Nuthampstead is a small village and civil parish in North East Hertfordshire located a few miles south of the town of Royston. In the 2001 census the parish had 139 residents, increasing to 142 at the 2011 Census.
During the Second World War, RAF Nuthampstead, situated next to the village, was home initially to the 55th Fighter Group and subsequently the 398th Bombardment Group of the U.S. Army Air Forces. This latter unit, the base's primary occupant, flew Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers on missions over occupied Europe.
Known as USAAF Station 131 during the war, and less formally as AAF Nuthampstead, the airfield was constructed by U.S. Army engineer battalions starting in 1942. The site was formerly Scales Park, which was planted with oak trees after the Battle of Trafalgar. These were cleared to make room for the runways, hangars, and other wartime facilities. Visitors to the site will find that the main runways have since been removed, with a grass runway and service roads only remaining to allow the airfield to be used by light aircraft.
In 1968–71 the Commission on the Third London Airport (the "Roskill Commission") considered Nuthampstead as one of its four short-listed sites, along with Cublington, Foulness (later known as Maplin Sands) and Thurleigh.
Areas of the former airfield have been converted into a shooting ground. Since 1992, when planning permission was granted, the ground has developed to enable it to hold major championships in four international shooting disciplines.
The village has a pub/restaurant with bed and breakfast facilities, called The Woodman Outside The Woodman is a large memorial stone dedicated to the 398th squadron <www.398th.org>.
- "Civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- "2001 Census". Retrieved 2007-06-19.
- Roskill (1971). Report, Commission on the Third London Airport. London: HMSO.
- Diamond, Trevor (2 March 2003). "BKY - Barkway VOR/DME". UK Navaids Gallery. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
Media related to Nuthampstead at Wikimedia Commons
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