Nusu language

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Native to China
Ethnicity Nu
Native speakers
13,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 nuf
Glottolog nusu1239[2]

Nusu (autonym: nu˧su˧) is a Loloish language spoken by the Nu people of China. There are three dialects: Northern, Southern, and Central. The Central dialect of Miangu is the prestige dialect and is understood fairly well by speakers of other dialects.[1]

Lama (2012) observes a sound change *r- > Ø- from Proto-Loloish as a Nusoish innovation.


The three Nusu dialects are spoken in the following locations (Nusuzu Nusuyu Jianzhi 怒族怒苏语简志 1986).

  • Southern also known as Guoke-Puluo dialect: northern Lushui County 泸水县, in Guoke 果科,[3] Puluo 普洛,[4] Tongping 同坪,[5] Jiajia 加甲[6] (3,000 speakers)
  • Central also known as Zhizhiluo-Laomudeng dialect: southern Fugong County 福贡县, in Pihe 匹河怒族乡,[7] Zhizhiluo 知之罗,[8][9] Laomudeng 老姆登,[10] Miangu 棉古,[11] Shawa 沙瓦,[12] Zileng 子楞[13] (4,000 speakers)
  • Northern also known as Wawa-Kongtong dialect: Fugong County 福贡县, in Wawa 瓦娃,[14][15] Kongtong 空通,[16][17] Youduoluo 有夺洛[18] (2,000 speakers)