Nutbush City Limits

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"Nutbush City Limits"
Ike tina turner-nutbush city limits s 2-1-.jpg
Single by Ike & Tina Turner
from the album Nutbush City Limits
B-side "Help Him"
Released June 1973 (1973-06)
Format 7" single
Recorded Bolic Sound Studio, Inglewood, CA
Genre Funk rock[1]
Length 2:57
Label United Artists
Writer(s) Tina Turner
Producer(s) Ike Turner
Ike & Tina Turner singles chronology
"Early One Morning"
(1973)
"Nutbush City Limits"
(1973)
"Sweet Rhode Island Red"
(1974)
"Nutbush City Limits (Live)"
Tina Turner - Nutbush City Limits (Live).jpg
Single by Tina Turner
from the album Tina Live in Europe
B-side "Overnight Sensation" (live), "Legs" (live)
Released March 16, 1988 (1988-03-16)
Format 7" single / 12" single / CD single
Genre Rock
Length 3:30
Label Capitol
Writer(s) Tina Turner
Producer(s) John Hudson
Tina Turner singles chronology
"Afterglow"
(1987)
"Nutbush City Limits (Live)"
(1988)
"Addicted to Love (Live)"
(1988)
"Nutbush City Limits
(The 90s Version)"
Nutbush91.jpeg
Single by Tina Turner
from the album Simply the Best
B-side "The Best"
Released October 14, 1991 (1991-10-14)
Format 7" single / 12" single / CD single
Genre Dance-pop
Length 3:42
Label Capitol
Writer(s) Tina Turner
Producer(s) Chris "C. J." Mackintosh,
Dave Dorrell
Tina Turner singles chronology
"It Takes Two"
(1990)
"Nutbush City Limits (The 90s Version)"
(1991)
"Way of the World"
(1991)

"Nutbush City Limits" is a semi-autobiographical song written and originally performed by Tina Turner in which she commemorates her rural hometown of Nutbush, Tennessee. Released June 1973, shortly before her separation from then-husband and musical partner Ike Turner, "Nutbush City Limits" was the last hit single the duo would produce together. In the years since, "Nutbush City Limits" has been covered by a number of other artists—most notably Bob Seger and The Silver Bullet Band—and Tina Turner herself has re-recorded several different versions of the song. As an unincorporated rural community, Nutbush does not officially have "city limits"; rather, its boundaries are described by "Nutbush—Unincorporated" signs posted on the local highway.[2]

1973 original version[edit]

The first recording of "Nutbush City Limits" was produced by Ike Turner at his Inglewood, California facility, Bolic Sound Studio, in May 1973 and released as a single the following month by the couple under their professional name, Ike & Tina Turner. Though Ike composed the music, he did not list his name in the credits alongside Tina, who wrote the lyrics.[citation needed] This version is characterized by inventive guitar sounds, a substantial synthesizer solo, and a funky brass section.

The song later appeared on their album of the same title, released November 1973, and proved to be the duo's final significant chart hit, reaching #11 on Billboard Hot Soul Singles, #22 on the Billboard Hot 100, and #4 on the UK Singles Chart.[3][4][5] In Australia, the single peaked at #14, spent 52 weeks in the top 100,[6] and is still a party staple among Generation X and Y where it is accompanied by a dance similar to line dancing. The album also appeared on the Billboard Soul LPs chart, peaking at #21 during its run.[7] Following the couple's split, the song became a staple of Tina's live show where she reworked the funky studio version into a hard-driving rock and roll showstopper.

Typical of the period, none of the session musicians who contributed to "Nutbush City Limits" were given specific mention in the song credits. It has been rumored for years that Marc Bolan, frontman for the glam rock band T. Rex, played guitar on the track.[8] Gloria Jones, his girlfriend at the time—who herself provided backing vocals for Ike & Tina Turner during the 1960s—asserted that this was the case in the 2007 BBC4 documentary Marc Bolan: The Final Word.[verification needed] This claim is bolstered by the fact that Bolan toured the U.S. extensively and resided in the Los Angeles area during the mid-1970s, and is also acknowledged to have played on the Ike & Tina Turner singles "Sexy Ida (Part 2)" and "Baby—Get It On".[citation needed] However, a 2008 Ebony magazine article about Ike Turner's death identified James "Bino" Lewis, then a member of Ike & Tina's backing band Kings of Rhythm, as the guitarist.[9] It has also been suggested that James Lewis is the guitarist on "Baby—Get It On".

1988 live version[edit]

A live recording of "Nutbush City Limits" from Turner's 1986–1987 Break Every Rule Tour was released as the lead single to promote the 1988 double album Tina Live in Europe, but it was in fact a different recording than the one that appeared on the official concert album. While this version did not manage to register much of an impact on any charts, the single is notable for being one of the very first by Turner to be released on compact disc, at that time a relatively new format, in addition to 7" and 3-track 12" vinyl editions.

Both the CD and 12" singles featured a 10-minute 57-second live rendition of ZZ Top's song "Legs" from their 1983 album Eliminator, which was not included on the Tina Live in Europe album. A shorter version of "Legs", recorded during Turner's 1993 What's Love? Tour, would later appear on her 1994 CD box set The Collected Recordings - Sixties to Nineties.

  • "Nutbush City Limits" (live) – 3:30
  • Tina Live in Europe album track – 3:43

1991 remixes[edit]

Turner re-recorded "Nutbush City Limits" in a modern dance style—subtitled "The 90s Version"—for inclusion on her 1991 compilation album Simply the Best. Upon its release as a single, the song peaked at #23 on the UK Singles Chart and was a Top 20 hit in several other European countries. A different rendition, entitled "Nutbush City Limits ('91)", appeared alongside "The 90s Version". This funkier yet more laid-back arrangement is actually the one for which Turner recorded new vocals that were later remixed by producers Chris "C. J." Mackintosh and Dave Dorrell to become "The 90s Version". The 12" single also featured an extended six-minute version of the dance remix, and a limited-release promotional DJ edition from the UK included still another take, "A Little Bit o' Bush". The corresponding music video for "The 90s Version" shows Turner recording the song in studio, intercut with footage of the various landmarks mentioned.

  • "Nutbush City Limits (The 90s Version)" – 3:43
  • "Nutbush City Limits ('91)" – 4:16
  • "Nutbush City Limits (Nutbush City '91)" – 6:00
  • "A Little Bit o' Bush" – 5:01

1993 re-recording[edit]

In 1993, Turner re-recorded the track as a re-working of the original studio arrangement for the What's Love Got to Do with It soundtrack album.

Chart performance[edit]

Weekly charts[edit]

Chart (1973) Peak
position
Australia (Kent Music Report)[6] 14
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[10] 1
Germany (Official German Charts)[11] 2
Ireland (IRMA)[12] 18
Italy (Hit Parade Italia)[13] 5
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[14] 2
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[15] 4
US Billboard Hot 100[16] 22
US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs (Billboard)[17] 11
Chart (1978) Peak
position
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[18] 19
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[19] 12
Chart (1988) Peak
position
Germany (Official German Charts)[20] 45
Chart (1991) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[21] 16
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[22] 25
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[23] 12
Europe (European Hot 100 Singles)[24] 31
Germany (Official German Charts)[11] 25
Ireland (IRMA)[12] 12
Italy (Hit Parade Italia)[13] 11
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[19] 11
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[25] 26
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[26] 12
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[15] 23

Year-end charts[edit]

Chart (1973) Peak
position
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[27] 34
Chart (1974) Peak
position
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[28] 8
Germany (Official German Charts)[29] 21
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[30] 10
Italy (Hit Parade Italia)[31] 31
Chart (1978) Peak
position
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[32] 80
Chart (1991) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[33] 86
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[34] 99
Italy (Hit Parade Italia)[35] 58
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[36] 95

Cover versions[edit]

  • Bob Seger and The Silver Bullet Band recorded "Nutbush City Limits" for their 1975 album Beautiful Loser. It was a mainstay of their concert performances as documented on the Live Bullet album, where they used it for the opening number. The Live Bullet version was released as a promotional single and became a Detroit-area hit.
  • In 1980, Brian Johnson sang "Nutbush City Limits" and "Whole Lotta Rosie" as part of his first audition for the band AC/DC.
  • Alvin Lee and Steve Gould included a version of "Nutbush City Limits" on their 1981 collaboration, RX5.
  • Precious Wilson and La Mama covered the song on their 1983 album Funky Fingers.
  • Sam Brown covered the song on the European release of her 1988 debut album Stop!.
  • A rendition by Bloodloss appeared both on their 1988 album Human Skin Suit and as a B-side on the 1989 single release of "School's Out" by King Snake Roost.
  • The German electronica group Boom Operators, fronted by Harald Blüchel, featured "Nutbush City Limits" on their 1991 album Hu-Man.
  • Martin Barre, guitarist for Jethro Tull, recorded a cover of this song in 1992 for his first solo album, A Summer Band.
  • NWOBHM act Girl recorded a version which appeared on their posthumously released third album Killing Time in 1997.
  • In 2005, the tune was also covered by Nashville Pussy and can be heard on their album Get Some!.
  • On May 15, 2007, American Idol contestant Melinda Doolittle sang the song in her second Top 3 performances; she received excellent marks from all three judges.
  • Pearl Aday performed "Nutbush City Limits" as part of her band's opening set for father Meat Loaf's Casa De Carne tour in 2008.
  • Black Diamond Heavies featured this song as the opening track of their 2009 album A Touch of Someone Else's Class.
  • Australian country singer Nicki Gillis included the song on her 2011 covers album Woman of Substance; she also played it at the end of each show during her 2011 UK concert tour.
  • In 2013, Naya Rivera performed the song as her character Santana Lopez in the fourth season episode "Diva" of the television series Glee.
  • In 2013, Beth Hart and Joe Bonamassa included the song in the album Seesaw (album).
  • The German heavy metal singer Doro included the song on her 2014 covers album "Powerful Passionate Favorites"
  • The Voice UK contestant Beth Morris sang a rendition of the song on week 1 of blind auditions. She successfully made it through to the next stage of the competition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Henry Epps. Great Achievements by African-American Women vol II. Lulu.com. pp. 47–. ISBN 978-1-300-13855-6. 
  2. ^ Machnitzki, Thomas R. (October 11, 2004). "Nutbush, TN 38063 Tina Turner's Childhood Home in Tennessee". Retrieved November 21, 2007.  Photographic documentation of contemporary Nutbush.
  3. ^ Zhito, Lee, ed. (November 3, 1973). "Billboard Hot Soul Singles". Billboard. Los Angeles, CA: Billboard Publications. 85 (44): 30. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 13, 2013.  Listed a total of 15 weeks, entering at #79 the week ending August 25, 1973, and reaching peak position at #11 the week ending November 3, 1973.
  4. ^ Zhito, Lee, ed. (November 17, 1973). "Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Los Angeles, CA: Billboard Publications. 85 (46): 64. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 13, 2013.  Listed a total of 15 weeks, entering at #89 the week ending September 8, 1973, and reaching peak position at #22 the week ending November 17, 1973.
  5. ^ Zhito, Lee, ed. (October 20, 1973). "Billboard Hits of the World: Britain". Billboard. Los Angeles, CA: Billboard Publications. 85 (42): 61. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 13, 2013.  Listed a total of 13 weeks, entering at #47 the week ending September 15, 1973, and reaching peak position at #4 the week ending October 20, 1973, where it remained for two weeks.
  6. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. p. 314. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  7. ^ Zhito, Lee, ed. (February 16, 1974). "Billboard Soul LPs". Billboard. Los Angeles, CA: Billboard Publications. 86 (7): 25. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 13, 2013.  Listed a total of 13 weeks, entering at #49 the week ending December 15, 1973, and reaching peak position at #21 the week ending February 16, 1974.
  8. ^ Lesley-Ann Jones. Ride a White Swan: The Lives and Death of Marc Bolan. pp. 287–288. 
  9. ^ Christian, Margena A. (October 2008). Monroe, Bryan, ed. "The Last Days of Ike Turner". Ebony. Chicago, IL: Johnson Publishing. 63 (12): 94–100. ISSN 0012-9011. Retrieved August 15, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Ike & Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "Tina Turner - Top Titel" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  12. ^ a b "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Nutbush City Limits". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  13. ^ a b "Indice per Interprete: T". Hit Parade Italia. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Ike & Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  15. ^ a b "Tina Turner: Artist Chart History" Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  16. ^ "Ike & Tina Turner – Chart history" Billboard Hot 100 for Ike & Tina Turner. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  17. ^ "Ike & Tina Turner Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Ultratop.be – Ike & Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  19. ^ a b "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 35, 1978" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved September 28, 2015. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "sc_Dutch40_" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  20. ^ "Tina Turner - Top Titel" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  22. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  23. ^ "Ultratop.be – Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  24. ^ "Hits of the World" (PDF). Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. October 26, 1991. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  25. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  26. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Tina Turner – Nutbush City Limits". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
  27. ^ "Top Selling Singles for 1973". Sounds. London, England: Spotlight Publications: 4. 5 January 1974. 
  28. ^ "Jahreshitparade Singles 1974" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  29. ^ "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts 1974" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  30. ^ "Swiss Year-end Charts 1974". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  31. ^ "I singoli più venduti del 1974". Hit Parade Italia. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  32. ^ "Single Top 100 Van 1978" (PDF) (in Dutch). Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  33. ^ Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988-2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing. 
  34. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1991" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  35. ^ "I singoli più venduti del 1991". Hit Parade Italia. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 
  36. ^ "Jaaroverzichten - Single 1991" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved September 28, 2015. 

External links[edit]