Nyatri Tsenpo (Wylie: gnya' khri btsan po "King of the Throne on the Shoulders") was a king of Tibet. He was a legendary progenitor of the so-called "Yarlung dynasty". His reign is said to have begun in 127 BC and in traditional Tibetan history, he was the first ruler of the kingdom. The Dunhuang chronicles report that he is said to have descended from heaven onto the sacred mountain Yarlha Shampo. Due to certain physical peculiarities – his hands were webbed, and his eyelids closed from the bottom and not the top – he was hailed as a god by locals, and they took him as their king.
According to Tibetan mythology, the first Tibetan building, Yungbulakang Palace, was erected for the king. The year of his enthronement marks the first year of the Tibetan calendar; Losar, the Tibetan New Year, is celebrated in his honor. Traditions hold that the first kings were immortal, and would be pulled up to heaven by the cord that had first deposited them on earth. This is what is said to have happened to Nyatri Tsenpo as well.
In Tibetan Nyatri Tsenpo means "Neck-Enthroned King".
- Bsod-nams-rgyal-mtshan (Sa-skya-pa Bla-ma Dam-pa) (1994). The Mirror Illuminating the Royal Genealogies: Tibetan Buddhist Historiography : an Annotated Translation of the XIVth Century Tibetan Chronicle : RGyal-rabs Gsal- Baʼi Me-long. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. pp. 138–. ISBN 978-3-447-03510-1. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
- Yeshe De Project (1986). Ancient Tibet : research materials from the Yeshe de Project. Berkeley, CA, USA: Dharma Publishing. p. 142. ISBN 978-0898001464.
- Swatos, William H. (1990). Time, Place, and Circumstance: Neo-Weberian Studies in Comparative Religious History. Greenwood Press. p. 43. ISBN 0313268924.
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