Nurul Izzah Anwar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Nurul Izzah Anwar

نور العزة بنت انور
Nurul Izzah reporters.jpg
Vice-President of People's Justice Party
In office
28 November 2010 – 17 December 2018
PresidentWan Azizah Wan Ismail
Chair of the Consideration of Bills Select Committee
Assumed office
4 December 2018
Preceded byOffice established
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Permatang Pauh
Assumed office
10 May 2018
Preceded byWan Azizah Wan Ismail
Majority15,668 (2018)
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Lembah Pantai
In office
8 March 2008 – 10 May 2018
Preceded byShahrizat Abdul Jalil
Succeeded byFahmi Fadzil
Majority2,895 (2008)
1,847 (2013)
Personal details
Born
Nurul Izzah binti Anwar

(1980-11-19) 19 November 1980 (age 38)
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Political partyPKR
Other political
affiliations
Pakatan Harapan
Spouse(s)Y.M Raja Ahmad Shahrir (m. May 2003 - d. January 2015)
ChildrenY.M Raja Nur Safiyah
Y.M Raja Harith
ParentsAnwar Ibrahim
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Alma materUniversity Tenaga Nasional
Johns Hopkins University
OccupationPolitician
Websitewww.nurulizzah.com

Nurul Izzah binti Anwar (Jawi:نور العزه بنت انور; born 19 November 1980) is a Malaysian politician from a leading political family. Nurul Izzah is a member of the People's Justice Party (PKR) and currently serving as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Permatang Pauh and was the former MP for Lembah Pantai from 8 March 2008 to 10 May 2018. Prior to being an MP, Nurul Izzah was and still is a strong proponent of human and civil rights with a special interest in prisoners of religious prejudice.

On 4 December 2018, Nurul Izzah was elected chair of the Consideration of Bills Select Committee.[1]

Early life[edit]

Nurul Izzah is the daughter of Anwar Ibrahim, former Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia and current President of PKR.[2] Her mother, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, was the outgoing president of the party and current Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia.

Education[edit]

Prior to entering politics, Nurul Izzah earned her master's degree from the School for Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University studying International Relations specializing in Southeast Asia Studies. Her bachelor's degree was in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from the Universiti Tenaga Nasional where she graduated from in 2003, two days after her father, Anwar Ibrahim, was released from six years imprisonment.

Career[edit]

Nurul Izzah's political career began with the creation of the People's Justice Party (KEADILAN or PKR) in 1999 where she played a vital role in its establishment and, up until December 2018, was on her second term as highest ranking Vice President Elect, as well as the party's Election Director – a post she holds jointly with Saifuddin Nasution Ismail (former Party Secretary-General).

On 17 December 2018, Nurul Izzah announced her resignation as the party's vice president as well as chair of its Penang chapter, but retains her post as MP of Permatang Pauh[3].

Nurul Izzah is the founding member for the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement Caucus; and Women's Caucus respectively. She also holds the position of Honorary Treasurer on behalf of the Inter-Parliamentary Union Malaysia. She has also moved the Parliamentary Bill in Malaysia's Parliament to Revoke Emergency Declarations in the country, including the eventual abolishment of the Internal Security Act – all of which were adopted by the Prime Minister six months later. Granted, other laws were then re-introduced, in line with Malaysia's semi-autocratic regime.

Nurul Izzah is also a Board of Director for the Centre of Reform, Democracy and Social Initiatives and has founded Akademi Manusiawi, a training centre for future activists and politicians.

Nurul Izzah has worked with a number of agencies and institutes on advocacy work, among them are the Muslim Youth Movement of Malaysia (ABIM), Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM), Women Leaders International Forum (WLIF) and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES). She has in the past advocated on behalf of Malaysian political prisoners and Malaysian human rights movements at the international level, most noted being an intervention in the main session at the 55th Commission on Human Rights, Geneva.

Nurul Izzah also actively contributes to the Malay publication Sinar – continuously educating the electorate with positive thoughts on reform.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Nurul Izzah married Raja Ahmad Shahrir in 09 May 2003, and has two children together, namely Safiyah and Harith.[5] They were officially divorced by the Syariah High Court in January 2015.[6]

Election[edit]

In the 2008 general election, Nurul Izzah contested the seat of Lembah Pantai in Kuala Lumpur. There was speculation that she ran for the seat with the intention of handing it over to her father, who was disqualified from running for office until April 2008, though she quickly rejected such claims.[2] The seat was defended by three-term incumbent Shahrizat Abdul Jalil, who was Minister for Women, Family and Community Development in the Barisan Nasional government.[2] Initial reports suggested that Shahrizat would retain the seat, as she had been a popular minister, and in the 2004 election retained her seat with a majority of 15,288.[2][7] However, on polling day, Nurul Izzah won 21,728 votes to Shahrizat's 18,833, and was elected as the new MP for Lembah Pantai.[8] The defeat of the powerful three-term incumbent by a new face was one of the many surprises in the 2008 election, which saw significant losses of parliamentary seats by the ruling party.[9] When her father returned to electoral politics he did so by replacing his wife and Nurul Izzah's mother, Wan Azizah, in a by-election for the Penang-based seat of Permatang Pauh.

In November 2010, Nurul Izzah was elected one of the vice-presidents of Parti Keadilan Rakyat.[10] She was narrowly returned to Parliament in the 2013 election. The governing Barisan Nasional coalition had targeted her by fielding the incumbent Federal Territories Minister Raja Nong Chik Zainal Abidin as its candidate against her in a high-profile campaign.[11]

In November 2015, Princess Jacel Kiram and Nurul Izzah posted a photo demanding Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak to free opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim which was received negatively in the media, prompting Nurul Izzah to apologize.[12]

In May 2018, Nurul Izzah contested for the parliamentary seat of Permatang Pauh in Pulau Pinang and won. She is now the new MP for Permatang Pauh.[13][14]

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia[15][16][17][18]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2008 Lembah Pantai Nurul Izzah Anwar (PKR) 21,728 52.62% Shahrizat Abdul Jalil (UMNO) 18,833 45.61% 41,289 2,895 72.88%
Periasamy Nagarathnam (IND) 489 1.18%
2013 Nurul Izzah Anwar (PKR) 31,008 51.39% Raja Nong Chik Zainal Abidin (UMNO) 29,161 48.33% 61,048 1,847 84.30%
Rosli Baba (IND) 167 0.28%
2018 Permatang Pauh Nurul Izzah Anwar (PKR) 35,534 50.89% Zaidi Mohd Said (UMNO) 19,866 28.45% 69,828 15,668 86.18%
Afnan Hamimi Taib Azamudden (PAS) 14,428 20.66%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Six new select committees announced, Anwar heads reforms caucus". Malaysiakini. 4 December 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Anwar's daughter steps into political wilderness, Ahmad Pathoni, Reuters, 28 February 2008
  3. ^ "Nurul Izzah quits as PKR vice president - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  4. ^ Safiyah and Harith. The Star. 15 January 2015.
  5. ^ "Nurul Izzah Anwar". Nurul Izzah Anwar Official website. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
  6. ^ Nazlina, Maizatul. "Nurul and hubby's divorce finalised - Nation | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  7. ^ Shahrizat hails challenge, Joceline Tan, The Star, 13 February 2008
  8. ^ Ki Mae Heussner (10 March 2008). "Shahrizat: Time for BN to do some 'soul-searching'". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 10 March 2008.
  9. ^ From outcast to future Prime Minister?, Jessinta Tan, Today, 10 March 2008
  10. ^ PKR polls results officially announced The Star, 28 November 2010
  11. ^ Emily Ding (6 May 2013). "Nurul Izzah slays second BN giant to keep Lembah Pantai". The Malaysian Insider. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  12. ^ "Malaysian Nurul Izzah apologises for photo with Jacel Kiram". Channel News Asia. 21 November 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  13. ^ "Maklumat Calon dan Kawasan Pilihan Raya P44 PERMATANG PAUH Pulau Pinang". Utusan Online. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  14. ^ "Keputusan PRU-14: Nurul Izzah menang di Parlimen Permatang Pauh". Kosmo! Online. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  15. ^ "13th Malaysian General Election". The Star. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  16. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 6 June 2010. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  17. ^ "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
  18. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen 2013". Election Commission of Malaysia (in Malay). Retrieved 6 May 2013.

External links[edit]