|Born||Manuel António de Sousa Lopes
December 23, 1907
Mindelo, São Vicente, Cape Verde
|Died||25 January 2005
|Occupation||novelist, poet, essayist|
Manuel António de Sousa Lopes (December 23, 1907 - January 25, 2005) was a Cape Verdean novelist, poet and essayist. With Baltasar Lopes da Silva and Jorge Barbosa he was a founder of the journal Claridade, which contributed to the rise of Cape Verdean literature. Manuel Lopes wrote in Portuguese, using expressions typical for Cape Verdean Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole, he was one of the responsible for describing world calamities of the droughts that caused several deaths in São Vicente and Santo Antão.
Manuel Lopes was born on December 23, 1907 in Mindelo on the island of São Vicente, Cape Verde, which was then a territory of Portugal. He moved to Coimbra in mainland Portugal to attend secondary school. At age 16, he returned to São Vicente and started working at an English company that exploited a transatlantic telegraph cable. Aged 23, he started working for a similar Italian company, but he lost his job due to the Second World War and settled on his farm on the island of Santo Antão. In 1944, back in service at his first employer, he transferred to the island of Faial in the Azores. After eleven years on Faial, he moved to mainland Portugal. He died in Lisbon in 2005 at the age of 97.
His first work was the poem Monography of Regional Descripions which was published in 1932, Paul was also published in the same year, other included Poems de Quem Ficou in 1949, Cape Verdean Themes in 1950, Creole and Other Poems in 1964, Personagens de Ficção e os seus Modelos in 1971 and an antological poem Falucho Ancorado in 1997.
His first novel was Chuva Braba published in 1956 and won the Fernão Mendes Pinto Award, next was O galo que cantou da baía which won another Mendes Pinto Award and Os Flagelados do Vento Leste, the novel was adapted into a movie directed by António Faria in 1987, in the late-1990s, it was awarded the Prémio Meio Milénio do Achamento de Cabo Verde.
His poem Naufrágio can be found on the CD Poesia de Cabo Verde e Sete Poemas de Sebastião da Gama by Afonso Dias
A street is named for him in the city of Praia in the neighborhood of Craveiro Lopes.
The stream in the island of Santo Antão, Cape Verde named Ribeira Manuel Lopes is not the same etymology it is named after another Manuel Lopes.
Here is a list of works by Manuel Lopes:
- Horas Vargas, 1934
- Poemas de quem ficou, 1949
- Folha Caída, 1960
- Crioulo e outros poemas (Creole and Other Poems), 1964
- Falucho Ancorado, 1997
- Monografia Descritiva Regional (Monography of Regional Descriptions), 1932
- Paúl, 1932
- Temas Cabo-verdianos (Cape Verdean Themes), 1950
- Os meios pequenos e a cultura, 1951 - essay
- Reflexões sobre a literatura cabo-verdiana (Reflections on Cape Verdean Literature), 1959 - essay
- As personagens de ficção e seus modelos, 1973
- Encyclopædia Britannica
- Baptista, Maria Luísa (2007). "Vertentes da Insularidade na Novelística de Manuel Lopes" (PDF). Centro de Estudos Africanos da Universidade do Porto. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "Objectos do quotidiano de Cabo Verde mostram-se em Lisboa na "Casa Fernando Pessoa". A Semana. 25 June 2007.
- Richard A. Lobban Jr et Paul Khalil Saucier, "Manuel Lopes", in Historical dictionary of the Republic of Cape Verde, Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland ; Toronto ; Plymouth, UK, 2007, p. 141-142 ISBN 978-0-8108-4906-8
- Marie-Christine Hanras, Manuel Lopes : Um itinerario iniciatico, Instituto caboverseano do livro e do disco, Praia, 1995, p. 398. (a thesis text in Portuguese, University of Rennes 2, 1991)
- Manuel Lopes : rotas da vida e da escrita Instituto Camões, Lisbon, 2001, 228 p. ISBN 972-566221-0