Nyongbyon County

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Nyŏngbyŏn County

Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl ()
 • Hancha
 • McCune-ReischauerNyŏngbyŏn-gun
 • Revised RomanizationNyeongbyeon-gun (Yeongbyeon-gun)
Location of Nyŏngbyŏn County
CountryNorth Korea
ProvinceNorth P'yŏngan
Administrative divisions1 ŭp, 1 workers' district, 26 ri

Nyŏngbyŏn County (also Ryŏngbyŏn; in standard Southern dialect: Yŏngbyŏn) is a county in North Pyŏngan province, North Korea. It borders the cities of Kaechŏn and Anju, and covers an area of 504 km².


The city was heavily fortified during the 15th century as a result of its strategic position, and during the Josŏn Dynasty, became a famous retreat for the aristocratic ryangban due to its fantastic scenery. The city's Yaksan, meaning medicine mountain, was well known for its beautiful azaleas; the famous modern poet Kim So-wol wrote one of his best-known poems on this subject. Two other mountains, Yaksan-dongdae, east of Yaksan, and Moran Hill are also famous scenic spots. Nyŏngbyŏn also houses many important relics, including the Chŏnju and Soun Buddhist temples, dating from 1345 and 1684 respectively; the Ryuksung Pavilion, famous for "six scenic views" of Nyŏngbyŏn; and the Ch'ŏl'ong Castle, built to protect the city during the Ri Dynasty. The south gate of Nyŏngbyŏn, called Mannomun, is also famous.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Nyŏngbyŏn county is divided into 1 ŭp (town), 1 rodongjagu (workers' district) and 26 ri (villages):

  • Nyŏngbyŏn-ŭp (녕변읍)
  • Pharwŏn-rodongjagu (팔원로동자구)
  • Hacho-ri (하초리)
  • Hwaphyŏng-ri (화평리)
  • Kosŏng-ri (고성리)
  • Kuhang-ri (구항리)
  • Kusan-ri (구산리)
  • Kwanha-ri (관하리)
  • Mangil-ri (망일리)
  • Myŏngdŏk-ri (명덕리)
  • Namdŭng-ri (남등리)
  • Namsan-ri (남산리)
  • Obong-ri (오봉리)
  • Okchang-ri (옥창리)
  • Pongsan-ri (봉산리)
  • Ryongchu-ri (룡추리)
  • Ryonghwa-ri (룡화리)
  • Ryongpho-ri (룡포리)
  • Ryongsŏng-ri (룡성리)
  • Sejuk-ri (세죽리)
  • Sŏha-ri (서하리)
  • Songgang-ri (송강리)
  • Songhwa-ri (송화리)
  • Sŏsan-ri (서산리)
  • Sŏwi-ri (서위리)
  • Taejŏn-ri (대전리)
  • Tongnam-ri (동남리)
  • Yŏnha-ri (연하리)


The Nyŏngbyŏn Nuclear Scientific Research Centre, a major component of the North Korean nuclear program, is located here.


The Chŏngnyŏn Pharwŏn Line of the Korean State Railway passes through Nyŏngbyŏn county.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°50′N 125°45′E / 39.833°N 125.750°E / 39.833; 125.750