Victorian England, depicts the burial at Nunhead Cemetery in 1898 (in a closed coffin) of a female extraterrestrial. The novel avoids citing a precise location for this grave, in case some reader believes that alien remains can be retrieved from the site.
The cemetery also featured in Episode 2 of the 2008 BBC series Spooks, although it was credited as Highgate Cemetery.
The cemetery features in a number of scenes in the 1971 movie Melody.
The cemetery was the location of a shoot in a 1995 episode of London's Burning.
- Friends of Nunhead Cemetery
- England, Historic. "NUNHEAD CEMETERY (ALL SAINTS), Southwark - 1000824| Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
- "Nunhead Cemetery". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "Map of Nunhead Cemetery". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- Nunhead Cemetery, BBC London, 21 July 2008.
- "Number One London. Join us as we explore Regency, Georgian and Victorian England and all aspects of British history, including London, the Duke of Wellington, stately homes and museums. Posts on new books, films and UK travel". onelondonone.blogspot.com. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "London's most underappreciated architecture – in pictures". The Guardian. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Wynne Jones, Ros (2012-08-04). "A twist of fate: David Beckham's great grandfather saved from Thames disaster". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 6 August 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Kent History Forum website. A picture of the original memorial can be seen on the "Scouting Milestones website". Archived from the original on 9 September 2012..
-  CWGC Cemetery Report.
- Beach, Darren (2013). London's Cemeteries. London: Metro Publications. pp. 144–47. ISBN 978-1-902910-40-6.
- FoNC, Nunhead Cemetery, An Illustrated Guide, Friends of Nunhead Cemetery, 1988, ISBN 0-9508881-6-8
- Meller, Hugh; Parsons, Brian (2008). London Cemeteries: an illustrated guide and gazetteer (4th ed.). Stroud: History Press. ISBN 978-0-7509-4622-3.
- Woollacott, Ron (1984). Nunhead Notables: some of the interesting and important men and women buried in London's Nunhead Cemetery. London: Friends of Nunhead Cemetery. ISBN 0950888117.
- Woollacott, Ron (2002). Ron Woollacott's Nunhead Notables: a biographical list of notable men and women buried in London's Nunhead Cemetery of All Saints. London: Friends of Nunhead Cemetery. ISBN 0953919439.
- Woollacott, Ron (2003). The Victorian Catacombs at Nunhead: a short history of the Chapel Catacombs, Shaft Catacombs and the Eastern Catacomb in the Nunhead Cemetery of All Saints, Linden Grove, London, SE15. London: Maureen and Ron Woollacott. ISBN 0952614251.
- Woollacott, Ron (2010). Investors in Death: the story of Nunhead Cemetery and the London Cemetery Company and its successors. London: Friends of Nunhead Cemetery. ISBN 9780953919482.
- Woollacott, Ron; Burford, Michèle Louise (2014). Buried at Nunhead: Nunhead Notables: Volume 3. London: Friends of Nunhead Cemetery. ISBN 9780956987426.
- Woollacott, Ron; Burford, Michèle Louise (2018). Buried at Nunhead: Nunhead Notables: Volume 4. London: Friends of Nunhead Cemetery. ISBN 9780956987440.
- Woollacott, Ron; Burford, Michèle Louise (2018). The enigmatic Mr Peek Stevens or The Great Vance: the life and career of a Great Victorian music-hall luminary buried at Nunhead. London: Friends of Nunhead Cemetery. ISBN 9780956987433.
- Zisenis, Marcus, Nunhead Cemetery, London, United Kingdom: a case study of the assessment of the nature conservation value of an urban woodland and associated habitats, M.Sc. in Conservation dissertation, University College London, University of London, 1993, unpublished.
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The cemetery is easily reached with public transport via local buses and National Rail:
- Bus: 78, 343 and 484 all have stops nearby
- Train: The Nunhead railway station is close by.