Nurgan Regional Military Commission

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Nurgan Regional Military Commission
Administrative divisions of Ming dynasty in 1409; Nurgan Regional Military Commission is in the northeast.

The Nurgan Regional Military Commission (Chinese: 奴兒干都指揮使司; pinyin: Nú'érgān dūzhǐhuī shǐsī) was a Chinese administrative seat established in Manchuria during the Ming dynasty, located on the banks of the Amur River, about 100 km from the sea, at modern Tyr, Russia. The seat was nominally established in 1409, but was abandoned in 1435.[1] Nurgan was the site of Yongning Temple (永寕寺), a Buddhist temple dedicated to Guanyin, that was founded by Yishiha (Išiqa) in 1413.[2] The founding of Yongning Temple is recorded in a stele with inscriptions in Chinese, Mongolian and Jurchen.[3] The commission was an important institution during the Ming rule of Manchuria.

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  1. ^ Li, Gertraude Roth (2002). "State Building before 1644". In Peterson, Willard J. The Ch'ing Empire to 1800. Cambridge History of China. 9. Cambridge University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-521-24334-6. 
  2. ^ Crossley, Pamela Kyle (2002). A Translucent Mirror: History and Identity in Qing Imperial Ideology. University of California Press. pp. 58, 185. ISBN 978-0-520-23424-6. 
  3. ^ Jin, Guangping; Jin, Qizong (1980). 女真語言文字研究 [Study of Jurchen Language and Script]. Wenwu Chubaneshe. p. 355.