|Region||Southern Denmark (Syddanmark)|
Nyborg is a city in central Denmark, located in Nyborg Municipality on the island of Funen and with a population of 16,528 (as of 1 January 2014). Nyborg is one of the 14 large municipalities created on 1 January 2007. This change boosted the population of Nyborg Municipality from around 18,000 to 31,009.
Nyborg was first mentioned in 1193 in the history of Denmark as Nyborg Castle, which still exists today, but the town itself was not mentioned before the year 1202. In the 17th century, Nyborg was one of three major, fortified towns in Denmark, together with Fredericia and Copenhagen. Each was placed near an important body of water - in Nyborg's case, the Great Belt (Storebælt). In 1659 the city was captured by the Swedes and relieved by an expeditionary fleet sent by the Dutch, then Denmark's allies, commanded by admiral De Ruyter.
In 1867 the fortress was abolished and the town expanded beyond the ramparts. Much of the town's southern ramparts were destroyed in this process and converted into residential areas. The western and much of the northern ramparts still exist and form the scene of an annual theatre known as Nyborg Voldspil, which is Denmark's oldest outdoor theater.
From 1183 to 1413 it was the gathering place for Danehoffet, which was the country's legislative and judicial assembly. Nyborg is therefore considered Denmark's capital during this period. Christian II of Denmark was born at Nyborg Castle.
In 2005, plans about expanding Nyborg Harbour came to life and Nyborg Harbour, which previously connected Funen to Sealand with the old ferries (until 1996) now contains several large luxury-apartment buildings.
Nyborg church - or Church of Our Lady, which is the real name - was built between 1388–1428 and was dedicated to Jesus' mother, Mary, on the opening during Pentecost 1428.
The church has two organs: the large main organ, built in 1973 by organ builder Poul-Gerhard Andersen and the choir organ from 1830, also called Demant organ after the builder, PUF Demant.
The crucifix is the only piece of inventory in the church, which is preserved from the original layout at the inauguration in 1428. The Gothic crucifix is decorated with small leaves, symbolizing the crucifix as a tree of life.
- Christian II of Denmark (1481–1559) King of Denmark and Norway 1513-1523 and of Sweden 1520-1521
- Christina of Denmark (1521–1590) a Danish princess
- Christoffer Valkendorff (1525 in Glorup Manor – 1601) a Danish statesman and landowner
- Karl Johann von Königsmarck (1659–1686) a Swedish count of Brandenburg extraction and a soldier
- Ole Berendt Suhr (1813–1875) a Danish merchant, investor, landowner and philanthropist.
- Frederik Jensen (1863–1934) a Danish stage and film actor
- Bodil Begtrup (1903-1987) a Danish women's rights activist and diplomat
- Helge Kjærulff-Schmidt (1906–1982) a Danish stage and film actor
- Holger Juul Hansen (1924–2013) a Danish actor
- Søren Skov (born 1954) a Danish former professional football player, about 260 caps
- Bjarne Henriksen (born 1959 in Såderup) a Danish film and television actor
- Elsebeth Egholm (born 1960) a Danish journalist and best-selling author of crime fiction novels
- Søren Huss (born 1975) a Danish singer, songwriter and musician
- Kathrine Heindahl (born 1992) a Danish handball player for HC Odense and the Danish national team
- Søren Toft Hansen (born 1992) a Danish male badminton player
- Frederik Søgaard Mortensen (born 1997) a Danish badminton player
- Unnamed Unknown a Danish alternative/pop rock band, formed in 2009