National Security Agency surveillance
OAKSTAR is an umbrella program involving surveillance of telecommunications, it falls under the category of "Upstream collection", meaning that data is pulled directly from fiber-optic cables and top-level communications infrastructure. Upstream collection programs allow access to very high volumes of data, and most of the pre-selection is done by the providers themselves, before the data is passed on to the NSA.
|Designation||Covername||Legal AuthoritySee Note||Key Targets||Type of Information collected||Remarks|
|US-3206 (PDDG:6T)||MONKEYROCKET||Executive Order 12333||Counterterrorism in the Middle East, Europe, and Asia||DNI metadata and content||"Foreign access point," was expected to go online in spring 2012|
|US-3217 (PDDG:MU)||SHIFTINGSHADOW||Afghanistan communications: MTN Afghanistan, Roshan GSM Network, AWCC||DNR metadata and voice; "Timing Advances" and geolocation||"Foreign access point"|
|US-3230 (PDDG:0B)||ORANGECRUSH||"To be determined"||Voice, fax, DNI, DNR, and metadata||"Foreign access point through PRIMECANE, and 3rd party partner", not online as of the time of source presentation.|
|US-3247 (PDDG:PJ)||YACHTSHOP||Worldwide DNI Metadata||Worldwide DNI Metadata||"Access through BLUEANCHOR partner," contributor to MARINA|
|US-3273 (PDDG:SK)||SILVERZEPHYR||Transit Authority and FAA||South, Central and Latin America||DNR Metadata, voice and fax; DNI content and metadata||"Network access point through STEELKNIGHT partner"|
- DNI: Digital Network Intelligence
- DNR: Dial Number Recognition 
- MARINA: An NSA Database of Internet metadata
- Timing advances: no explanation has been provided in the source material.
- Transit Authority: A legal authority that states communications that transit the United States are collectible, provided that both endpoints are foreign.
Media Relating to OAKSTAR and Upstream Collection
- Fantástico (2013-09-08). "NSA Documents Show United States Spied Brazilian Oil Giant". Fantástico. O Globo. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- The Washington Post (2013-06-06). "NSA slides explain the PRISM data-collection program". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- Craig Timberg, Barton Gellman (2013-08-30). "NSA paying U.S. companies for access to communications networks". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- Kevin Drum (2013-06-08). "Map of the Day: Who the NSA Listens To". Mother Jones. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- Ellen Nakashima (2013-07-31). "Newly declassified documents on phone records program released". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- Barton Gellman (2013-06-16). "U.S. surveillance architecture includes collection of revealing Internet, phone metadata". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2014-03-23.