OFF (file format)

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OFF geometry format
Filename extension
.off
Internet media type
text/plain
Type of format3D model format

OFF (Object File Format) is a geometry definition file format containing the description of the composing polygons of a geometric object.[1] It can store 2D or 3D objects, and simple extensions allow it to represent higher-dimensional objects as well.[2] Though originally developed for Geomview, a geometry visualization software, other software has adapted the simple standard.[3]

Composition[edit]

The composition of a standard OFF file is as follows:[4]

  • First line (optional): the letters OFF to mark the file type.
  • Second line: the number of vertices, number of faces, and number of edges, in order (the latter can be ignored).
  • List of vertices: X, Y and Z coordinates.
  • List of faces: number of vertices, followed by the indexes of the composing vertices, in order (indexed from zero).
    • Optionally, the RGB values for the face color can follow the elements of the faces.

The four-dimensional OFF format, most notably used by Stella4D, which allows visualization of four-dimensional objects, has a few minor differences:[5]

  • First line (optional): the letters 4OFF to mark the file type.
  • Second line: the number of vertices, number of faces, number of edges, and number of cells, in order (the number of edges can be ignored).
  • List of vertices: X, Y, Z and W coordinates.
  • List of faces: number of vertices, followed by the indexes of the composing vertices, in order (indexed from zero).
  • List of cells: number of faces, followed by the indexes of the composing faces, in order (indexed from zero).
    • Optionally, the RGB values for the cell color can follow the elements of the cells.

Comments are marked with a pound sign (#): these are not read by the software.

Example[edit]

OFF
# cube.off
# A cube
 
8 6 12
 1.0  0.0 1.4142
 0.0  1.0 1.4142
-1.0  0.0 1.4142
 0.0 -1.0 1.4142
 1.0  0.0 0.0
 0.0  1.0 0.0
-1.0  0.0 0.0
 0.0 -1.0 0.0
4  0 1 2 3  255 0 0 #red
4  7 4 0 3  0 255 0 #green
4  4 5 1 0  0 0 255 #blue
4  5 6 2 1  0 255 0 
4  3 2 6 7  0 0 255
4  6 5 4 7  255 0 0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "OFF file format (Princeton)".
  2. ^ Burkardt, John. "Geomview Object File Format".
  3. ^ Holmes, Ryan. "OFF Files".
  4. ^ Holmes, Ryan. "OFF Files".
  5. ^ Webb, Robert (2020). "Stella4D Pro Manual".

External links[edit]