Nyumba ya Mungu Dam

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Nyumba ya Mungu Dam
Nyumba ya Mungu Reservoir + Kilimandscharo.jpg
Nyumba ya Mungu Dam is located in Tanzania
Nyumba ya Mungu Dam
Map of Tanzania showing the location of Nyumba ya Mungu Dam
Official name Pangani Hydro Systems
Location Mwanga District, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania
Coordinates 03°49′33.0″S 37°28′9.6″E / 3.825833°S 37.469333°E / -3.825833; 37.469333Coordinates: 03°49′33.0″S 37°28′9.6″E / 3.825833°S 37.469333°E / -3.825833; 37.469333
Construction began 1967
Opening date 1969
Owner(s) TANESCO
Dam and spillways
Impounds Pangani River
Height 43m
Spillway type Earth and Rock Fill
Reservoir
Total capacity 600×10^6 m3 (490,000 acre·ft)
Catchment area 7,668 km2 (2,961 sq mi)
Power station
Operator(s) Tanesco
Commission date 1969
Turbines 2x4
Installed capacity 8 MW (11,000 hp)

Nyumba ya Mungu Dam is a hydroelectric dam in Tanzania. It is in Mwanga District, Kilimanjaro Region. The water runs down the slopes of Kilimanjaro in the deep valleys. These streams pour their water into the Nyumba ya Mungu Reservoir. Nyumba ya Mungu means 'House of God'.[1] Its installed capacity is 8 megawatts (11,000 hp).[2]

Visitors can enjoy boating, fishing, swimming and walking around the dam to enjoy the spectacular views.

Overview[edit]

Reservoir[edit]

Nyumba ya Mungu is a man made lake in the Kilimanjaro region. The reservoir is situated in the Pangani River Valley of the Masai Steppe, about 50 km south of Moshi. It is fed by two major inflows, the rivers Kikuletwa and Ruvu which drain some 7,500 square kilometres (2,900 sq mi) of catchment consisting of wooded grassland, forest, true desert, and alpine desert.[3]

It was constructed for the purposes of irrigation, hydro-electric power and to start a local fishing industry. The reservoir was completed in December 1965 however the irrigation scheme had not yet been developed. The plan was to build a dam that would have served the purpose of storing flood flow, which would allow the development of some 30,000 acres of irrigated farming and generation of electricity power.[4]

By 1970 the lake had a thriving Tilapia fishery production. However, this did not last long and subsequent reports from 1972 and 1973 showed a major decline in fish product.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Is 'Nyumba-Ya-Mungu' Dam No Longer the 'House of God?'". Tanzania Daily News. AllAfrica. 18 June 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  2. ^ [PANGANI BASIN WATER BOARD (January 2009). PANGANI RIVER BASIN FLOW ASSESSMENT (PDF) (Report). PANGANI BASIN WATER BOARD. Retrieved 27 July 2015.  "Pangani Hydro Systems"] Check |url= value (help) (PDF). Tanzania Electric Supply Company. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  3. ^ PANGANI BASIN WATER BOARD (January 2009). PANGANI RIVER BASIN FLOW ASSESSMENT (PDF) (Report). PANGANI BASIN WATER BOARD. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Denny, Patrick (14 January 2008). "Nyumba ya Mungu reservoir, Tanzania: The general features". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 10 (1): 5–28. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.1978.tb00002.x. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 

External links[edit]