O. P. Nayyar

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O. P. Nayyar
OP Nayyar 2013 stamp of India.jpg
Nayyar on a 2013 stamp of India
Background information
Native name
ओंकार प्रसाद नैय्यर
Born(1926-01-16)16 January 1926
Lahore, Punjab, British India
Died28 January 2007(2007-01-28) (aged 81)
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
GenresFilm score
Occupation(s)Singer, record producer, music director
InstrumentsPiano, Dholak, Keyboard, Drums
Years active1951–1995

Omkar Prasad Nayyar (16 January 1926 – 28 January 2007) was an Indian film music composer, singer-songwriter, music producer, and musician. He is considered to be one of the most rhythmic and melodious music directors of the Hindi film industry.[1] He won the 1958 Filmfare Award for Best Music Director (for Naya Daur). Nayyar worked extensively with singers Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle and Mohammed Rafi, Shamshad Begum, Mahendra Kapoor, and Kishore Kumar. Based on a Bengali language work by Rabindranath Tagore, Nayyar composed "Chal Akelaa, Chal Akelaa" (sung by Mukesh in 1969 film Sambandh). The song became an enormous hit and the movie celebrated a jubilee at Bombay's Maratha Mandir.


Major Accomplishments

Nayyar produced songs with Shamshad Begum in "Aar Paar ", such as Kabhi Aar kabhi paar, which are still popular after over 60 years. Some of the most beautiful and talented actresses that Nayyar worked with include Madhubala, Vyjayanthimala, Mala Sinha, [[Padmini], Asha Parekh, Sharmila Tagore , Mumtaz, Nutan, Tanuja, Meena Kumari, Rajshree, and Rekha. Nayyar and Bhosle parted ways in 1974, and he then worked with Dilraj Kaur, Alka Yagnik, Krishna Kale, Vani Jayaram and Kavita Krishanmurthy.[2] O.P.Nayyar composed phenomenal songs for all the major and well known Indian actors, such as Dilip Kumar, Dev Anand, Raj Kapoor, Ashok Kumar, Shammi Kapoor, Dharmendra, Manoj Kumar, Bharat Bhushan, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar and many many others, including Salman Khan and the amazing producer, director, actor Guru Dutt. Sahir Ludhianvi wrote the lyrics for three of Nayyar's earlier films such as "Naya Daur" Bade Sarkar and Sone ki Chidya. Nayyar also worked with developing lyricists such as Jan Nisar Akhtar, Qamar Jalalabadi, S. H. Bihari , Ahmed Wasi, Anjaan, Aziz Kashmiri. By far Majrooh Sultanpuri was the most successful and long lasting lyricist for O.P.Nayyar. They had a magical connection which ended in Phir Whi Dil Laya Hoon.

Nayyar wrote "Yeh Desh Hai Veer Jawaanonkaa" (featuring Dilip Kumar and Ajit) for Naya Daur (1957). The song earned him the 1958 Filmfare Best Music Director Award. The last Nayyar song performed by Bhosle was "Chain Se Humko Kabhi" in Pran Jaye Par Vachan Na Jaye (1973), disappeared in the film's final cut but won Bhosle the 1975 Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer. In addition to Hindi films, Nayyar composed for Neerajanam in Telugu, which became a major hit in Telugu films.. He made a brief comeback during the 1990s with Mangni and Nishchay in 1992 and Zid in 1994. O.P. Nayyar played a major part in shaping Asha's career but Asha rarely mentioned it after her split with him.

Early life and career[edit]

Nayyar was born in Lahore, British India (present Pakistan). He then underwent music training. He composed the background score for Kaneez (1949), and 1952's Aasmaan (produced by Dalsukh M. Pancholi), was his first film as music director. Film producer, director and actor Guru Dutt enlisted him to compose and conduct music for Aar Paar (1954), Mr. & Mrs. '55 (1955) C.I.D. (1956) , 12 o"clock in (1958) and Baharen Phir bhi Aayenge in (1966). Nayyar's early work was primarily performed by Shamshad Begum, Geeta Dutt and Mohammed Rafi, with Asha Bhosle introduced in Mangu in 1956.

In 1957 Filmalaya introduced Nasir Hussain, who wanted a composer to provide romantic scores for newcomers Shammi Kapoor and Ameeta. Nayyar's scores were featured in the Hussain films Tumsa Nahin Dekha (1957) and Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon (1964). During the decade, state-controlled All India Radio banned most of Nayyar's songs because the broadcaster considered them too "trendy".[3]

Personal life[edit]

In retirement Nayyar stayed in touch with only a few people, including Gajendra Singh and Ahmed Wasi; Singh included him as a judge for his television show, Sa Re Ga Ma Pa. Wasi interviewed Nayyar twice on Vividh Bharati and presented a series of six one-hour episodes, Mujhe Yaad Sab Hai Zaraa Zaraa, about his life.

He had two brothers: P. P. (a physician) and G. P. (a retired army dentist in Secunderabad,who passed away in 2010). Nayyar's wife, Saroj Mohini Nayyar, wrote the lyrics to "Preetam Aan Milo" (originally sung by C H Atma in 1945 which was used later in the film "Mr & Mrs Fifty Five" by Geeta Roy / Geeta Dutt). Estranged from his family, he requested that they be barred from his funeral. Nayyar had moved out of his Mumbai home, staying with a friend in Virar and then with a friend in Thane. He died on 28 January 2007, survived by his wife, three daughters and a son. Nayyar's death was followed by tributes from many Bollywood figures, including Lata Mangeshkar, Sharmila Tagore, Mumtaz, Mahesh Bhatt, Khayyam, Shakti Samanta, Sonu Nigam, Ravindra Jain, Anu Malik, B R Chopra and Shammi Kapoor. A commemorative stamp was issued by India Post on 3 May 2013.His granddaughter Niharica Raizada is also an actress and a physician.[4][5]

Filmography[edit]

Albums[edit]

  • The Best Of O. P. Nayyar Vol. 1 to Vol. 6
  • Parichay – Introduction To India's Musical Geniuses (O. P. Nayyar)|Parichay – Introduction To India's Musical Geniuses
  • OP Nayyar-Penaz Masani – Dekho Mohabbat Ka Dastoor
  • OP Nayyar-Penaz Masani – Jaane Do (1990)
  • OP Nayyar-Ashok Khosla – Naye Kapde Badlkar
  • OP Nayyar-Ashok Khosla – Ajnabi Shehar Mein
  • OP Nayyar-Runa Laila – Allah Ne Is Dil Ne
  • OP Nayyar-Runa Laila – Kehdo Is Raat Se
  • OP Nayyar-Runa Laila – Wadiyan Wadiyan
  • Golden Collection – O. P. Nayyar (compilation)
  • O. P. Nayyar, Asha Bhosle – Sunheri Yaadein

References[edit]

  1. ^ O.P.Nayyar – The Rhythm King – Hindi Film Music – Profiles. Cinema Sangeet (16 January 1926). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. ^ "The stubborn note of O P Nayyar", Rediff.com, 4 February 2003, archived from the original on 18 May 2012, retrieved 29 January 2016
  3. ^ O.P.Nayyar’s immortal relationship with Mohammad Rafi | Rafians tribute to a true Maestro – Mohd Rafi. Mohdrafi.com (12 August 2007). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  4. ^ Lohana, Avinash (17 January 2017) Warrior Savitri: OP Nayyar's granddaughter Niharica to act in a comedy film. Times of India.
  5. ^ Musician O P Nayyar's cardiologist grand-daughter Niharica Raizada in an item number – Indian Express. Archive.indianexpress.com (5 March 2013). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.

External links[edit]