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Origin recognition complex, subunit 2
Symbols ORC2 ; ORC2L
External IDs OMIM601182 MGI1328306 HomoloGene4512 GeneCards: ORC2 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE ORC2L 204853 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 4999 18393
Ensembl ENSG00000115942 ENSMUSG00000026037
UniProt Q13416 Q60862
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_006190 NM_001025378
RefSeq (protein) NP_006181 NP_001020549
Location (UCSC) Chr 2:
200.91 – 200.96 Mb
Chr 1:
58.46 – 58.51 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Origin recognition complex subunit 2
Symbol ORC2
Pfam PF04084
InterPro IPR007220

Origin recognition complex subunit 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ORC2 (ORC2L) gene.[1][2]


The origin recognition complex (ORC) is a highly conserved six subunits protein complex essential for the initiation of the DNA replication in eukaryotic cells. Studies in yeast demonstrated that ORC binds specifically to origins of replication and serves as a platform for the assembly of additional initiation factors such as Cdc6 and Mcm proteins. The protein encoded by this gene is a subunit of the ORC complex. This protein forms a core complex with ORC3, ORC4, and ORC5. It also interacts with CDC45L and MCM10, which are proteins known to be important for the initiation of DNA replication. This protein has been demonstrated to specifically associate with the origin of replication of Epstein-Barr virus in human cells, and is thought to be required for DNA replication from viral origin of replication.[2]


ORC2 has been shown to interact with:


  1. ^ Takahara K, Bong M, Brevard R, Eddy RL, Haley LL, Sait SJ, Shows TB, Hoffman GG, Greenspan DS (October 1996). "Mouse and human homologues of the yeast origin of replication recognition complex subunit ORC2 and chromosomal localization of the cognate human gene ORC2L". Genomics 31 (1): 119–122. doi:10.1006/geno.1996.0018. PMID 8808289. 
  2. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: ORC2L origin recognition complex, subunit 2-like (yeast)". 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Kneissl M, Pütter V, Szalay AA, Grummt F (March 2003). "Interaction and assembly of murine pre-replicative complex proteins in yeast and mouse cells". J. Mol. Biol. 327 (1): 111–28. doi:10.1016/s0022-2836(03)00079-2. PMID 12614612. 
  4. ^ Méndez J, Stillman B (November 2000). "Chromatin association of human origin recognition complex, cdc6, and minichromosome maintenance proteins during the cell cycle: assembly of prereplication complexes in late mitosis". Mol. Cell. Biol. 20 (22): 8602–12. doi:10.1128/mcb.20.22.8602-8612.2000. PMC 102165. PMID 11046155. 
  5. ^ Izumi M, Yanagi K, Mizuno T, Yokoi M, Kawasaki Y, Moon KY, Hurwitz J, Yatagai F, Hanaoka F (December 2000). "The human homolog of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mcm10 interacts with replication factors and dissociates from nuclease-resistant nuclear structures in G(2) phase". Nucleic Acids Res. 28 (23): 4769–77. doi:10.1093/nar/28.23.4769. PMC 115166. PMID 11095689. 
  6. ^ Fujita M, Ishimi Y, Nakamura H, Kiyono T, Tsurumi T (March 2002). "Nuclear organization of DNA replication initiation proteins in mammalian cells". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (12): 10354–61. doi:10.1074/jbc.M111398200. PMID 11779870. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Vashee S, Simancek P, Challberg MD, Kelly TJ (July 2001). "Assembly of the human origin recognition complex". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (28): 26666–73. doi:10.1074/jbc.M102493200. PMID 11323433. 
  8. ^ Méndez J, Zou-Yang XH, Kim SY, Hidaka M, Tansey WP, Stillman B (March 2002). "Human origin recognition complex large subunit is degraded by ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis after initiation of DNA replication". Mol. Cell 9 (3): 481–91. doi:10.1016/s1097-2765(02)00467-7. PMID 11931757. 
  9. ^ a b c Dhar SK, Delmolino L, Dutta A (August 2001). "Architecture of the human origin recognition complex". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (31): 29067–71. doi:10.1074/jbc.M103078200. PMID 11395502. 
  10. ^ Matsuoka S, Ballif BA, Smogorzewska A, McDonald ER, Hurov KE, Luo J, Bakalarski CE, Zhao Z, Solimini N, Lerenthal Y, Shiloh Y, Gygi SP, Elledge SJ (May 2007). "ATM and ATR substrate analysis reveals extensive protein networks responsive to DNA damage". Science 316 (5828): 1160–6. doi:10.1126/science.1140321. PMID 17525332. 
  11. ^ Pinto S, Quintana DG, Smith P, Mihalek RM, Hou ZH, Boynton S, Jones CJ, Hendricks M, Velinzon K, Wohlschlegel JA, Austin RJ, Lane WS, Tully T, Dutta A (May 1999). "latheo encodes a subunit of the origin recognition complex and disrupts neuronal proliferation and adult olfactory memory when mutant". Neuron 23 (1): 45–54. doi:10.1016/s0896-6273(00)80752-7. PMID 10402192. 
  12. ^ Quintana DG, Hou Zh, Thome KC, Hendricks M, Saha P, Dutta A (November 1997). "Identification of HsORC4, a member of the human origin of replication recognition complex". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (45): 28247–51. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.45.28247. PMID 9353276. 
  13. ^ Quintana DG, Thome KC, Hou Zh, Ligon AH, Morton CC, Dutta A (October 1998). "ORC5L, a new member of the human origin recognition complex, is deleted in uterine leiomyomas and malignant myeloid diseases". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (42): 27137–45. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.42.27137. PMID 9765232. 

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