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Temporal range: M- U Ordovician
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Nautiloidea
Order: Actinocerida
Family: Armenoceratidae
Genus: Nybyoceras
Troedsson (1926)

Nybyoceras is an actinocerid genus assigned to the Armenoceratidae and similar to Armenoceras except for having a siphuncle close to the ventral side of the shell.


As with Armenoceras, Nybyoceras has a medium to large, straight shell.(Teichert 1964) Its primary diagnostic feature is its ventral siphuncle which the septa across obliquely.(Flower 1957,Teichert 1964) Ventrally, the septal necks are short and free, or recumbent for a short distance. Dorsally the brims are definitely recumbent.(Flower 1957) The connecting rings are broadly adnate to the septa ventrally at the posterior ends of the segments and dorsally at the anterior (adoral) ends.(Teichert 1964) Flower (1957) described the canal system within the siphuncle as being primarily of the single arc type, like Armenoceras, and with interconnecing tubes. Teichert (1964) describes the canal system as being reticulate to curved and branching.

Phylogengy and distribution[edit]

Nybyoceras is derived from Wutinoceras according to Flower (1976) although there is a possibility of its being derived from an early Armenoceras (Flower 1968).

Nybyoceras ranges from the Middle Ordovician (Chazyan equivalent) in northeast China to the early Upper Ordovician Cobourg-Eden-Red Stage tn North America, (Flower 1976) and according to Flower (1968, 1976) left no descendant genera. Teichert on the other hand, earlier (1964) indicated that Nybyoceras gave rise to the Ordovician Selkirkoceras and to the Silurian Megadisocosorus.


  • Flower, R.H, 1957, Studies of the Actinoceratida, Memoir 2. New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources
  • Flower, R.H. 1968, The First Great Expansion of the Actinoceroids; Memoir 2, Pt I. ibid
  • Flower, R.H, 1976, Ordovician Cephalopod Faunas and Their Role in Correlation; in The Ordovician System: Palaeontological Association; Bassett, M.G. (Ed)
  • Teichert, C, 1964, Actinoceratoidea, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology,Park K, Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.