Nyuksensky District

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Nyuksensky District
Нюксенский район (Russian)
Location of Nyuksensky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location of Nyuksensky District in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 60°25′N 44°14′E / 60.417°N 44.233°E / 60.417; 44.233Coordinates: 60°25′N 44°14′E / 60.417°N 44.233°E / 60.417; 44.233
Coat of Arms of Nyuksensky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Flag of Nyuksensky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat of arms of Nyuksensky District
Flag of Nyuksensky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of March 2010)
Administrative center selo of Nyuksenitsa[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
selsoviet 11
Inhabited localities:[2]
Rural localities 138
Municipal structure (as of June 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Nyuksensky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 4
Statistics
Area 5,167.42 km2 (1,995.15 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 9,777 inhabitants[5]
• Urban 0%
• Rural 100%
Density 1.89/km2 (4.9/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established June 10, 1924[8]
Official website
Nyuksensky District on WikiCommons

Nyuksensky District (Russian: Ню́ксенский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Ustyansky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast in the north, Velikoustyugsky District in the east, Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky District in the southeast, Babushkinsky District in the south, Totemsky District in the southwest, and with Tarnogsky District in the west. The area of the district is 5,167.42 square kilometers (1,995.15 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Nyuksenitsa.[2] District's population: 9,777 (2010 Census);[5] 11,714 (2002 Census);[9] 13,287 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Nyuksenitsa accounts for 43.7% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The district is located on both banks of the Sukhona River. It is elongated from north to south and divided by the Sukhona roughly into two equal parts. The major part of the district belongs to the basin of the Sukhona and two of its tributaries: the Uftyuga (left) and the Gorodishna (right). The rivers in the north of the district drain into the Ustya River basin and thus into the basin of the Vaga, a major tributary of the Northern Dvina. Some rivers in the southeast of the district drain into the Kichmenga and the Sharzhenga, left tributaries of the Yug River. The whole district belongs to the basin of the Northern Dvina.

The district is almost completely covered by coniferous forests (taiga). The exception are the meadows in the floodplains.

History[edit]

The area was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples and then colonized by the Novgorod Republic (Totma) and Vladimir-Suzdal Principality (Veliky Ustyug). The Novgorod merchants used the Sukhona River as one of the main waterways leading to the White Sea and the Pechora. After the fall of Novgorod, the area became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The village of Bobrovy Yam (currently Bobrovskoye) was mentioned in the chronicles in 1425.[4] Nyuksenitsa was first mentioned in 1619.[11]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Archangelgorod Governorate. In 1780, the governorate was abolished and transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty. The latter was abolished in 1796, and the part of it which included Nyuksenitsa became Vologda Governorate. It was included into Velikoustyugsky Uyezd. In 1918, the area was transferred to the newly established Northern Dvina Governorate, and in 1924 the uyezds were abolished in favor of the new divisions, the districts (raions).

Nyuksensky District was established on June 10, 1924 and included areas of former Solvychegodsky and Velikoustyugsky Uyezds. On February 27, 1928, it was renamed Sukhonsky District. In 1929, Northern Dvina Governorate was merged into Northern Krai, and Kokshengsky District was established. On July 30, 1931, Sukhonsky and Kokshengsky Districts were merged, and Nyuksensky District was re-established, with the administrative center located in Nyuksenitsa. In 1935, Tarnogsky District was split off from Nyuksensky District.[8] In 1936, Northern Krai was transformed into Northern Oblast, and in 1937, Northern Oblast itself was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast. Nyuksensky District remained in Vologda Oblast ever since.

Administrative and municipal divisions[edit]

Rural settlements of Nyuksensky Municipal District (Russian)

Administratively, the district is divided into eleven selsoviets.[2] Municipally, the district is incorporated as Nyuksensky Municipal District and is divided into four rural settlements.[3] The municipal district includes all of the inhabited localities of the administrative district, with the exception of the settlement of Ilezka,[2] which is municipally a part of Babushkinsky District.[3]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The economy of the district is based on timber production. There is some food industry present, including a milk factory in Nyuksenitsa.[12]

Agriculture[edit]

There is cattle farming in the district, which is still in crisis after the fall in the 1990s.[12] The area of the agricultural areas in the district is 313 square kilometers (121 sq mi). Another 5,106 square kilometers (1,971 sq mi) are hunting grounds.[4][contradictory]

Transportation[edit]

Nyuksenitsa stands on the road connecting Vologda and Veliky Ustyug, and in Nyuksenitsa the road moves over the bridge from the left bank to the right bank of the Sukhona. Another paved road branches off in Nyuksenitsa northwest to Tarnogsky Gorodok and further to Oktyabrsky in Arkhangelsk Oblast. There is regular passenger bus service on both roads.

The Sukhona is navigable within the district; however, there is no passenger navigation.

Nyuksenitsa has an oil-pumping station in the Baltic Pipeline System.[12]

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains 130 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local importance.[13] Most of these are wooden farms and churches built prior to 1917.

The only state museum in the district is the Nyuksenitsa Regional Museum, located in Nyuksenitsa.[14]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #371-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d e Resolution #178
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #1120-OZ
  4. ^ a b c d Паспорт Нюксенского муниципального района (in Russian). Администрация Нюксенского муниципального района. Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Нюксенский район (in Russian). Культура в Вологодской области. Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c Паспорт Нюксенского муниципального района, стр.2 (in Russian). Администрация Нюксенского муниципального района. Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  13. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  14. ^ Нюксенский районный краеведческий музей (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved September 1, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1120-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Нюксенского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1120-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Nyuksensky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).