Oaklawn Racing & Gaming
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|Location||2705 Central Avenue
Hot Springs, AR 71901, United States
|Owned by||Oaklawn Jockey Club, Inc.|
|Notable races||Apple Blossom Handicap (G I)
Arkansas Derby (G I)
Oaklawn Handicap (G II)
Fantasy Stakes (G II)
Rebel Stakes (G II)
Southwest Stakes (G III)
Oaklawn Park officially opened on February 24, 1905. More than 3,000 people attended as a holiday had been declared in Hot Springs. During these early years the track only ran six races a day, similar to British cards. Political problems in the state forced the closure of Oaklawn in 1907. During this time of closure, the track was sold to Louis Cella as the original business partners had both died. The track reopened in 1916 under the auspices of Business Men's League of Hot Springs.
In 1918, Louis Cella died and the ownership of the track was transferred to his brother, Charles. Following this transfer the track was open and closed periodically because of vagaries in the state's political climate.
In the 1929 Arkansas legislative session, a bill to allow horse racing and parimutuel betting tied in the state House of Representatives. The only Republican member of the state House at the time, Osro Cobb of Montgomery County, had been out of the chamber when his name was called. Therefore, upon his return Cobb cast the tie-breaking vote to allow racing and betting at the track.
In the 1930s, the track and "Spa" combined attracted many horse racing fans. In 1935, Oaklawn increased purses to become competitive with the best tracks across the country. The first Arkansas Derby was run in 1936 for a purse of $5,000. By this time the track ran a thirty-day race meeting. On October 29, 1940, Charles G. Cella died and the presidency of Oaklawn transferred to his son, John G. Cella (1909-1968). In 1941, purses again hit a record for the largest purses in Oaklawn history. By 1943, the Arkansas Derby had a purse of $10,000. Unlike most American tracks Oaklawn stayed open in 1944, but World War II caught up with Oaklawn Park, and the track was closed in 1945.
At the end of WWII, a 30-day late autumn and winter season was held at Oaklawn and the track hit unprecedented levels of prosperity. This financed a major clubhouse renovation and a resurfacing of the track. Throughout the 1950s the track continued to climb in handle, attendance and purses. In 1961, the track extended the season to 43 days. In 1962 the track had such a good year that it reached the five spot on the most profitable and successful tracks in North America.
By 1965, the Arkansas Derby was a $50,000 stakes and one that could attract top Kentucky Derby prospects. J. Sweeney Grant led Oaklawn as the manager throughout this period,. He continued to expand and enhance racing at Oaklawn Park. In 1968, Charles J. Cella, the current President of Oaklawn Park, succeeded his father into that position following John G. Cella's unexpected death.
In 1971, J. Sweeney Grant, under whom Oaklawn had enjoyed 16 years of remarkable growth, died. W. T. Bishop replaced him and the track continued to thrive. The Arkansas Derby became a $100,000 stakes in 1972 and the following the year the Fantasy Stakes, a prep race to the Kentucky Oaks, was first run. The Racing Festival of the South was created in 1974. The festival is a week with one stakes race everyday leading up to the Arkansas Derby.
In 1975 a major renovation was completed which included a five-level, glass-enclosed addition to the north end of the grandstand, near the top of the stretch. The addition included a general admission area, an extra 400 box seats and 2,500 reserved seats, a kitchen, a dining room and a private club.
In 1983, the all-time record handle was established. The track reached a goal of averaging $3 million in wagering every day. For the 56-day season, the handle amounted to $168,740,923, for an average of $3,013,230 a day. Attendance for the season was 1,303,223, representing a 23,272 daily average. That same year, the purse for the Arkansas Derby was increased to $250,000. In 1984, the purse was again lifted to $500,000.
By 1985, three decades of prosperity began to reverse. Betting declined 8.1% and attendance declined by 3.7% compared to 1984. Increased competition from neighboring states, a lack of Sunday racing, and a lack of race days were blamed.
By 1990, the track was open for races on Sundays, the grandstand had been enlarged, and attendance began to recover. In the following years Oaklawn Park has continued to do well.
In 2004, to celebrate its 100th anniversary, Oaklawn Park offered a $5 million bonus to any horse that could sweep its three-year-old graded stakes, the Rebel Stakes and the Arkansas Derby, and then take the Kentucky Derby. Smarty Jones's would collect the bonus.
In 2009, attendance was up over 5% from the previous year.
The track consists of a one-mile dirt oval. There is no turf course at Oaklawn Park. The original clubhouse was designed by Chicago architect Zachary Taylor Davis in 1904, who would later design Chicago's Old Comiskey Park and Wrigley Field. The track buildings have undergone many renovations and updated barns provide stabling for the horses.
In 2008, Oaklawn began undergoing a new $3 million addition, that included casino-style slot machines, poker tables, and an Instant Racing complex. The casino addition made Oaklawn the largest gaming facility in the state of Arkansas.
Stakes races run at Oaklawn Park during the Racing Festival of the South and the Oaklawn Park meet include:
- Bachelor Stakes
- Carousel Stakes
- Essex Handicap
- Hot Springs Stakes
- Mountain Valley Stakes
- Smarty Jones Stakes
The track also runs numerous overnight handicaps and minor stakes during the Winter and Spring Meets.
- "Welcome to Oaklawn". Oaklawn Racing & Gaming - Oaklawn.com.
- "Oaklawn's Racing Festival of the South". Arkansas Department of Parks & Tourism - Arkansas.com.
- HANA January 2014 Ranking
- Osro Cobb, Osro Cobb of Arkansas: Memoirs of Historical Significance, Carol Griffee, ed. (Little Rock, Arkansas: Rose Publishing Company, 1989), p. 24
- "ESPN.com - Triple Crown 2004 - Oaklawn owner insured bonus two days before Derby". espn.go.com. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
- "Oaklawn Park". Stride Magazine. 17 March 2010.