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Virus classification
Group: Group V ((−)ssRNA)
Order: Mononegavirales
Family: Nyamiviridae

Nyamiviridae is a family of viruses in the order Mononegavirales.[1] Ecdysozoa and birds serve as natural hosts. There are currently five species in this family, divided among three genera.[2]


Family Nyamivirdae: genera, species, and their viruses[1][2]
Genus Species Virus (Abbreviation)
Nyavirus Midway nyavirus Midway virus (MIDWV)
Nyamanini nyavirus* Nyamanini virus (NYMV)
Sierra Nevada nyavirus Sierra Nevada virus (SNVV)
Peropuvirus Pteromalus puparum peropuvirus* Pteromalus puparum negative-strand RNA virus 1 (PpNSRV-1)
Socyvirus Soybean cyst nematode socyvirus* soybean cyst nematode virus 1 (SbCNV-1)

Table legend: "*" denotes type species.


NYMV and MDWV were first isolated in 1957 and 1966 respectively. NYMV has been isolated from cattle egrets (species Bubulcus ibis) and ticks (species Argas walkerae) in Egypt, India, Nigeria, South Africa, and Thailand. MDWV has been isolated from tick of the genus Ornithodoros collected in Midway, Kure and Manana islands and northern Honshu, Japan. Antibodies to this virus have been found in the black-tailed gulls (species Larus crassirostris) and black-crowned night herons (species Nycticorax nycticorax).


Nyamivirions are enveloped, with spherical geometries. Their diameters are around 100 to 130 nm. Nyamiviral genomes are linear, around 11.6 kb in length. The nyamiviral genome codes for six proteins.[3] Of these, only two have been assigned a function: the putative nucleocapsid protein and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase.

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic arrangement Genomic segmentation
Nyavirus Spherical Enveloped Linear Monopartite

Life cycle[edit]

Viral replication is nuclear. Entry into the host cell is achieved by attachment of the viral GP glycoproteins to host receptors, which mediates clathrin-mediated endocytosis. Replication follows the negative stranded RNA virus replication model. Negative stranded RNA virus transcription, using polymerase stuttering is the method of transcription. Ticks and birds serve as the natural host.[3]

Genus Host details Tissue tropism Entry details Release details Replication site Assembly site Transmission
Nyavirus Ticks; birds None Clathrin-mediated endocytosis Budding Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Unknown


  1. ^ a b "ICTV Online (10th) Report Nyamiviridae".
  2. ^ a b Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Bào, Yīmíng; Basler, Christopher F.; Bavari, Sina; Beer, Martin; Bejerman, Nicolás; Blasdell, Kim R.; Bochnowski, Alisa; Briese, Thomas (2017-04-07). "Taxonomy of the order Mononegavirales: update 2017". Archives of Virology. doi:10.1007/s00705-017-3311-7. ISSN 1432-8798. PMID 28389807.
  3. ^ a b "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 13 August 2015.

External links[edit]