Bida Emirate

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Bida Emirate
Flag of Bida Emirate
Bida Emirate is located in Nigeria
Bida Emirate
Bida Emirate
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 9°05′N 6°01′E / 9.083°N 6.017°E / 9.083; 6.017Coordinates: 9°05′N 6°01′E / 9.083°N 6.017°E / 9.083; 6.017
Country Nigeria
StateNiger State
 • EtsuDr. Alh. (Brig Gen). Yahaya Abubakar

The Bida Emirate is a traditional state in Nigeria, a successor to the old Nupe Kingdom, with its headquarters in Bida, Niger State. The head of the state is the Etsu Nupe, considered the leader of the Nupe people.[1]

Etsu palace, wadate Bida


The old Nupe Kingdom was established in the middle of the 15th century in a basin between the Niger and Kaduna rivers in what is now central Nigeria. Early history is mostly based on verbally-transmitted legends. King Jibiri, who reigned around 1770, was the first Nupe king to become Muslim. Etsu Ma’azu brought the kingdom to its period of greatest power, dying in 1818. During that period the Fulani were gaining power across Northern Nigeria. After Ma’azu's death and during the subsequent wars of succession the Nupe Kingdom came under the control of the Gwandu Emirate. Masaba, son of the Fulani leader Mallam Dendo and a Nupe mother, gained power in 1841.[2][3]

Faced with revolt by one of his generals, Masaba allied with the former Etsu Nupe, Usman Zaki, to recover control. Usman Zaki was enthroned as Etsu Nupe at Bida, and after his death around 1859 Masaba again became ruler until 1873. During his second period of rule, Masaba established the Bida Emirate as an important military power, steadily expanding its territory at the expense of its neighbors to the south and east. His successors retained control until 1897, when British Niger Company troops finally took Bida and established a puppet ruler. The Bida emirate became subject first to the British colonial regime, then to the independent state of Nigeria, with its rulers playing an increasingly ceremonial role.[4][5]

Till today now this emirate celebrates its cultural day known as Nupe Cultural Day, for the remembrance of the defeat to British rulers in their region.[6][7]


Rulers of the Bida Emirate, who use the title "Etsu Nupe":[8]

Start End Ruler
1856 1859 Usuman Zaki dan Malam Dendo (b. c.1790 – d. 1859)
1859 1873 Masaba dan Malam Dendo (2nd time) (d. 1873)
1873 1884 Umaru Majigi dan Muhamman Majigi (d. 1884)
1884 1895 Maliki dan Usuman Zaki (d. 1895)
1895 1897 Abu Bakr dan Masaba (1st time) (d. 1919)
1897 1899 Muhammadu dan Umaru Majigi (1st time) ( d. 1916)
1899 17 February 1901 Abu Bakr dan Masaba (2nd time)
February 1901 26 February 1916 Muhammadu dan Umaru Majigi (2nd time)
6 March 1916 1926 Bello dan Maliki (d. 1926)
1926 February 1935 Malam Sa'idu dan Mamudu (d. 1935)
28 February 1935 29 October 1962 Malam Muhammadu Ndayako dan Muhammadu (b. 1884 – d. 1962)
29 October 1962 1969 Usman Sarki dan Malam Sa'idu (b. 1920 - d. 1984)
1969 10 January 1975 Malam Musa Bello (b. 1919 - d. 1975)
January 1975 1 September 2003 Umaru Sanda Ndayako (b. 1937 – d. 2003)
1 September 2003 Yahaya Abubakar (b. 1952)[9]


  1. ^ Salahu, Mohammed Lawal (15 September 2017). "Slave Factor in the Development of Bida Emirate: 1857-1900". African Research Review. 11 (3): 13. doi:10.4314/afrrev.v11i3.2. ISSN 2070-0083.
  2. ^ "History of Nupe Kingdom (The Fulani Conquest)". National Youth Service Corps. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
  3. ^ Nadel, S. F. (3 September 2018), "Political History of Nupe Kingdom", A Black Byzantium, Routledge, pp. 69–86, doi:10.4324/9780429487545-6, ISBN 978-0-429-48754-5
  4. ^ "Origin of Bida Emirate". National Youth Service Corps. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
  5. ^ Nadel, S. F. (Siegfried Frederick), 1903-1956, author. A black byzantium : the kingdom of Nupe in Nigeria. ISBN 978-0-429-48754-5. OCLC 1049150141.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Nadel, S. F. (2018), "The Nupe Creed", Nupe Religion, Routledge, pp. 1–37, doi:10.4324/9780429487446-1, ISBN 978-0-429-48744-6
  7. ^ Oleribe, EOO; Alasia, DD (11 January 2007). "Cultural and health: The effect of nupe cultural practice on the health of nupe people". Nigerian Journal of Medicine. 15 (3): 325–8. doi:10.4314/njm.v15i3.37241. ISSN 1115-2613. PMID 17111771.
  8. ^ "Traditional States of Nigeria". Archived from the original on 26 September 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  9. ^ Agha Ibiam (4 March 2009). "As New Makaman Nupe Steps in". ThisDay. Retrieved 4 September 2010.