Oakley Court is a Victorian Gothic country house set in 35 acres (140,000 m2) overlooking the River Thames at Water Oakley in the civil parish of Bray in the English county of Berkshire. It was built in 1859 and is currently a luxury hotel. It is a Grade II* listed building that has been often used as a film location.
The Court was built in 1859 for Sir Richard Hall Say who married Ellen Evans of Boveney Court in 1857. He was appointed High Sheriff of Berkshire in 1864 and Justice of the Peace in 1865. In 1874 Oakley Court was sold to Lord Otho FitzGerald, then to a John Lewis Phipps and in 1900 to Sir William Beilby Avery of Avery Scales. In 1919 Ernest Olivier purchased the property together with 50 acres (200,000 m2) of Berkshire woodland for £27,000.
Sir Richard Hall-Say
Richard Hall-Say built Oakley Court in 1859 two years after his marriage. He was born as Richard Hall in 1827. His father was Richard Hall, a merchant, but it was his mother Harriet Say that brought to him his great wealth. She was the daughter and co-heir of Robert Say who owned Pennington Hall near Manchester. When her uncle the Rev. Henry Say who had no heirs died in 1855 Richard became his heir took the additional name of Say to become Richard Hall-Say.
In 1857 he married Ellen Evans who was the only child of Edward Evans of Boveney Court in Windsor. The couple had six children two boys and four girls. Their eldest daughter Mary Violet Hall-Say married the Rev Arthur Henry Austen Leigh who was the great nephew of Jane Austen, the famous writer.
In about 1874 the Hall-Say family sold Oakley Court to Lord Otho Fitzgerald.
Lord Otho Fitzgerald
Otho Fitzgerald lived in Oakley Court from 1874 until his death in 1882. He was born in 1827 in London and was the third son of the Duke of Leinster. He entered the army and served in the Royal Horse Guards. He was elected as a Member of Parliament and was appointed to several official positions in the Queen’s Household. He was an amateur photographer and several of his photographs are in the Royal Collection. He was also a musical composer and wrote a piece called "The Spirit of the Ball".
In 1861 at the age of 34 he married Ursula, widow of the 1st Baron Londesborough and daughter of Vice- Admiral Charles Orlando Bridgeman. The couple had two children. The Fitzgeralds attended many high society parties and they invited many celebrates to Oakley Court. Some of these included the Prince Imperial Louis Napoleon and Lilly Langtry. Lady Augusta Fane in her memoirs recalls a water party held at Oakley Court where Lilly Langtry was present.
Otho died in 1882 and his wife Ursula died a year later. Oakley Court was rented out for the next ten years and then in 1894 John Lewis Phipps bought the house.
John Lewis Phipps
John Lewis Phipps was born in 1872 in London. His father was Richard Leckonby Hothersal Phipps of Leighton House in Westbury, Wiltshire. His grandfather was John Lewis Phipps (1801-1870) a wealthy coffee merchant and Member of Parliament. In 1889 John’s father died and he inherited the family fortune. When he bought Oakley House in 1894 he was only 22 years old. Two years before this he had married Mary Jane Davis and they had one son John Nigel Phipps who was born in 1893.
The Phipps sold the house to Sir William Avery in 1908.
Sir William Avery Baronet
William Bielby Avery was born in 1854 in Birmingham He was a member of a long-established dynasty of steelyard and scale makers whose business, W & T Avery, manufactured weighing machines. In 1881 he assumed control of the company with his brother and they further developed the company and invented improvements to the machines.
In 1891 he retired as managing director but retained a seat on the Board. He was on the board of directors of A Darracq and Company (1905) and Commonwealth Oil Corporation of Australia and other major businesses. He became a philatelist and had a very famous collection of stamps.
His first wife Anna Louisa Avery died in 1902 and he married Suzanna Mathilde Crets in Paris in the same year. In 1906 “The Gardener’s Chronicle” published an article about the Oakley Court garden which can be seen here. William died in 1908 and Lady Avery remarried in 1911. The house was rented for several years and then in 1916 was put on the market. The sale notice is shown. The property was bought by Ernest Oliver.
In August 1949 Oakley Court became home to the famous British film production company Hammer Films. Hammer shot five films there, including The Man in Black and The Lady Craved Excitement, before moving to the adjacent Down Place - what subsequently became Bray Studios—the following year.
While the bulk of Hammer's most famous horror movies were filmed at Bray in the late 50's and early 60's, the studio continued to make occasional use of Oakley Court as an exterior location, for example in The Brides of Dracula (1962), The Reptile (1966), and The Plague of the Zombies (1966).
Other films shot there over the years include Witchcraft (1964); And Now the Screaming Starts! (1973); the William Castle horror-comedy The Old Dark House (1963) (a remake of the original The Old Dark House, directed by James Whale and starring Boris Karloff); the cult independent horror film Vampyres (1974); the classic 1976 mystery farce Murder by Death; and the 1978 Peter Cook and Dudley Moore comedy, The Hound of the Baskervilles. Freddie Frances was inspired by Oakley Court's exteriors and long wished to set a film there; his 1970 Mumsy, Nanny, Sonny, and Girly was written specially to take advantage of the unique landscaping and architecture.
It is perhaps best known as Dr. Frank N. Furter's castle (called The Frankenstein Place) in The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975). During filming, actress Susan Sarandon who played Janet Weiss came down with pneumonia because both Oakley Court and Bray Studios had no heat or bathrooms and also because at the time Oakley court was in horrible condition.
On many web resources it is erroneously credited as being St Trinian's School in the original St Trinian's film series, but a comparison between the films and the actual building show a quite different architecture and overall design. Historical notes available from the hotel, however, indicate that some parts of the St Trinian films were filmed in the grounds,  especially The Wildcats of St Trinian's (1980).
- Historic England. "Oakley Court Hotel (Grade II*) (1117481)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
- "The top houses from the movies". Daily Telegraph.
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- Ward, Henrietta “Memories of Ninety Years”. Online reference
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- Lincolnshire Echo - Wednesday 10 January 1894, p. 2.
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- Whitaker's peerage, baronetage, knightage, and companionage. Online reference
- Anita McConnell, Avery, Thomas (1813–1894), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, May 2005
- The Times (London, England), Tuesday, Jan 21, 1902; pg. 1
- County Families of the United Kingdom, 1919. Online reference
- Kinsey, Wayne (2002). Hammer Films: The Bray Studio Years, p. 16.
- "RBH: History of Oakley Court, Berkshire". Retrieved 12 February 2017.