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Leaves of the Parijat plant (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis), Kolkata, India - 20070130.jpg
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Nyctanthes
Type species
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis
  • Pariaticu Adans.
  • Scabrita L.
  • Parilium Gaertn.
  • Omolocarpus Neck.
  • Bruschia Bertol.

Nyctanthes is a genus of flowering plants in the family Oleaceae, native to southeastern Asia. It is currently accepted as containing two species; other species previously included in this genus have been transferred to other genera, most of them to Jasminum.[1][2][3]

They are shrubs or small trees growing to 10 m tall, with flaky bark. The leaves are opposite, simple. The flowers are produced in small clusters of two to seven together. The fruit is a two-parted capsule, with a single seed in each part.[2][4][5]The name Nyctanthes means "night flowering".

  1. Nyctanthes aculeata CraibThailand
  2. Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L. - (Night-flowering Jasmine or "Sad Tree") native to India, Nepal, Bhutan, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Java and Sumatra.


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ a b University of Oxford, Oleaceae information site: Nyctanthes
  3. ^ Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India. Pleione 3: 190-200.
  4. ^ Flora of Pakistan: Nyctanthes
  5. ^ AgroForestry Tree Database: Nyctanthes