National Security Agency surveillance
OAKSTAR is an umbrella program involving surveillance of telecommunications. It falls under the category of "Upstream collection", meaning that data is pulled directly from fiber-optic cables and top-level communications infrastructure. Upstream collection programs allow access to very high volumes of data, and most of the pre-selection is done by the providers themselves, before the data is passed on to the NSA.
|Designation||Covername||Legal AuthoritySee Note||Key Targets||Type of Information collected||Remarks|
|US-3206 (PDDG:6T)||MONKEYROCKET||Executive Order 12333||Counterterrorism in the Middle East, Europe, and Asia||DNI metadata and content||"Foreign access point," was expected to go online in spring 2012|
|US-3217 (PDDG:MU)||SHIFTINGSHADOW||Afghanistan communications: MTN Afghanistan, Roshan GSM Network, AWCC||DNR metadata and voice; "Timing Advances" and geolocation||"Foreign access point"|
|US-3230 (PDDG:0B)||ORANGECRUSH||"To be determined"||Voice, fax, DNI, DNR, and metadata||"Foreign access point through PRIMECANE, and 3rd party partner", not online as of the time of source presentation.|
|US-3247 (PDDG:PJ)||YACHTSHOP||Worldwide DNI Metadata||Worldwide DNI Metadata||"Access through BLUEANCHOR partner," contributor to MARINA|
|US-3273 (PDDG:SK)||SILVERZEPHYR||Transit Authority and FAA||South, Central and Latin America||DNR Metadata, voice and fax; DNI content and metadata||"Network access point through STEELKNIGHT partner"|
- DNI: Digital Network Intelligence
- DNR: Dial Number Recognition 
- MARINA: An NSA Database of Internet metadata
- Timing advances: no explanation has been provided in the source material.
- Transit Authority: A legal authority that states communications that transit the United States are collectible, provided that both endpoints are foreign.
Media Relating to OAKSTAR and Upstream Collection
- Fantástico (September 8, 2013). "NSA Documents Show United States Spied Brazilian Oil Giant". Fantástico. O Globo. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- The Washington Post (June 6, 2013). "NSA slides explain the PRISM data-collection program". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- Craig Timberg, Barton Gellman (August 30, 2013). "NSA paying U.S. companies for access to communications networks". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- Kevin Drum (June 8, 2013). "Map of the Day: Who the NSA Listens To". Mother Jones. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- Ellen Nakashima (July 31, 2013). "Newly declassified documents on phone records program released". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- Barton Gellman (June 16, 2013). "U.S. surveillance architecture includes collection of revealing Internet, phone metadata". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014. Retrieved March 23, 2014.