Its students are drawn from the Church of England, mostly ordinands, though an increasing number come from other denominations, and the college trains men and women for a wide range of ministries, including Youth and Children's ministry and World Mission.
It has been associated with conservative evangelicaltheology since its foundation in 1932, and continues to have a strong emphasis on Bible teaching as the core aspect of church leadership. It is an associate college of Middlesex University. Dr Daniel Strange is its Acting Principal following the sudden and unexpected death in January 2017 of Revd Dr Michael Ovey. Dr Ovey succeeded New Testament Scholar, Revd Professor David Peterson at the start of the 2007-2008 academic year. Dr Ovey co-authored the book Pierced For Our Transgressions (Leicester: Apollos, 2006) with Dr Steve Jeffery and Dr Andrew Sach.
The Latimer Trust, an Anglican think tank, is located at Oak Hill Theological College.