Nymphaeum (Illyria)

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Nymphaion or Nymphaeum (Greek: Νυμφαῖον or Νύμφαιον or Νυμφαίη) was an ancient Greek colony in Illyria. It was used as a harbour[1][2] by the Syracusian colony of Lissus. It was located three miles away from Lissos.[3] It was mentioned by Pliny the Elder (23 CE – 79), Lucanus[4] (39 AD – 65 AD), Livy (59 BC – AD 17) and Julius Caesar[5] (100 BC - 44 BC). It is now located[6] at modern Shëngjin, Albania.


  1. ^ Charlton T. Lewis
  2. ^ George W. Mooney, Ed.
  3. ^ Greek and Roman oared warships
  4. ^ Luc. Pharsalia 5.720, "Past Lissus' shelter which they vainly sought, till bare to northern blasts, Nymphaeum's port..."
  5. ^ Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt...
  6. ^ Barrington atlas of the Greek and Roman world