Nyitra County

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This article is about historical Hungarian county. For the region in today's Slovakia, see Nitra Region.
Nyitra County
Nyitra vármegye  (Hungarian)
Comitatus Nitriensis  (Latin)
Komitat Neutra  (German)
Nitrianska župa  (Slovak)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
11th century–1920

Coat of arms of Nyitra

Coat of arms

Location of Nyitra
Capital Nyitra
48°19′N 18°5′E / 48.317°N 18.083°E / 48.317; 18.083Coordinates: 48°19′N 18°5′E / 48.317°N 18.083°E / 48.317; 18.083
History
 •  Established 11th century
 •  Abolished 1920
Area
 •  1910 5,519 km2 (2,131 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 457,455 
Density 82.9 /km2  (214.7 /sq mi)
Today part of  Slovakia
Nitra is the current name of the capital.

Nyitra County (Hungarian: Nyitra vármegye; German: Neutraer Gespanschaft/Komitat Neutra; Latin: Comitatus Nitriensis; Slovak: Nitriansky komitát / Nitrianska stolica / Nitrianska župa) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory lay in what is now western Slovakia.

Geography[edit]

Nyitra County shared borders with the Austrian land Moravia and Trencsén County, Turóc County, Bars County, Komárom County and Pozsony County. In its final phase, it was a strip of land between the Morava river in the north and the town of Érsekújvár (present-day Nové Zámky) in the south, plus an outlier around the town of Privigye (present-day Prievidza). The river Vág (present-day Váh) flowed through the county. Its area was 5519 km² around 1910.

Capitals[edit]

The capital of the county was the Nitra Castle (In Hungarian: nyitrai vár) and since the Late Middle Ages the town of Nyitra (present-day Nitra).

History[edit]

Former county of Nyitra superimposed on map of contemporary Slovakia.

A predecessor to Nyitra county existed as early as in the 9th century at the time of Great Moravia. Around 1000, Nyitra county arose as one of the first comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary. The southern part, including the town Nyitra, was ruled as Uyvar Province between 1663–1685 by Ottoman Empire. The county shortly ceased to exist as a separate administrative unit between 1850 and 1853, when it was split into Upper Nyitra County (including Bánovce (Hungarian: Bán) district from Trencsén County) and Lower Nyitra County (including Oslany (Hungarian: Oszlány) district from Bars County).

After World War I, Nyitra county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia. Nitra county (Nitrianska župa) continued to exist within its original borders until 1923, when it was replaced by so-called "Nitra Great County", officially The County XIV. (Nitrianska). In 1928, Nitra County was abolished like all other counties in Slovakia. During the First Slovak Republic the county was shortly restored (1940-1945), however without southern parts annexed by Hungary in November 1938, as a result of the First Vienna Award.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 428,296 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, the county had a population of 457,455 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

A 19th century map showing Nyitra county

The subdivisions of Nyitra county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Érsekújvár Nagysurány, SK Šurany
Galgóc Galgóc, SK Hlohovec
Miava Miava, SK Myjava
Nagytapolcsány Nagytapolcsány, SK Topoľčany
Nyitra Nyitra, SK Nitra
Nyitrazsámbokrét Nyitrazsámbokrét, SK Žabokreky nad Nitrou
Pöstyén Pöstyén, SK Piešťany
Privigye Privigye, SK Prievidza
Szakolca Holics, SK Holíč
Szenice Szenice, SK Senica
Vágsellye Tornóc, SK Trnovec nad Váhom
Vágújhely Vágújhely, SK Nové Mesto nad Váhom
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Érsekújvár, SK Nové Zámky
Nyitra, SK Nitra
Szakolca, SK Skalica

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.