Overwhelmingly Large Telescope

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Overwhelmingly Large Telescope
OverWhelmingly Large Telescope.jpg
Organization European Southern Observatory Edit this on Wikidata
Wavelength 0.32 µm (940 THz)-12 µm (25 THz)
Telescope style Cassegrain telescope
optical telescope Edit this on Wikidata
Diameter 60, 100 m (196 ft 10 in, 328 ft 1 in)
Collecting area 2,827, 7,854 m2 (30,430, 84,540 sq ft)
Focal length 175 m (574 ft)
Website www.eso.org/sci/facilities/eelt/owl/
Comparison of nominal sizes of primary mirrors of the Overwhelmingly Large Telescope and some notable optical telescopes

The Overwhelmingly Large Telescope (OWL) was a conceptual design by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) organization for an extremely large telescope, which was intended to have a single aperture of 100 meters in diameter. Because of the complexity and cost of building a telescope of this unprecedented size, ESO has elected to focus on the 39-meter diameter European Extremely Large Telescope instead.

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While the original 100 m design would not exceed the angular resolving power of interferometric telescopes, it would have exceptional light-gathering and imaging capacity which would greatly increase the depth to which mankind could explore the universe.[1] The OWL could be expected to regularly see astronomical objects with an apparent magnitude of 38; or 1,500 times fainter than the faintest object which has been detected by the Hubble Space Telescope.

All proposed designs for the OWL are variations on a segmented mirror, since there is no technology available to build, and transport along large distances, a monolithic 60- or 100-meter mirror. The operation of a segmented mirror is somewhat more complicated than a monolithic one, requiring careful alignment of the segments (a technique called cophasing). Experience gained in existing segmented mirrors (for example, the Keck telescope) suggests that the mirror proposed for the OWL is feasible. However, the projected cost (of around €1.5 billion) was considered too high, so the ESO is now building the smaller European Extremely Large Telescope around 39 m in diameter.[2][3]

It has been estimated that a telescope with a diameter of 80 meters would be able to spectroscopically analyse Earth-size planets around the forty nearest sun-like stars.[4] As such, this telescope could help in the exploration of exoplanets and extraterrestrial life (because the spectrum from the planets could reveal the presence of molecules indicative of life).

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