Nyctibatrachus

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Nyctibatrachus
Nyctibatrachus spp.jpg
Unidentified Nyctibatrachus from Phanasad Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Nyctibatrachidae
Subfamily: Nyctibatrachinae
Blommers-Schlösser, 1995
Genus: Nyctibatrachus
Boulenger, 1882
Species

Presently 28 to 35, see text

Nyctibatrachus is a genus of frogs endemic to the Western Ghats of southwestern India. Their common name is night frogs.[1][2] Their scientific name also means "night frog", in reference to their habits and dark color. They are the only extant members of the monotypic subfamily Nyctibatrachinae.[3]

Description[edit]

Nyctibatrachus are robust-bodied frogs that range in size from small (snout–vent length <13 mm in Nyctibatrachus robinmoorei)[4] to relatively large (up to 84 mm Nyctibatrachus karnatakaensis). They have a concealed tympanum, dorsum with longitudinal skin folds, femoral glands, and expanded finger and toes disks. They occur near streams in hilly evergreen forests[5] and are nocturnal.[6] Most species have amplexus but Nyctibatrachus humayuni does not; in this species the male moves over the eggs after the female has deposited them.[5]

Species[edit]

There are between 28 and 35 species:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Nyctibatrachus Boulenger, 1882". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Nyctibatrachidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  3. ^ Blommers-Schlösser, Rose M. A. (1993-07-01). "Systematic relationships of the Mantellinae Laurent 1946 (Anura Ranoidea)". Ethology Ecology & Evolution. 5 (2): 199–218. doi:10.1080/08927014.1993.9523105. ISSN 0394-9370.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Garg, Sonali; Suyesh, Robin; Sukesan, Sandeep; Biju, SD (21 February 2017). "Seven new species of Night Frogs (Anura, Nyctibatrachidae) from the Western Ghats Biodiversity Hotspot of India, with remarkably high diversity of diminutive forms". PeerJ. 5. doi:10.7717/peerj.3007. ISSN 2167-8359. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  5. ^ a b Vitt, Laurie J.; Caldwell, Janalee P. (2014). Herpetology: An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles (4th ed.). Academic Press. pp. 509–510.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Biju, S.D., Van Bocxlaer, I., Mahony, S., Dinesh, K.P., Radhakrishnan, C., Zachariah, A., Giri, V., and Bossuyt, F. (2011). "A taxonomic review of the Night Frog genus Nyctibatrachus Boulenger, 1882 in the Western Ghats, India (Anura: Nyctibatrachidae) with description of twelve new species" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3029: 1–96.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Dinesh, K.P., C. Radhakrishnan, A.H. Manjunatha Reddy and K.V. Gururaja (2007). "Nyctibatrachus karnatakaensis nom. nov., a replacement name for the Giant Wrinkled Frog from the Western Ghats" (PDF). Current Science. 93 (2): 246–250.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

External links[edit]