|Coordinates: 33°12′21″N 78°38′54″E / 33.2059163°N 78.6483843°ECoordinates: 33°12′21″N 78°38′54″E / 33.2059163°N 78.6483843°E|
|Elevation||4,180 m (13,710 ft)|
|• Official||Lhadakhi, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|2011 census code||901|
Nyoma[a] is a principal village of southern Ladakh in India, the headquarters of an eponymous subdivision, tehsil, community development block and Indian Air Force Base in the Leh district. It is located on the bank of the Indus river after its 90-degree bend near Dungti east of Nyoma and before the valley narrows to a gorge near Mahe northwest of Nyoma. The Nyoma tehsil and subdivision cover all of southern Ladakh, including the Rupshu plains south of Nyoma, the Indus valley of Skakjung north of Nyoma, and the Hanle valley. Nyoma gompa, a Buddhist monastery, is located on the hill slope north of the village.
Location and geography
The Indus river after its entry into Ladakh flows in a southwesterly direction through a wide valley. Afterwards, it takes a 90-degree bend at Dungti blocked by the higher ground of the Chushul valley. The village of Nyoma lies 33 km west of the bend on the right bank (northern bank), where it is also coupled with another neighbouring village Mood (or Mud or Mad). The Indus river here is said to be wide and shallow. It could be easily forded.
Nyoma is located 41 km southeast of Chumathang, and 87 km south of Chushul. Nearby villages are Mahe and Loma. Hanle, the largest village in southern Ladakh, is 80 km to the southeast. Mount Sajum on the border with China is 43 km to the east.
Nyoma tehsil borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China on the south and the east. The southern border runs along the Chumar village in Rupshu and the Imis Pass at the end of the Hanle valley. The eastern border, a Line of Actual Control resulting from the 1962 war with China, runs along the Kailash Range watershed of the Indus river till the village of Dumchele and narrows to the right bank of the Indus river up to Demchok.
The road from Leh runs till the village of Koyul, crossing the Indus river at Loma. From Koyul to Demchok, there is only a rough track. An alternative border road runs between the Koyul Lungpa valley and Demchok via the Umling La pass.
Nyoma is home to an Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) of Indian Air Force that was built in 1962 but remained unutilized. It was reactivated in 2009 when an An-32 landed in this airfield. Now the airbase at Nyoma of the Indian Military is fully operational.
The airbase received the Wildlife Board's forest clearance in 2022 to expand into 508 hectare of land inside Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary. The Government of India announced in January 2023 that this airstrip will be upgraded in two years by the end of 2024 at a cost of Rs.214 crore (US$27 m) to a 1,235 acre full fighter jet airbase at 13,700 feet (4,200 m) elevation with an expanded 2.7 km paved runway with ability to recover airplanes and minor repair facilities. Aeroplanes can land from both directions on this airstrip. Chushul, Fukche & Leh are other nearby airbases & ALG airstrips.
Field Firing Range
Nearby Mahe has Indian Military's "Mahe Field Firing Range" (MFFR) on 1259.25 hectares land inside the Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary. Firing range is 40 to 50 km from the disputed India-China Line of Actual Control. This is the one of its type firing range in the entire Indian-held Ladakh region where all types of weapons can be fired.
Roads infrastructure this area is being enhanced under the India-China Border Roads projects.
Fiber optical cable for internet & telephony
Wildlife clearance was granted in 2022 for laying optical fiber cables in the Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary and Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary for the internet and telephony connectivity.
Since 2010, foreign tourists with Inner Line Permits are permitted to visit Nyoma and its monastery.
The permanent civilian habitations under the administration of the Nyoma Community Development Block (district subdivision) include villages like Nayoma, Hanle, Koyul, Demchok, Tsaga, Mudh, Rongo, Nyedar, etc.
According to the 2011 census of India, Nyoma has 202 households. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 49.94%.
|Children aged below 6 years||125||63||62|
|Main workers (total)||160||100||60|
|Main workers: Cultivators||40||28||12|
|Main workers: Agricultural labourers||6||1||5|
|Main workers: Household industry workers||5||4||1|
|Main workers: Other||109||67||42|
|Marginal workers (total)||185||112||73|
|Marginal workers: Cultivators||13||9||4|
|Marginal workers: Agricultural labourers||119||68||51|
|Marginal workers: Household industry workers||4||0||4|
|Marginal workers: Others||49||35||14|
- ^ a b c Gazetteer of Kashmir and Ladak (1890), p. 624.
- ^ a b New IAF airfield to be reopened in east Ladakh, The Economic Times, 6 April 2009.
- ^ Drew, The Jummoo and Kashmir Territories (1875), p. 313, footnote; p. 316.
- ^ "Blockwise Village Amenity Directory" (PDF). Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- ^ Leh subdivision-blocks.
- ^ Schomberg, R. C. F. (1950), "Expeditionts: The Tso Morari to the Tibetan Frontier at Demchok", Himalayan Journal, XVI (1): 105
- ^ Directions from Chumathang to Nyoma, distancesfrom.com, retrieved 15 November 2020.
- ^ "BRO builds world's highest motorable road in Ladakh at 19,300 feet". Livemint. 2 November 2017. Archived from the original on 2 November 2017.
- ^ "Achievements of West DTE during the F/Y 2016-17" (PDF). Border Roads Organisation. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 November 2017.
- ^ "Eye on India, China raises Tibet military command rank | Central Tibetan Administration". tibet.net. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
- ^ To counter China, Nyoma airfield in Ladakh to be full-fledged base in 2 years, The Tribune, 5 Jan 2023.
- ^ a b "Central wildlife panel approves to upgrade IAF base near LAC in Ladakh". www.business-standard.com. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
- ^ Successive govts have neglected border areas of Ladakh: Nyoma's BDC chair, Economic Times, 24 June 2020.
- ^ a b "Leh district census". 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- Gazetteer of Kashmir and Ladak, Calcutta: Superintendent of Government Printing, 1890
- Drew, Frederic (1875), The Jummoo and Kashmir Territories: A Geographical Account, E. Stanford – via archive.org
Media related to Nyoma at Wikimedia Commons