Oak Creek, Wisconsin

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Oak Creek, Wisconsin
City
Location of Oak Creek in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.
Location of Oak Creek in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.
Coordinates: 42°53′4″N 87°53′57″W / 42.88444°N 87.89917°W / 42.88444; -87.89917Coordinates: 42°53′4″N 87°53′57″W / 42.88444°N 87.89917°W / 42.88444; -87.89917
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Milwaukee
Government
 • Mayor Daniel Bukiewicz
Area[1]
 • Total 28.45 sq mi (73.69 km2)
 • Land 28.45 sq mi (73.69 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 702 ft (214 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 34,451
 • Estimate (2016)[4] 35,881
 • Density 1,210.9/sq mi (467.5/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code 53154
Area code(s) 414
FIPS code 55-58800[5]
GNIS feature ID 1570601[2]
Website www.oakcreekwi.org

Oak Creek is a city in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 34,451 at the 2010 census.[5]

History[edit]

On January 2, 1838, the territorial legislature divided Milwaukee County into two towns: the Town of Milwaukee, encompassing everything north of the present Greenfield Avenue, and the Town of Lake encompassing everything south of the present Greenfield Avenue; "and the polls of election shall be opened at the house of Elisha Higgins, in said town." On March 8, 1839, a new Town of Kinnikennick was created, encompassing the western part of Lake (later the Towns of Greenfield and Franklin); and on August 13, 1840, the south portion of the Town of Lake was split off to form the town of Oak Creek. As of the 1840 census, the population of the Town of Lake (then including Oak Creek) was 418.[6]

In 1955 (JOBS), the Town of Oak Creek, then still semi-rural with a population of 4807 in the 1950 census, was incorporated as a city under the terms of Wisconsin statute 66.0215, also known as "The Oak Creek Law."[7] The Oak Creek Law was crafted by Town Attorney Tony Basile to prevent Oak Creek's annexation by the City of Milwaukee, which by annexations (including the 1954 annexation of the remainder of the Town of Lake) was now bordering Oak Creek and had already annexed one small portion of the town; and was shepherded through the legislature with the help of state Democratic party legislative joint committee chairman Leland McParland, who was the state senator for Oak Creek.[8]

2012 shooting[edit]

On August 5, 2012, a white supremacist gunman[9] opened fire at a Sikh temple in Oak Creek.[10] The gunman and six other people died, and several people were injured.[11]

Geography[edit]

Oak Creek is located at 42°53′4″N 87°53′57″W / 42.88444°N 87.89917°W / 42.88444; -87.89917 (42.884347, -87.899209).[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.45 square miles (73.69 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19609,372
197013,92848.6%
198016,93221.6%
199019,51315.2%
200028,45645.8%
201034,45121.1%
Est. 201635,881[4]4.2%
Source: U.S. Census[13]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 28,456 people, 11,239 households, and 7,530 families. The population density was 994.4 people per square mile (383.9/km²). There were 11,897 housing units at an average density of 415.7 per square mile (160.5/km²). The ethnic makeup of the city is 91.96% White, 1.82% African American, 0.59% Native American, 2.39% Asian, 1.70% from other ethnic groups, and 1.53% from two or more ethnic groups. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.45% of the population.

There were 11,239 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $53,779, and the median income for a family was $63,381. Males had a median income of $43,935 versus $31,443 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,586. About 1.2% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 34,451 people, 14,064 households, and 9,077 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,210.9 inhabitants per square mile (467.5/km2). There were 14,754 housing units at an average density of 518.6 per square mile (200.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.7% White, 2.8% African American, 0.7% Native American, 4.5% Asian, 2.1% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.5% of the population.

There were 14,064 households of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.5% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.06.

The median age in the city was 37.4 years. 23.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.4% were from 45 to 64; and 11% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

Government[edit]

At the federal level, Oak Creek is located in Wisconsin's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican House Speaker Paul Ryan.

Mayors of Oak Creek[edit]

  • Don Hermann (1974–1985)
  • Milo Schocker (1985–1988)
  • Christine Bastian (1988–1991) First female elected mayor of a Milwaukee County municipality in the county's history.
  • Dale Richards (1991–2003)
  • Richard "Dick" Bolender (2003 – December 10, 2011) Until his death.
  • Steve Scaffidi (December 11, 2011 – December 22, 2011) Acting mayor due to the December 10 death of Bolender.
  • Al Foeckler (December 22, 2011 – April 17, 2012) Appointed mayor to serve the remainder of Bolender's term.
  • Steve Scaffidi (April 17, 2012 - February 21, 2017) Scaffidi resigned to host "Scaffidi & Bilstad" on WTMJ620 Radio.
  • Ken Gehl, Common Council President, (February 21, 2017 - March 8, 2017) Acting mayor due to the resignation of Scaffidi.
  • Dan Bukiewicz, 2nd District Alderman (March 8, 2017 - April 3, 2018) Appointed by the Common Council until the April 2018 election.
  • Dan Bukiewicz (April 3, 2018 – Present)

Economy[edit]

Former Midwest Airlines headquarters, now owned by Bucyrus International

Midwest Airlines's headquarters were located in Oak Creek.[14] In January 2010 Republic Airways, the parent company of Midwest, announced that it would move all Republic executives, including Midwest Airlines executives, to Indianapolis, Indiana.[15]

Mining equipment manufacturer Bucyrus International announced June 22, 2010 that it would move headquarters personnel from South Milwaukee to Midwest Airlines' former headquarters space in Oak Creek. Senior management and other personnel would be moving to the new location making room for additional employees at its South Milwaukee facility.[citation needed] Caterpillar Inc. intends to locate the Caterpillar Mining world headquarters there after its acquisition of Bucyrus International.[citation needed]

The Oak Creek Power Plant is in Oak Creek. The city also hosts a number of small companies, with interests ranging from engineering to agriculture, including the locally-famous Black Bear Bottling plant.[16]

The American Society of Anesthesia Technologists & Technicians is also based in Oak Creek.[17]

Education[edit]

Oak Creek is part of the Oak Creek Franklin School District.[18]

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Carolton Elementary
  • Cedar Hills Elementary
  • Deerfield Elementary
  • Edgewood Elementary
  • Forest Ridge Elementary
  • Meadowview Elementary
  • Shepard Hills Elementary - Built 1971 (stamped on building)
  • Early Learning Academy

Middle schools[edit]

  • East Middle School - Built 2008 (stamped on building)
  • West Middle School

High school[edit]

  • 9th Grade Center - Built 2017 (stamped on building)
  • Oak Creek High School - Built 1962 (stamped on building) Renovated 2002 (stamped on building)

Private schools[edit]

  • Grace Lutheran Church and School
  • Saint Matthew Catholic School

Culture[edit]

Oak Creek Historical Society[edit]

The Oak Creek Historical Society is a private organization established in 1964 to preserve the history of Oak Creek. The organization maintains a museum complex consisting of five historic buildings and a gift shop, on the grounds of Forest Hill Memorial Park in Oak Creek.

  • Blacksmith Shop — Edgar Wohlust's blacksmith shop was one of only eight in the area. It was built in 1886 and moved to the grounds in 1970.
  • Farm Shed — Moved in 1984, it contains farm equipment from the 1830s up to the 1950s.
  • Hughes Cabin — Built in the 1840s with an addition in the 1920s, it is one of the oldest buildings still standing in Milwaukee County.
  • Summer Kitchen — Moved from the Franke Farm in 1974, this summer kitchen was constructed in 1890.
  • Town Hall — The Oak Creek Town Hall, built in 1874, was used until 1963.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Watrous, Jerome Anthony. Memoirs of Milwaukee County: from the earliest historical times down to the present, including a genealogical and biographical record of representative families in Milwaukee County, Chicago: Western Historical Association, 1909; Volume 1, pp. 68-69
  7. ^ Wisconsin Legislature Data
  8. ^ Cech, Jim. Oak Creek: Fifty Years of Progress. Mt. Pleasant, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 1995; pp. 9-25; 35-37
  9. ^ Dinesh Ramde, Todd Richmond; Associated Press (August 6, 2013). "Sikh temple shooter identified as Wade Michael Page, white supremacist (+video) Page was a 'frustrated neo-Nazi' who led a racist white supremacist band, the Southern Poverty Law Center said Monday". csmonitor.com. 
  10. ^ "'Seven killed' in Wisconsin Sikh temple shooting". BBC News. August 5, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Gunman, six others dead at Wisconsin Sikh temple - CNN.com". CNN. August 6, 2012. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ Southeastern Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission (July 2004). "The Population of Southeastern Wisconsin" (PDF). Technical Report Number 11 (4th Edition). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-31. Retrieved 2010-09-24. 
  14. ^ "Contact Us." Midwest Airlines. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
  15. ^ Freed, Joshua. "Republic Airways Moving Execs to Indianapolis." Associated Press at ABC News. January 14, 2010. 1. Retrieved on January 22, 2010.
  16. ^ "About Us" Black Bear Bottling. Retrieved on July 10, 2009.
  17. ^ "ASATT Background & Developments". American Society of Anesthesia Technologists & Technicians. Archived from the original on October 27, 2010. Retrieved 2015-09-13. 
  18. ^ "Oak Creek Franklin Join School District", About Our Schools’’, Retrieved on 2010-12-8.
  19. ^ THE LEGISLATIVE MANUAL OF THE STATE OF WISCONSIN (11th ed.). Madison, Wis. 1872. p. 453. 
  20. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1913,' Biographical Sketch of Luke Scanlan, pg. 677
  21. ^ Wisconsin Blue Book 1882

External links[edit]