Nuriootpa, South Australia

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Nuriootpa
South Australia
NuriootpaMemorialHall.JPG
Memorial hall
Nuriootpa is located in South Australia
Nuriootpa
Nuriootpa
Coordinates 34°28′0″S 138°59′0″E / 34.46667°S 138.98333°E / -34.46667; 138.98333Coordinates: 34°28′0″S 138°59′0″E / 34.46667°S 138.98333°E / -34.46667; 138.98333
Population 5,704 (2006 census)[1]
Established 1854[2]
Postcode(s) 5355[3]
Location 74 km (46 mi) North East of Adelaide via Australian National Route A20.svg
LGA(s) Barossa Council, Light Regional Council
State electorate(s) Schubert
Federal Division(s) Barker, Wakefield
Localities around Nuriootpa:
Moppa Koonunga Ebenezer, Stockwell
Greenock Nuriootpa Light Pass, Penrice
Marananga, Seppeltsfield Stone Well, Tanunda, Vine Vale Angaston

Nuriootpa (nyoo-ree-oot-pa, although frequently mispronounced nyoo-ree-oop-ta) is the major commercial centre in the Barossa Valley in South Australia, about an hour's drive north of the capital, Adelaide, and 77 kilometres by rail. The name of the town is reputed to be the local Aboriginal word for "meeting place".

The first recorded Europeans to visit the locality, on 3 March 1838, were the exploration party of John Hill, John Oakden, William Wood, and Charles Willis, en route to the Murray River from Adelaide.[4]

Nuriootpa is situated at the north end of the Barossa Valley, near the Sturt Highway and has a population of over 5704 people, making it the largest town in the area. There are grape-vines growing on some of the buildings in the main streets, and vineyards surrounding the town. It is home to wineries including Penfolds, Elderton, Kaesler Wines, and Wolf Blass.

Since the 1930s, Nuriootpa has been cited as an example of inspired community development.[citation needed] The town's community owned and operated retail businesses have funded public facilities, including the Senior Citizens' Club, the swimming pool, the kindergarten and recreation areas. The short-lived progressive Adelaide movement Common Cause arranged a visit by future Prime Minister Ben Chifley to Nuriootpa in 1944 which led him, inspired by its approach, to promote the town as a model for community co-operation. The Adelaide architect Louis Laybourne-Smith prepared a plan for the town's recreation and education area, known as its 'War Memorial Community Centre' at that time. Much of this plan has been realised, including Laybourne-Smith's unusual 'fan-shaped' Olympic-sized pool.

Nuriootpa is in the Barossa Council, although the northern outskirts are in the Light Regional Council. It is in the state electoral district of Schubert (and Light for the outskirts) and the federal Division of Barker (and Division of Wakefield for the outskirts in the Light Regional Council). The postcode is 5355.

Sporting events[edit]

The 1950 Australian Grand Prix, which was Australia’s premier motor race of that year, was held on 2 January 1950 using the Nuriootpa Road Circuit,[5] a temporary course utilising roads in and around the town of Nuriootpa. The race was won by Doug Whiteford driving a Ford V8 Special.[6][7] The first race meeting to use the circuit had been held in April 1949.[8]

The first stage of the 2014 Tour Down Under was held on 21 January 2014, starting from the town and finishing in Angaston. The 135 km stage was won by Simon Gerrans of Orica-GreenEDGE.[9]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Nuriootpa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.1
(111.4)
43.9
(111)
39.2
(102.6)
37.6
(99.7)
28.9
(84)
25.3
(77.5)
21.7
(71.1)
27.8
(82)
31.7
(89.1)
36.8
(98.2)
41.5
(106.7)
41.8
(107.2)
44.1
(111.4)
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86)
29.6
(85.3)
25.8
(78.4)
21.8
(71.2)
17.5
(63.5)
14.0
(57.2)
13.4
(56.1)
14.8
(58.6)
18.0
(64.4)
21.4
(70.5)
25.3
(77.5)
27.3
(81.1)
21.6
(70.9)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
14.6
(58.3)
11.9
(53.4)
9.1
(48.4)
7.1
(44.8)
5.2
(41.4)
4.6
(40.3)
5.0
(41)
6.8
(44.2)
8.2
(46.8)
11.0
(51.8)
12.4
(54.3)
9.2
(48.6)
Record low °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
4.3
(39.7)
0.9
(33.6)
−0.6
(30.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
−3.5
(25.7)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
1.1
(34)
1.1
(34)
−4.5
(23.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16.6
(0.654)
26.1
(1.028)
29.1
(1.146)
34.9
(1.374)
48.6
(1.913)
56.1
(2.209)
55.4
(2.181)
54.0
(2.126)
55.1
(2.169)
34.6
(1.362)
31.7
(1.248)
33.8
(1.331)
467.2
(18.394)
Average precipitation days 4.2 3.8 5.6 7.8 13.4 15.9 17.3 15.8 14.6 9.4 7.3 6.8 121.4
Average relative humidity (%) 28 30 34 41 54 63 63 58 53 41 34 32 44
Mean monthly sunshine hours 331.7 279.7 269.7 225.0 176.7 147.0 161.2 198.4 216.0 269.7 288.0 306.9 2,870
Source: [10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). Nuriootpa (Urban Centre/Locality). 2006 Census Quickstats. Retrieved on 2008-05-29
  2. ^ Nuriootpa Sydney Morning Herald - Travel smh.com.au. Retrieved on 2008-05-29
  3. ^ Nuriootpa Postcode Australia Post. Retrieved on 2008-05-29
  4. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/31749868?searchTerm=oakden%20hill%20willis&searchLimits=l-advstate=South+Australia%7CRegister newspaper, 17 March 1838, pp. 3-4.
  5. ^ Programme, Australian Grand Prix Carnival, 2 January 1950, Nuriootpa Road Circuit, South Australia
  6. ^ Howard, Graham. "1950". In Howard, Graham. The Official 50-race history of the Australian Grand Prix. Gordon, NSW: R & T Publishing. pp. 148–157. ISBN 0-9588464-0-5. 
  7. ^ Nuriootpa "Grand Prix" circuit Retrieved from http://www.tasman-series.com on 10 November 2009
  8. ^ Graham Howard, Lex Davison - Larger than life, page 35
  9. ^ "2014 Santos Tour Down Under results, stage 1". VeloNews. Competitor Group, Inc. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Climate statistics for Nuriootpa, SA". Bureau of Meteorology, Australia. Retrieved July 17, 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • H. C. Coombs, Trial Balance: issues of my working life Sun Books, South Melbourne 1981 p. 61
  • A Township Starts to Live Common Cause, Adelaide 1945 (70 pages)