- For persons affected by night blindness, see Nyctalopia.
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The Nyctalope is the name of a lesser-known fictional superhero who appears in a book series of novels written by French writer Jean de La Hire, a prolific author of popular adventure series, many of which include science fiction elements. First appearing in 1911, he is the first superhero of the genre, followed by the Japanese Ogon Bat, Superman and Doc Savage in the 1930s, and Batman in 1939.
The Nyctalope possessed enhanced night vision, special color-shifting irises, and an artificial heart. "Nyctalopics" is a term that describes the process of cybernetic adaptation.
Also there is a reference in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne; Chapter 5: "Day and night they watched the surface of the ocean, and even nyctalopes, whose faculty of seeing in the darkness multiplies their chances a hundredfold, would have had enough to do to gain the prize."
The Nyctalope has appeared in several short stories published in the anthology Tales of the Shadowmen and two collections of new stories written by other writers, The Nyctalope Steps In (2011) and Night of the Nyctalope (2012).
- L'Homme Qui Peut Vivre dans l'Eau [The Man Who Could Live Underwater] (1909) (features only Léo's father)
- Le Mystère des XV [The Mystery Of The XV] (1911) (first adventure) (translated into English by Brian Stableford as The Nyctalope on Mars ISBN 978-1-934543-46-7, Black Coat Press)
- Lucifer (1921–22) (translated into English by Brian Stableford as Nyctalope vs Lucifer ISBN 978-1-932983-98-2, Black Coat Press)
- L'Amazone du Mont Everest [The Amazon Of Mount Everest] (1925)
- La Captive du Démon [The Demon's Captive] (1927)
- Titania (1929)
- Belzébuth (1930)
- Gorillard (1932)
- Les Mystères de Lyon [The Mysteries of Lyon] (1933)
- L'Assassinat du Nyctalope [The Assassination of the Nyctalope] (1933) (origin story)(translated into English by Brian Stableford as Enter The Nyctalope ISBN 1-934543-99-3, Black Coat Press)
- Le Sphinx du Maroc [The Moroccan Sphinx] (1934)
- La Croisière du Nyctalope [The Nyctalope's Cruise] (1936)
- Le Mystère de la Croix du Sang [The Mystery of the Cross Of Blood] (1941)
- L'Enfant Perdu [The Lost Child] (1942)(translated into English by Jean-Marc Lofficier & Randy Lofficier and included in The Nyctalope Steps In, ISBN 978-1-61227-028-9, Black Coat Press)
- Le Roi de la Nuit [The King Of The Night] (1943)(translated into English by Brian Stableford and included in The Return of the Nyctalope, ISBN 978-1-61227-211-5, Black Coat Press)
- Rien qu'une Nuit [Only One Night] (1944)(translated into English by Jean-Marc Lofficier & Randy Lofficier and included in Night of the Nyctalope, ISBN 978-1-61227-102-6, Black Coat Press)
- La Sorcière Nue [The Naked Sorceress] (written c. 1940+; publ. 1954)
- L'Énigme du Squelette [The Enigma of the Skeleton] (written c. 1940+; publ. 1955)
- The Return of the Nyctalope (2013; by Jean-Marc Lofficier & Randy Lofficier, ISBN 978-1-61227-211-5, Black Coat Press)
- First volume of this six-issue comic book is planned to be published in English by Titan Books in 2014.