|Type||Private (cooperative bank)|
|Timo Ritakallio (President and Group Executive Chairman)|
|Revenue||€3.115 billion (2017)|
|€1.077 billion (2017)|
|€764 million (2017)|
|Total assets||€137.242 billion (31 December 2017)|
|Total equity||€11.121 billion (31 December 2017)|
Number of employees
|12,269 (31 December 2017)|
|Subsidiaries||OP Bank Group Central Co-operative, OP Corporate Bank, Pohjola Bank, Helsingin OP Pankki, OP-Kotipankki|
OP Financial Group is one of the largest financial companies in Finland. It consists of 180 cooperative banks and their central organization. "OP" stands for "osuuspankki" in Finnish, literally meaning "cooperative bank". The financial group has over 2 million customer-owners, offering retail and commercial banking services all over Finland, as well as insurance services.
In 2014 the group acquired the remainder of the shares of Pohjola Bank and consolidated its services under the OP brand, shortening its name to OP from OP-Pohjola, a name it had used since 2007.
The company's predecessor was founded in 1891 when the fire insurance company Palovakuutus-Osakeyhtiö Pohjola commenced its operations. Pohjola Bank was listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange in 1922, being one of the first companies to be listed in Helsinki.
The first local cooperative credit societies were founded in 1902 and received a large loan from the Finnish state the next year. The central organization for cooperatives was founded in 1928 as an ideological organization between local branches. As the business environment has changed and banking regulation has tightened, the central organization has increased its influence on local banks significantly.
In 2005 the central organization of OP Financial Group became a major shareholder of Pohjola Bank, which made the group the largest financial services group in Finland. The remainder of the shares were acquired in 2014.
In 2014 OP announced plans to expand into the health and wellbeing market. It operated a hospital in the Helsinki region. In 2021 it cancelled the plan and sold the hospital.
OP Corporate Bank
OP Corporate Bank Plc is the most significant subsidiary of OP Financial Group.
OP Corporate Bank's customers are large companies in Finland. It is responsible for the Baltic business, operating as a bank for large companies and conducting financial services in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. In addition, OP Corporate Bank offers financial services in internationalization. OP Corporate Bank also acts as the OP Financial Group's central bank.
- "OP Ryhmän toimintakertomus ja tilinpäätös 2017" [OP Financial Group 's Report by the Board of Directors and Financial Statements 2017] (PDF). OP Financial Group (in Finnish). 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- "OP Financial Group in brief". Retrieved 30 July 2021.
- OP Financial Group in brief Retrieved on 10 January 2015
- Pohjola Insurance to sell hospital chain to Pihlajalinna
- "Structure of OP Financial Group and OP Corporate Bank Group - Corporate governance (OP Corporate Bank PLC)".
- "President and CEO - Corporate governance (OP Corporate Bank PLC)".