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The Nyarubuye massacre is the name given to the killing of an estimated 1,500 civilians on April 15-April 16, 1994 at the Nyarubuye Roman Catholic Church in Kibungo Province, 140 km (87 mi) east of the Rwandan capital Kigali. The victims were Tutsis and Hutu moderates who had sought refuge in the church. Men, women and children were reported to have been killed indiscriminately, with the attackers allegedly using spears, machetes, clubs, hand grenades and automatic weapons. The church and houses of the nuns and priest where the victims took refuge are now home to the Nyarubuye Genocide Memorial Site.
On 3 December 2003 a Rwandan court in Rukira, Kibungo found 18 people guilty of genocide crimes. Gitera Rwamuhizi, a leader of the group responsible for the killings, was sentenced to life imprisonment, and after pleading guilty the sentence was dropped to 25 years. The rest were sentenced to terms ranging from 7 to 16 years.
- "Ghosts of Rwanda" script, Frontline episode initially broadcast on the Public Broadcasting Service on 1 April 2004