O'Hare, Chicago

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
O'Hare
Community Area 76 - O'Hare
The Triangle Plaza corporate complex
The Triangle Plaza corporate complex
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 42°00.0′N 87°55.2′W / 42.0000°N 87.9200°W / 42.0000; -87.9200Coordinates: 42°00.0′N 87°55.2′W / 42.0000°N 87.9200°W / 42.0000; -87.9200
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
DuPage
CityChicago
Neighborhoods
Population
 • Estimate 
(2015)
13,695[1]
Demographics (2015)[1]
 • White75.33%
 • Black0.77%
 • Hispanic8.48%
 • Asian10.86%
 • Other4.47%
Educational Attainment 2015[2]
 • High School Diploma or Higher86.2%
 • Bachelor's Degree or Higher32.2%
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
60656 and 60666
Median income$46,638[1]
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

O'Hare, located on the far northwest side of Chicago, Illinois, is one of the city's 77 semi-official community areas. O'Hare International Airport is located within the boundaries of this community area. This community area is the only one that extends outside Cook County; the western edge (an area comprising the southwest part of the airport) is in DuPage County.

The area is a transportation hub containing O'Hare International Airport as well as major roads such as Interstate 90, its auxiliary Interstate 190, Interstate 294, Illinois Route 72, Illinois Route 171, U.S. Route 12 and U.S. Route 45. This allows the O'Hare neighborhood, combined with the nearby suburb of Rosemont, to work as an edge city.

History[edit]

In the Second Treaty of Prairie du Chien, Alexander Robinson was given two square miles of land in what is now the O'Hare community area as a reward for shielding white settlers during Battle of Fort Dearborn. The land was slowly settled over the remainder of the nineteenth century despite the opening of a railroad depot in 1887. During World War II, the Douglas Aircraft Company produced cargo planes in the area. After the war, the facility became a commercial airport that the City of Chicago eventually developed into O'Hare International Airport.[3] In response to the annexation, the University of Chicago revised its map of official community areas to add O'Hare as the 76th area. It is one of only two revisions to occur since the late 1920s.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960311
19706,2301,903.2%
198011,07377.7%
199011,2141.3%
200011,9406.5%
201012,7566.8%
Est. 201513,6957.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[1][5]

According to an analysis by the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning, the area had 14,329 residents comprising 6,221 households as of June 2016. The racial makeup of the area was 73.6% white, 1.1% African American, 9.6% Asian American and 4.1% were either American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian-Pacific Islander or some other race. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race were 11.7% of the population.[1]

22.6% were under the age of 19 years, 25.8% were age 20 years to age 34 years, 22.2% were age 35 years to age 49 years, 17.5% were age 50 years to age 64 years and 11.9% were 65 years or older.[1]

The median household income was $43,702 compared to a median income of $47,831 for Chicago at-large. The area had an Income distribution in which 30.9% of households earned less than $25,000 annually; 23.3% of households earned between $25,000 and $49,999; 19.7% of households earned between $50,000 and $74,999; 14.9% of households earned between $75,000 and $99,999; 7.6% of households earned between $100,000 and $149,999 and 3.6% of households earned more than $150,000. This was a less equitable distribution than Chicago-at large which had a distribution of 28.8%, 22.8%, 16.1%, 10.7%, 11.3% and 10.3%.[1]

Economy[edit]

The corporate headquarters of Bally Total Fitness, Independent Grocers Alliance, Lafarge North America, True Value and U.S. Cellular are located in the O'Hare area.[6][7] The Consulate-General of the Dominican Republic, which is responsible for facilitating trade between the Dominican Republic and the United States is located at 8700 West Bryn Mawr Avenue.[6] Nippon Cargo Airlines and Suzlon Energy have their American headquarters in the O'Hare community area.[8][9] O'Hare was home to the headquarters of Wilson Sporting Goods until 2016, when the company chose to move to One Prudential Plaza.[10]

The top five employing industry sectors in O'Hare are transportation (57.7%), accommodation and food (7.5%), information (5.9%), professional (5.7%) and administration (5.4%). Over two thirds of these workers come from outside of Chicago.[1] The top five employing industry sectors of community residents are healthcare (12.1%), retail trade (9.3%), accommodation and food service (8.6%), manufacturing (8.5%) and professional (8.0%).[1]

The O'Hare area is home to Joseph Grendys, the billionaire owner of Koch Foods which is headquartered in the neighboring suburb of Rosemont, Illinois.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Transportation in the area is centered on access to the airport. The O'Hare Transfer station is on the Metra North Central Service. The Blue Line runs through this area connecting the airport to downtown. Accessibility to people not going to or coming from the airport is at the neighborhood's Cumberland Avenue station or the nearby Rosemont-River Road station.

Education[edit]

The O'Hare area is part of City of Chicago School District #299 and City Colleges of Chicago District #508. For the residential areas, the zoned K-8 school is Everett McKinley Dirksen School,[12] while William Howard Taft High School serves as the high school.[13] The nearest City Colleges campus is Wilbur Wright College in neighboring Dunning. The O'Hare neighborhood is also home to a DePaul University satellite campus.[14]

Politics[edit]

The O'Hare community area is located in two wards: The area north of Lawrence Avenue is in the 41st ward and the area to the south is in the 38th ward.[15][16] They are represented on the Chicago City Council by Anthony Napolitano and Nicholas Sposato respectively.

In the United States House of Representatives, the O'Hare community area is divided between Illinois's 5th and Illinois's 9th congressional districts, represented by Democrats Mike Quigley and Jan Schakowsky respectively. The area is similarly divided in the state legislature. It is represented by Democrats John G. Mulroe and Laura Murphy in the Illinois Senate and by Democrat Marty Moylan and Republican Michael P. McAuliffe in the Illinois House of Representatives.

In the 2016 presidential election, the O'Hare area cast 2,300 votes for Hillary Clinton, 1,966 votes Donald Trump, 112 votes for Gary Johnson and 62 votes for Jill Stein.[17] In the 2012 presidential election, the O'Hare area cast 2,241 votes for Barack Obama and 1,769 votes for Mitt Romney.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Community Demographic Snapshot: Austin" (PDF). Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning. June 2016. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  2. ^ "Community Data Snapshot Near North Side" (PDF). Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  3. ^ Seligman, Amanda (2005). "O'Hare". In Reiff, Janice L.; Durkin Keating, Ann; Grossman, James R. Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago History Museum. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
  4. ^ "Spatially Referenced Census Data for the City of Chicago: Sources Available at or through the University of Chicago Library". University of Chicago Library. 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  5. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Chicago Community Areas Historical Data. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
  6. ^ a b Laffey, Mary Lu (May 7, 2010). "For people on the go: O'Hare is close to nature and the airport". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  7. ^ Area Development News Desk (April 19, 2012). "Lafarge North America Relocating its US Headquarters From Virginia to Illinois". Chicago Tribune. Westbury, New York. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  8. ^ "North America Contact Us – Suzlon". www.Suzlon.com. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  9. ^ "America." Nippon Cargo Airlines. Retrieved on February 17, 2012. "663 North Access Road, O'Hare International Airport, Chicago, IL 60666, U.S.A."
  10. ^ Koziarz, Jay (September 20, 2016). "Wilson Sporting Goods announces move to Chicago's One Prudential Plaza". Curbed. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
  11. ^ Rodkin, Dennis (October 5, 2015). "Chicago billionaires all live in swanky homes, right? Wrong". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved September 4, 2017.
  12. ^ "Elem North". Chicago Public Schools. 2013. Retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  13. ^ "HS North/Near North". Chicago Public Schools. 2013. Retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  14. ^ Wilson, Marie (August 31, 2016). "DePaul's Naperville campus to close next summer". Daily Herald. Arlington Heights, Illinois. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
  15. ^ 41st Ward: 47 election precincts (PDF) (Map). City of Chicago. 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  16. ^ 38th Ward: 41 election precincts (PDF) (Map). City of Chicago. 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  17. ^ Ali, Tanveer (November 9, 2016). "How Every Chicago Neighborhood Voted In The 2016 Presidential Election". Chicago, Illinois: DNAinfo.com. Archived from the original on March 17, 2017. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
  18. ^ Ali, Tanveer (November 9, 2016). "How Every Chicago Neighborhood Voted In The 2016 Presidential Election". Chicago, Illinois: DNAinfo.com. Archived from the original on March 17, 2017. Retrieved March 16, 2017.

External links[edit]