|Type||Broadcast television system|
|Availability||Semi-national (Greater Montreal, Southern Ontario, Southwestern British Columbia/Lower Mainland, Alberta)|
|September 3, 1979 (independent Toronto station)
September 16, 2002 (launch of the Omni system)
|CFMT International / Channel 47/Cable 4 (1979–2002, independent)|
The Shopping Channel
Omni Television (corporately styled as OMNI Television) is a Canadian television system that is owned by the Rogers Media subsidiary of Rogers Communications. It currently consists of all six of Canada's conventional multicultural television stations, which are located in Ontario (two stations), British Columbia, Alberta (two stations) and Quebec (as a secondary affiliate). In addition, Rogers also briefly operated religious television stations in the Vancouver and Winnipeg television markets under the "Omni" brand before divesting them in 2008.
In May 2017, Rogers received interim CRTC approval for Omni Regional, a version of Omni Television that wull be distributed as a group of specialty channels corresponding with the regions where Omni's stations and affiliated outlets operate, and have mandatory carriage on the basic service of all Canadian television providers. Rogers stated that the additional revenue provided by mandatory carriage of these channels would allow the restoration of local news programming to the Omni stations after cutbacks. Although the CRTC did not believe that Rogers' proposal adequetely addressed the provisioning of programs for regions of Canada not currently served by an Omni broadcast station, or was financially sustainable, the Commission granted Rogers a three-year interim license term, and issued a call for applications for a national multicultural specialty channel that would receive mandatory carriage.
Toronto's CFMT launched in 1979 as Canada's first free, over-the-air multilingual/multicultural television station, owned by Multilingual Television (Toronto) Ltd. As its initial format was 100% ethnic, the station experienced financial difficulties, and was on the verge of bankruptcy when Rogers stepped in and purchased it in 1986. Rogers then attempted to launch a similar multicultural station in Vancouver in 1996, 1999 and 2002, but all three attempts were rejected by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). It was, however, given a second multicultural licence in Toronto to provide room for additional multicultural programing, and launched CJMT as a sister station to CFMT in fall 2002. It was at this point that the "OMNI Television" brand was introduced, with CFMT and CJMT branded as "OMNI.1" and "OMNI.2" respectively.
The Omni brand was expanded in 2005, when Rogers acquired two religious TV stations, CHNU in the Vancouver market and CIIT in Winnipeg, from Trinity Television. CHNU was rebranded from "NOWTV" to "OMNI.10" in September 2005, while CIIT went on air as "OMNI.11" on February 6, 2006.
Several proposed changes to the Omni system were announced, either by Rogers or by the CRTC, during a one-month span from June to July 2007. First, on June 8, the CRTC granted Rogers licenses to operate new multicultural stations in Calgary and Edmonton, beating out a competing proposal from Multivan Broadcast Corporation (which won the bid for the Vancouver multicultural license in 2002 against Rogers and launched CHNM-TV).
On June 28, Rogers made public its offer to sell the religious-licensed Omni stations in Winnipeg and Vancouver as part of its contemporaneous purchase of Citytv (which the CRTC ordered CTVglobemedia to sell them off as part of the CHUM Limited takeover deal). Rogers indicated, however, that it viewed retaining the multilingual licences in Toronto, Calgary and Edmonton (effectively creating twinsticks in those three markets) as compatible with CRTC policy, since they are licensed to serve a different programming niche than the general interest Citytv stations.
On July 7, Rogers announced an agreement to purchase the aforementioned CHNM, finally securing a true multicultural television licence in Vancouver. The fact that Rogers had acquired the Calgary and Edmonton multicultural licences, beating out Multivan's competing applications, was cited as a major reason for the sale.
On September 28, the CRTC approved Rogers' takeover of the Citytv stations, giving the company one year to divest itself of the religious Omni stations. A tentative deal to sell the stations to S-VOX, owner of VisionTV, was announced on November 6. On March 31, 2008, the CRTC approved both Rogers' acquisition of CHNM and its sale of CIIT and CHNU to S-VOX. CHNU was rebranded as "CHNU 10" on October 31, 2007, a year before the Omni brand was transferred to CHNM. CIIT was rebranded "CIIT11" in July 2008, after S-VOX took control of the station. Both stations rebranded as Joytv on September 1, 2008; CHNM rebranded as "Omni BC" on the same date. The two new stations in Calgary and Edmonton launched on September 15, 2008 under the call letters CJCO and CJEO.
Rogers announced an agreement to acquire the one Canadian multicultural television station it did not already own, CJNT-DT Montreal on May 3, 2012, from Channel Zero, after having passed on the opportunity when the station was previously put up for sale in 2009 by Canwest during its financial difficulties. While intending to relaunch it as a Citytv station, Rogers did not rule out the possibility of requesting that CJNT be re-licensed as an English-language station, but in the meantime CJNT aired Omni programs (including Omni News) to fulfill much of its ethnic programming requirements after it became affiliated with Citytv prior to the sale. As part of the sale, Rogers requested that the CRTC convert CJNT to an English-language station, on the condition that both Channel Zero and Rogers provide services and resources to CFHD-DT, a newly proposed, locally owned multicultural station. Both were approved by the CRTC on December 20, 2012.
In recent years, the Omni stations have struggled financially; Rogers Media president Keith Pelley explained that between 2011 and 2014, advertising revenue had fallen from $80 million to $35 million. On May 30, 2013, Rogers announced the shutdown of production facilities at CJCO and CJEO, ending the production of local programming and news content from the Omni Alberta stations, and as a result, the discontinuation of the South Asian newscasts. On May 7, 2015, Rogers announced further cuts affecting Omni, including the re-structuring of the Omni News programs, the cancellation of V-Mix and Bollywood Boulevard, and the elimination of redundancy in technical staff between the Omni and City stations.
All Rogers-owned Omni stations are licensed to air programming in no less than 20 languages to communities encompassing at least 20 cultures—ethnic programming comprises 60% of the Omni stations' schedules. The Toronto-based Omnis are differently licensed with respect to the languages and communities they serve: CFMT airs programming for European and Caribbean language communities, while CJMT airs programming for the Pan-Asian and Pan-African audiences.
Omni stations also once aired a small amount of English-language entertainment programming aimed at mainstream audiences during part of their weekday lineups; in the past, these have included syndicated sitcoms, talk shows, and game shows. In essence, these English-language programs served to attract advertising revenue, which could then be used to finance the multicultural programs. As of the 2015-16 television season, all of these programs have been dropped in favor of additional multicultural shows and documentary programs. The Omni stations do not normally air primetime programming simulcast from U.S. networks, but may do so in the event of scheduling conflicts with sister network City, allowing Rogers to maintain their simsub rights in its duopoly markets. Omni regularly simulcasted the CBS late-night talk shows Late Show with David Letterman and The Late Late Show under hosts Tom Snyder and Craig Ferguson until their conclusions. When hosted by Craig Kilborn, and for a brief period under Ferguson, The Late Late Show aired on Global, while the current incarnations of the programs with Stephen Colbert and James Corden air on Global and CTV respectively.
While under Rogers ownership, CHNU and CIIT aired many of the same types of programs as CFMT and CJMT, despite the difference in the nature of service of multicultural and religious stations. CHNU and CIIT had previously aired many of the same types of syndicated sitcoms and multicultural programs shown regularly on the Omni stations in Toronto, and the Toronto stations carried some religious teaching programs. The common brand allowed cost savings for promotions and for the acquisition of the general-entertainment programs that all of the Omni stations had used to generate most of their revenues. However, due in particular to Vancouver multicultural station CHNM (while under Multivan ownership) and Toronto religious station CITS, which both opposed Rogers's acquisition of Trinity's religious stations, the Omni stations' core formats remained intact.
Omni Television stations have occasionally aired sporting events in minority languages, and in English as an overflow for City or Sportsnet. Prior to their move to City and the eventual acquisition of late games by CTV, the Omni stations aired late-afternoon NFL games for a period, and in the 2014 season, simulcast selected Thursday Night Football games with CBS and Sportsnet. During the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver and 2012 Summer Olympics in London, Omni stations broadcast coverage of the games in minority languages, and on June 27, 2013, Omni.2 in Toronto broadcast Mandarin-language coverage of a Toronto Blue Jays Major League Baseball game started by Taiwanese player Chien-Ming Wang, marking the first ever Canadian MLB broadcast in the language.
Rogers acquired national media rights to the National Hockey League in November 2013. Beginning in the 2014-15 NHL season, the Omni stations added Hockey Night in Canada: Punjabi Edition, which broadcasts a doubleheader of NHL games on Saturday nights and selected playoff games with commentary in Punjabi. The Punjabi broadcasts are a continuation of CBC's past digital coverage of games in the language.
Omni produced a national newscast in Punjabi. In addition, the Omni stations in Toronto and Vancouver produce regional newscasts in the following languages five days a week:
The programs featured coverage of Canadian news stories in the language, along with stories from foreign broadcasters in countries in which the language is natively spoken (or the Indian subcontinent, in the case of the Punjabi edition).
On May 7, 2015, Rogers announced a restructuring of Omni News programs as part of cutbacks that led to the loss of 110 jobs across the company. The existing newscasts would by replaced by new public affairs-oriented programs produced in Cantonese, Mandarin and Punjabi. The new programs feature in-depth discussion of local issues, and do not feature original news reporting. Colette Watson, Rogers' vice president of television, explained that the decision to drop the newscasts was financially motivated; the newscasts only brought in $3.9 million in advertising revenue per-year, but had production expenses of $9 million.
Rogers' decision to drop ethnic newscasts resulted in criticism by Julian Fantino, Member of Parliament for Vaughan, who described the loss of Italian-language news coverage to be "devastating"; Vaughan has a notably large population of Italians, Following an unsatisfactory response by the company, Fantino called upon Rogers representatives to appear before the Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage.
As part of the Omni Regional service, Rogers stated that it would restore locally-produced newscasts for each of its regions.
Omni Television stations
|City of license/market||Station||Channel
|Calgary, Alberta||CJCO-DT||38.1 (38)|
|Edmonton, Alberta||CJEO-DT||56.1 (44)|
|Toronto, Ontario||CFMT-DT||47.1 (47)|
|Vancouver, British Columbia||CHNM-DT||42.1 (20)|
|City of licence/market||Station||Channel
|Montreal, Quebec||CFHD-DT||47.1 (47)||2013||4517466 Canada Inc. (Norouzi Family)|
In the fall of 2004, Omni launched high definition simulcasts of both Toronto stations, CFMT and CJMT. However, at the time both stations were only available through digital cable. In the summer of 2008, both stations began broadcasting digitally over-the-air. In December 2009, CHNM began broadcasting an over-the-air digital signal and broadcasts in standard definition.
On June 14, 2016, Rogers announced that it had submitted an application to the CRTC for a new, national specialty service known as Omni Regional. The service would consist of four feeds; "Pacific", "Prairies", "East", and "Quebec". The first three would carry programming from Omni's broadcast television stations in these regions and additional programming. The Quebec feed will distribute programming from CFHD in Montreal. Rogers pursued a 9(1)(h) must-carry status for the service, which would require it to be offered on the basic service by all Canadian digital television providers. Colette Watson, Rogers' vice president of television, stated that Omni Television was "not sustainable in its current state"; the company stated that must-carry status for the Omni Regional channels would result in an additional $14 million in annual revenue from carriage fees, which it planned to mostly invest into the production of daily half-hour newscasts in the Cantonese, Italian, Mandarin, and Punjabi languages—programming that had been cancelled in 2015 in the previous round of cuts. Rogers also pledged to increase its investments in original, Canadian programming for the Omni outlets.
On May 15, 2017, the CRTC approved Rogers' application for Omni Regional under a provisional, three-year licence term. The commission argued that Rogers did not sufficiently demonstrate that the service would "ensure a sufficient reflection of Canada's third-language communities", as its planned programming would rely primarily on those already carried by Omni Television's current broadcast stations and affiliates, it did not sufficiently represent regions of Canada that are not currently served by one (such as Atlantic and Central Canada), and that there were no signifigant plans for new original programming beyond newscasts. The CRTC felt that Omni Regional "[did] not appear sustainable and would likely experience financial difficulties in the near future, even with mandatory distribution on the digital basic service". However, the CRTC did recognize that there was "[an] exceptional need for a national, multilingual multi-ethnic programming service that can provide Canadians with news and current events programming in multiple languages from a Canadian perspective", and thus granted Rogers a provisional licence for Omni Regional. At the same time, the CRTC made a formal call for applications for a national, multicultural specialty channel that would receive must-carry status.
- Decision CRTC 97-39, January 31, 1997 - CIVT-DT (now a CTV station) was licensed instead.
- Decision CRTC 2000-219, July 6, 2000 - CIVI-TV and CHNU-TV were licensed.
- Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2002-39, February 14, 2002 - CHNM-TV was licensed.
- Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2002-82, April 8, 2002
- Rogers offers to sell two stations, Grant Robertson, The Globe and Mail, June 28, 2007
- Rogers Media to Acquire Vancouver's 'Channel M' From Multivan Broadcast Corporation, Rogers press release, July 6, 2007
- CRTC Decision 2008-72.
- CRTC Decision 2008-71.
- Citytv expanding into Quebec & Western Canada, CityNews, May 3, 2012.
- Grant Robertson, "CanWest puts E! up for sale". The Globe and Mail, February 6, 2009
- Rogers Media buys Montreal TV station Metro 14, The Gazette, May 3, 2012.
- New METRO14 Schedule Starting Monday, Channel Canada, June 1, 2012.
- Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2012-697, December 20, 2012.
- Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2012-696, December 20, 2012.
- "Calgary's immigrant community dealt a blow with loss of OMNI programming". Calgary Herald. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- "Rogers cuts 110 jobs, ends all OMNI newscasts". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- "Rogers axes OMNI news programs, cancels Breakfast Television in Edmonton". CBC News. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- TV Guide (Canadian Edition). 1996.
- "OMNI to air Blue Jays vs Red Sox in Mandarin, Thursday". Citynews.ca. Rogers Media. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
- "OMNI TV To Air First Mandarin Broadcast of MLB Game in Canada". Broadcaster Magazine. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
- "What the new Rogers-NHL deal means for Canadian hockey fans". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. November 26, 2013. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- "Stanley Cup Playoffs broadcast schedule". Sportsnet.ca. Rogers Media. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
- "2015 Stanley Cup Playoffs Round 1 schedule". NHL.com. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
- Sax, David (April 26, 2013). "A Punjabi Broadcast Draws In New Hockey Fans". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
- "Canadians to Experience NHL Content in 22 Languages, This Season on OMNI Television". Rogers Media. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
- "Rogers Media Inc cutting 110 jobs, mainly at Omni multicultural TV stations". Canadian Press. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- "Rogers resists government pressure to reinstate ethnic newscasts". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- "NHS Profile, Vaughan, CY, Ontario, 2011". Statistics Canada. May 8, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
- "Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2017-152 and Broadcasting Order CRTC 2017-153". CRTC. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
- "Rogers seeks to revive multicultural OMNI newscasts in CRTC proposal". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- "CRTC grants Rogers mandatory distribution of OMNI newscasts". Financial Post. Retrieved 16 May 2017.