Nyctereutes

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Nyctereutes[1]
Tanuki01 960.jpg
Two raccoon dogs
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Subfamily: Caninae
Genus: Nyctereutes
Temminck, 1838[2]
Type species
Canis Viverrinus[2]
Species

N. abdeslami
N. donnezani
Nyctereutes megamastoides
N. procyonoides
Nyctereutes sinensis
Nyctereutes tingi
Nyctereutes vinetorum

Nyctereutes (Greek: nukt "night" + ereutēs "wanderer") is a genus of canid which includes only one extant species, the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides).[1] Nyctereutes first enters the fossil record 5.5 million years ago (Mya) in northern China. It was one of the earliest canines to arrive in the Old World. All but one species became extinct before the Pleistocene.[citation needed]

Taxonomy[edit]

Nyctereutes megamastoides fossil skull

Nyctereutes was named by Temminck (1838). It was assigned to the family Canidae by Carroll (1988)[3] and by Geraads (1997).[4]

Species[edit]

  • Nyctereutes abdeslami 3.6—1.8 Mya (Morocco)[5]
  • Nyctereutes donnezani 9.0—3.4 Mya (Eastern Europe, Spain)
  • Nyctereutes megamastoides (Europe)
  • Nyctereutes procyonoides (Mongolia, Russian Far East, China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam)
  • Nyctereutes sinensis 3.6 Mya—781,000 years ago (Eastern Asia)[6]
  • Nyctereutes tingi
  • Nyctereutes vinetorum
  • Nyctereutes lockwoodi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wozencraft, C. W. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reader, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. 1 (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 582–583. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0.
  2. ^ a b Temminck, C.J. 1838. Tijdschr. Nat. Gesch. Physiol. vol.5 p.285
  3. ^ R. L. Carroll. 1988. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York 1-698
  4. ^ D. Geraads. 1997. Carnivores du Pliocene terminal de Ahl al Oughlam (Casablanca, Maroc). Géobios 30(1):127-164
  5. ^ Paleobiology Database: ''Nyctereutes abdeslami basic info.
  6. ^ Paleobiology Database: ''Nyctereutes sinensis basic info.