Oak Street (Vancouver)
Oak Street is a major north-south street in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The street begins in the north at an intersection with 6th Avenue in the Fairview neighbourhood (just south of False Creek) and continues to the Oak Street Bridge in the south, leading towards Richmond. From its intersection with 70th Avenue southwards, the route is a component section of Highway 99.
The street is two lanes wide for the first two blocks from its northern terminus, four lanes wide in the block between 8th Avenue and Broadway, and six lanes wide for the remainder to its southern terminus at the Oak Street Bridge. From north to south, it runs through a very busy commercial district, then by Vancouver General Hospital, British Columbia's Children's Hospital, B.C. Women's Hospital & Health Centre and the VanDusen Botanical Garden. The street serves as the division between Shaughnessy on the west and South Cambie on the east, then runs through Oakridge and into Marpole, a busy middle-class commercial and residential area, and finally onto the Oak Street Bridge into Richmond.
Oak Street and other tree-themed streets in the area were named on an 1887 map by L.A. Hamilton, the Canadian Pacific Railway's land commissioner and an alderman on Vancouver's first city council. The name was officially registered in 1891, and ended at the boundary between the City of Vancouver and the Municipality of Point Grey (16th Avenue), until Point Grey extended the street name in stages between 1910-1912 to Marine Drive.
After World War I, Vancouver's Jewish community began to establish its presence in an area roughly bound by Granville Street and Cambie Street centred on Oak Street, with the city's first Jewish Community Centre opening at the intersection of Oak and 11th Avenue in 1928. Nonetheless, a large portion of Jewish residents remained in East Vancouver until after World War II, when increasing upward mobility attracted the community to the largely middle-class Oak Street corridor. The city's first synagogue, Schara Tzedeck, moved to its current location at Oak and 19th in 1947-48.
Jewish settlement continued to intensify along the Oak Street corridor in the 1960s and 1970s, although beginning to shift southwards and westwards into the Oakridge neighbourhood by that time, with the opening of a new Jewish Community Centre at the intersection of Oak and 41st Avenue in 1962. Along with the establishment of various congregations and institutions, the corridor increasingly became the focal point of the city's Jewish community. With rising property values along the corridor in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the Jewish community had become dispersed around Greater Vancouver in search of less expensive housing. At the same time, the corridor became increasingly popular among the Chinese community, with about 20% of residents along Oak Street identifying as Chinese by 1971.
Oak Street passes through the following major intersections (north to south):
- 12th Avenue
- 16th Avenue
- King Edward Avenue
- 33rd Avenue
- 41st Avenue
- 49th Avenue
- 57th Avenue
- 70th Avenue
- Marine Drive
- "Numbered Routes in British Columbia". British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure. 2012-12-05. Retrieved 2013-01-03.
- Walker (1999), p.95
- Hiebert (1999), p.37
- "First Jewish Community Centre". Jewish Museum and Archives of British Columbia. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- Hiebert (1999), p.40
- "Vancouver". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Congregation Schara Tzedeck - History". Congregation Schara Tzedeck. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- Hiebert (1999), p.50
- Cohen (2001), p.ii
- Cohen (2001), pp.287, 310
- Cohen, Mirelle (2001). The struggle for inclusion in a Canadian Reform synagogue (Ph.D. (anthropology) thesis). University of British Columbia. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- Hiebert, Daniel (1999). "Immigration and the Changing Social Geography of Greater Vancouver". The British Columbian Quarterly. University of British Columbia (121): 37, 40, 50. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- Walker, Elizabeth (1999). Street Names of Vancouver. Vancouver Historical Society. p. 95. ISBN 0-9692378-7-1.