|• Chosŏn'gŭl||녕변군 (영변군)|
|• Revised Romanization||Nyeongbyeon-gun (Yeongbyeon-gun)|
|Administrative divisions||1 ŭp, 1 workers' district, 26 ri|
The city was heavily fortified during the 15th century as a result of its strategic position, and during the Josŏn Dynasty, became a famous retreat for the aristocratic ryangban due to its fantastic scenery. The city's Yaksan, meaning medicine mountain, was well known for its beautiful azaleas; the famous modern poet Kim So-wol wrote one of his best-known poems on this subject. Two other mountains, Yaksan-dongdae, east of Yaksan, and Moran Hill are also famous scenic spots. Nyŏngbyŏn also houses many important relics, including the Chŏnju and Soun Buddhist temples, dating from 1345 and 1684 respectively; the Ryuksung Pavilion, famous for "six scenic views" of Nyŏngbyŏn; and the Ch'ŏl'ong Castle, built to protect the city during the Ri Dynasty. The south gate of Nyŏngbyŏn, called Mannomun, is also famous.
The Nyŏngbyŏn Nuclear Scientific Research Centre, a major component of the North Korean nuclear program, is located here.
- Interactive map of Yongbyon site
- North Korea's nuclear facilities by Google Earth
- Map of Nyongbyon, in Korean
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