This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Manufacturer||The Coca-Cola Company|
|Distributor||Coca-Cola Enterprises, others|
|Country of origin||United States|
OK Soda was a soft drink created by The Coca-Cola Company in 1993 that aggressively courted the American Generation X demographic with unusual advertising tactics, including endorsements and even outright negative publicity. It did not sell well in select test markets and was officially declared out of production in 1995 before reaching nationwide distribution. The drink's slogan was "Everything is going to be OK."
In 1993, Coca-Cola CEO Roberto Goizueta rehired Sergio Zyman to be the chief of marketing for all Coca-Cola beverage brands, a surprising choice given that Zyman had worked closely with the New Coke campaign, possibly the largest advertising failure in Coke's history. However, after revamping the can design and print advertising campaigns for Diet Coke and Coca-Cola Classic with great success, Zyman was given free rein to design new products with aggressive, offbeat marketing campaigns.
International market research done by The Coca-Cola Company in the late 1980s revealed that "Coke" was the second most recognizable word across all languages in the world. The first word was "OK". Zyman (who also conceived Fruitopia) decided to take advantage of this existing brand potential and created a soft drink with this name. He conceived of a counter-intuitive advertising campaign that intentionally targeted people who did not like advertising. He predicted that the soft drink would be a huge success, and promised Goizueta that the soft drink would take at least 4% of the US beverage market.
Despite a US-wide advertising campaign and intense media attention, OK Soda was marketed only in select areas, representing different demographic areas during the summer of 1993. Four separate can designs were used (with each test market getting all four designs). Coke announced at the time that they would continually update the cans with new designs (later designs can be identified by having an explanatory tag saying that it is "A unique fruity soda"). Some of the testing locations were:
- Austin, Texas
- Boston, Massachusetts
- Denver, Colorado
- Colorado Springs, Colorado
- Cincinnati, Ohio
- Fargo, North Dakota
- Knoxville, Tennessee
- Lynden, Washington
- Portland, Oregon
- Providence, Rhode Island
- Little Rock, Arkansas
- Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota
- Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
- Omaha, Nebraska
- Sacramento, California
- Seattle, Washington
- Detroit, Michigan
- Atlantic Canada
- Northern Wisconsin
OK Soda never captured more than 3% of the beverage market in any of the target locations, failing to match Zyman's hype. The project was cancelled by Coca-Cola just seven months after its kickoff, and the soft drink was never widely released to the public.
After its failure, OK Soda enjoyed a brief cult following on the Internet, including the use of a newsgroup at alt.fan.ok-soda, which was fairly active for several years. Fans would reminisce about the offbeat advertising materials, sell merchandise and intact cans, and trade recipes for home-brewed OK Soda facsimiles. The merchandise, cans and advertising material can still be found readily on eBay.
OK Soda has been remembered more for its unique advertising campaign than for its fruity flavor. The name and advertising campaign attempted to poke fun at the "I'm OK, You're OK" pop-psychology of the early 1970s. OK Soda was intentionally marketed at the difficult Generation X and Generation Y markets, and attempted to cash in on the group's existing disillusionment and disaffection with standard advertising campaigns; the concept was that the youth market was already aware that they were being manipulated by mass-media marketing, so this advertising campaign would just be more transparent about it. Its indirect advertising was a form of rebel advertising similar to the McDonald's commercials for the Arch Deluxe. The campaign was designed by Portland, Oregon-based advertising firm Wieden+Kennedy. Spokespeople for the company and their advertisers were very frank about the fact that they were marketing the drink entirely on the "feeling" rather than the taste.
The general public did not respond to the offbeat campaign, and most critics point out that the campaigning was too overt in its courting of the youth and teen market.
Both the cans and the print advertisements for the soft drink, created by Wieden+Kennedy creative director Charlotte Moore, conceptual artist Peter Wegner, and designer Todd Waterbury, featured work by popular "alternative" cartoonists Daniel Clowes and Charles Burns. Unlike the brightly colored Coca-Cola cans, they were decorated in drab shades of gray, with occasional red text. In addition to the primarily two-tone illustrations, the cans would feature a special code that could be entered at the given 800 number, which was 1-800-I Feel OK, as well as a "Coincidence", which was usually some odd bit of trivia about some town in the United States, as well as man-made bird calls. They would also sometimes contain messages from the OK Manifesto, which was a series of platitudes about OK-Ness, pithy thought reform sayings with no real meaning, doublespeak, mocking traditional advertisement slogans or catch-phrases. Some cans had similar messages printed on their inside.
Randomly included with OK Soda selections in vending machines was an OK Soda "prize can". Similar to a can of instant soup, the top could be peeled completely off revealing the prize inside. Prizes included some form of OK Soda merchandise rolled to fit (usually a hat) and an additional two quarters to purchase another can of OK Soda. The design of the prize can was different from the others and represented a fifth design overall. It was also more cylindrical in shape, considerably lighter (without soda inside) and included a light-blue banner, the only such design to include this color. This program was similar to Coke's previous MagiCan campaign.
Excerpts from the OK Soda manifesto were printed on the cans, and were also available for a short while on their website. Some of the sayings were:
- What's the point of OK? Well, what's the point of anything?
- OK Soda emphatically rejects anything that is not OK, and fully supports anything that is.
- The better you understand something, the more OK it turns out to be.
- OK Soda says, "Don't be fooled into thinking there has to be a reason for everything."
- OK Soda reveals the surprising truth about people and situations.
- OK Soda does not subscribe to any religion, or endorse any political party, or do anything other than feel OK.
- There is no real secret to feeling OK.
- OK Soda may be the preferred drink of other people such as yourself.
- Never overestimate the remarkable abilities of "OK" brand soda.
- Please wake up every morning knowing that things are going to be OK.
Composition and taste
This section possibly contains original research. (April 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
OK Soda had a more "citric" taste than traditional colas, almost like a fruit punch version of Coke's Fresca. It has been described as "slightly spicy" and likened to a combination of orange soda and flat Coca-Cola. It has also been compared to what is known as "suicide", "swampwater" or "graveyard", the resulting mixture of multiple soft drink flavors available at a particular convenience store or gas station's soft drink dispenser.
In contrast to earlier beverages from the 1990s also noted for their marketing campaigns, such as Jolt and Red Bull, OK Soda's caffeine content was not emphasized. A 12-ounce serving of OK Soda had 40.5 milligrams of caffeine.
Carbonated water, high fructose corn syrup and/or sucrose, citric acid, caramel color, potassium benzoate (to protect taste), phosphoric acid, acacia, natural flavors, potassium citrate, caffeine, dipotassium phosphate, glycerol ester of wood rosin, brominated vegetable oil, Red 40
- Ross, Michael E. (22 April 2005). "It seemed like a good idea at the time: New Coke, 20 years later, and other marketing fiascoes". msnbc.com. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Greising, David (25 May 1999) [1st pub. 1998]. "The Big Brand Machine". I'd Like the World to Buy a Coke: The Life and Leadership of Roberto Goizueta. New York, New York: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 233–235. ISBN 9780471345947.
- Zyman, Sergio (7 November 2000) [1st pub. 1999]. "Chapter 3: Marketing Is Science". The End of Marketing as We Know It (reprint, revised ed.). New York, New York: HarperCollins Publishers. pp. 47–49. ISBN 9780887309830.
- Pendergrast, Mark (17 March 2000) [1st pub. 1993]. "Chapter 21: Global Fizz". For God, Country and Coca-Cola: The Definitive History of the Great American Soft Drink and the Company That Makes It (2nd ed.). New York, New York: Basic Books. pp. 400–403. ISBN 9780465054688.
- "Coke Hopes to Sell New Drink on How It Feels, Not Tastes". All Things Considered. National Public Radio. 27 May 1994. Archived from the original on 16 October 2004. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Hornblower, Margot (9 June 1997). "Great Xpectations of So-Called Slackers". TIME. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Moore, Charlotte (1994). "PORTFOLIO 3 (OK Soda)". Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Gilson, Dave (13 May 2010). "Clowes Encounter: An Interview With Daniel Clowes". Mother Jones. Foundation for National Progress. p. 2. Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Greenwald, John; Calabresi, Massimo; Van Tassel, Jane (30 May 1994). "Will Teens Buy It?". TIME. 143 (22): 50–52. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Popik, Barry (9 June 2008). "Suicide Soda (Suicide Coke; Graveyard Soda; Swamp Water; Shipwreck; Hurricane; Tornado)". The Big Apple. Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- "Will Teens Buy It? Coke's new OK soda uses irony and understatement to woo a skeptical market" — A critical business perspective from Time Magazine on OK Soda as a case study for marketing to Generation X (May 30, 1994)
- OK Marketing — A retrospective of the OK marketing campaign by suck.com (February 14, 1996)
- OK Soda at Curlie
- The OK Soda Page — an unofficial site with comprehensive information (from web archives)
- Austin TX 10th Anniversary OK Soda Page observations from a test market.
- OK Soda Letter A letter from Coca-Cola explaining the end of OK Soda