Oaklyn, New Jersey
|Oaklyn, New Jersey|
|Borough of Oaklyn|
|Motto: Catch the Hometown Spirit|
Oaklyn highlighted in Camden County
Census Bureau map of Oaklyn, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 13, 1905|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Robert Forbes (D, term ends December 31, 2019)|
|• Administrator / Clerk||Bonnie Taft|
|• Total||0.694 sq mi (1.796 km2)|
|• Land||0.628 sq mi (1.626 km2)|
|• Water||0.066 sq mi (0.170 km2) 9.48%|
|Area rank||532nd of 566 in state
30th of 37 in county
|Elevation||26 ft (8 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||3,992|
|• Rank||411th of 566 in state
26th of 37 in county
|• Density||6,432.9/sq mi (2,483.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||74th of 566 in state
5th of 37 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0885331|
Oaklyn is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,038, reflecting a decline of 150 (-3.6%) from the 4,188 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 242 (-5.5%) from the 4,430 counted in the 1990 Census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Notable people
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Oaklyn was once dense forest land which was inhabited by Lenape Native Americans. In 1681, a group of Quakers seeking religious freedom sailed from Ireland to Fenwick's Colony at Salem, New Jersey where they spent the winter. In 1682, they sailed up the Delaware River and settled on Newton Creek. William Bates, their leader, purchased 250 acres (1.0 km2) on the south side of Newton Creek from the local Native Americans. The original Quaker settlement, known as Newton Colony, was located in The Manor section of today's Oaklyn.
The Colony began to grow rapidly and the land was cleared for farming. Eventually two highways were laid out. One, from the Delaware River to Egg Harbor, followed an old Native American trail, which is today the Black Horse Pike. The other was known as the Long-a-coming trail, which extended from Atlantic City to Berlin and then from Berlin to Camden. This trail is now known as the White Horse Pike.
After the American Revolutionary War, a group of Virginia sportsmen built a racetrack on the east side of the White Horse Pike. President Ulysses S. Grant visited this track as a young man before it closed in 1846. Samuel Bettle bought the land which was formerly the racetrack and eventually, the land was deeded to Haddon Township.
As the years passed, the farms along Newton Creek were divided into lots and the development called "Oakland the Beautiful", for the many trees in the area. The name was changed to Oaklyn in 1894 to avoid confusion with another Oakland in North Jersey.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.694 square miles (1.796 km2), including 0.628 square miles (1.626 km2) of land and 0.066 square miles (0.170 km2) of water (9.48%).
|Population sources: 1910-2000
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,038 people, 1,725 households, and 1,007 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,432.9 per square mile (2,483.8/km2). There were 1,847 housing units at an average density of 2,942.4 per square mile (1,136.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 92.40% (3,731) White, 2.48% (100) Black or African American, 0.22% (9) Native American, 1.81% (73) Asian, 0.02% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.49% (60) from other races, and 1.58% (64) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.37% (217) of the population.
There were 1,725 households, of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the borough, 20.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.4 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $55,690 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,370) and the median family income was $86,019 (+/- $13,045). Males had a median income of $52,963 (+/- $6,041) versus $44,653 (+/- $12,251) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,168 (+/- $2,965). About 1.6% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census of 2000, there were 4,188 people, 1,791 households, and 1,067 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,824.2 people per square mile (2,650.8/km2). There were 1,893 housing units at an average density of 3,084.6 per square mile (1,198.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.92% White, 1.15% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.
There were 1,791 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the borough the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $44,364, and the median income for a family was $55,434. Males had a median income of $37,474 versus $30,243 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,157. About 5.2% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
Oaklyn is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by Oaklyn, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2016[update], Oaklyn's Mayor is Democrat Robert Forbes, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Oaklyn Borough Council are Council President Jim Rafferty (D, 2016), Greg Brandley (D, 2018), Gerry Davidson (D, 2016), Mike Enos (D, 2018), Chuck Lehman (D, 2017) and Dorothy A. "Dot" Valianti (2017).
The Oaklyn Fire Department (Station 18-3) is responsible for fire protection in the Borough of Oaklyn and until December 2007 was responsible for Haddon Township Fire District 3, which paid the Borough of Oaklyn for fire protection through tax money it collected from its residents. Fire District 3 covers the Bettlewood, Heather Glen, and Heather Woods sections of Haddon Township. This was a long-standing agreement that existed since 1905. From 1902 when the Oaklyn fire service was established until 1905, Oaklyn and the Bettlewood section were both in Haddon Twp. Subsequently the Oaklyn Fire Company No. 1 of the Oaklyn section of Haddon Township provided fire protection to the whole area, as it was and still is a continuous land mass. When Oaklyn seceded from the Township in 1905 there was an agreement made between Oaklyn Borough and Haddon Township that Oaklyn would still protect the District 3 section since they were much closer and the fire apparatus was horse drawn at the time. This relationship continued for another 102 years until January 2008. Currently, Fire District 3 is protected by Westmont Fire Co. # 1 pursuant to three consecutive one-year agreements.
The Oaklyn Fire Company No. 1 (Station 18-1) was established in 1902 (predating the borough's establishment) and was located on Newton Avenue near the Suburban Lumber Company, which ironically has been the site of several famous Camden County fires occurring in the 1950s, 1980s, and 1990s. The Oaklyn Fire Co. building still stands today as a private residence. The company was formed by Oaklyn residents who had been volunteering their services at the nearby Defender Fire Company (Station 1-2), which was located in the community of Orston (then another section of Haddon Township, now part of Audubon borough). Until the formation of the Oaklyn Fire Company, the Defender Fire Company handled firefighting duties in the Borough of Oaklyn (The Defender Fire Company was subsequently taken over by the Audubon Fire Department (Station 1-1) as of 1996).
The Welcome Fire Company (Station 18-2) was established in 1906 and was located at the corner of the White Horse Pike and West Clinton Avenue. Today, the building houses the Oaklyn Police Department and Borough Hall and stands next to the current fire station. The Welcome Fire Company was established when residents who wished to volunteer with the Oaklyn Fire Company found they had filled their roster and were not "welcoming" any new members, hence their name.
The current incarnation of the Oaklyn Fire Department was established in 1976 when Oaklyn Fire Company No. 1 and the Welcome Fire Company consolidated their services. David Aron was the first Chief following the merger, previously serving as Chief of the Welcome Fire Company. The current Fire Chief is Scott Cairns.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 6th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by James Beach (D, Voorhees Township) and in the General Assembly by Louis Greenwald (D, Voorhees Township) and Pamela Rosen Lampitt (D, Cherry Hill). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members chosen at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. As of 2015[update], Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2017; term as director ends 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Edward T. McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, term as freeholder ends 2016; term as deputy director ends 2015), Michelle Gentek (Gloucester Township, 2015), Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2015), Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2015), Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2016) and Jonathan L. Young, Sr. (Berlin Township, November 2015; serving the unexpired term of Scot McCray ending in 2017)
Camden County's constitutional officers, all elected directly by voters, are County clerk Joseph Ripa, Sheriff Charles H. Billingham, and Surrogate Patricia Egan Jones. The Camden County Prosecutor Mary Eva Colalillo was appointed by the Governor of New Jersey with the advice and consent of the New Jersey Senate (the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,835 registered voters in Oaklyn, of which 1,165 (41.1%) were registered as Democrats, 417 (14.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,249 (44.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 61.8% of the vote (1,200 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 36.3% (704 votes), and other candidates with 2.0% (38 votes), among the 1,954 ballots cast by the borough's 2,965 registered voters (12 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 65.9%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 60.2% of the vote (1,311 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received around 37.0% (806 votes), with 2,176 ballots cast among the borough's 2,799 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.7%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 57.8% of the vote (1,229 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 41.1% (874 votes), with 2,125 ballots cast among the borough's 2,752 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 77.2.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.8% of the vote (631 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 40.3% (447 votes), and other candidates with 2.9% (32 votes), among the 1,146 ballots cast by the borough's 3,023 registered voters (36 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.9%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 45.6% of the vote (616 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 43.6% (589 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.7% (90 votes), with 1,351 ballots cast among the borough's 2,810 registered voters, yielding a 48.1% turnout.
Oaklyn Public School District serves students in Kindergarten through ninth grade at Oaklyn Public School. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 439 students and 42.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.33:1. Oaklyn Public School also serves students from the Borough of Hi-Nella, who attend as part of a sending/receiving relationship.
Public school students from Oaklyn in tenth through twelfth grades attend Collingswood High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Collingswood Public Schools. The relationship between Collingswood and Oaklyn has been in place for over 40 years.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 11.92 miles (19.18 km) of roadways, of which 7.69 miles (12.38 km) were maintained by the borough, 3.57 miles (5.75 km) by Camden County and 0.66 miles (1.06 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Oaklyn include:
- Mitch Albom (born 1958), author, journalist, screenwriter, playwright, radio and television broadcaster and musician.
- William Bates (died 1700), the borough's first English settler.
- Tom Deery (born 1960), inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.
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- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Oaklyn borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 11, 2012.
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- Look Up a ZIP Code for Oaklyn, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 22, 2011.
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- Clement, John (1877). Sketches of the first emigrant settlers of Newton Township. pp. 53-54
- Tulini, Bob. "Oaklyn: Small town reflects American image", Courier-Post, October 18, 2006. Accessed November 22, 2011.
- Margulis, Marilyn. "A Close-knit Community With A Sense Of Its History Its Two Creeks Give Oaklyn A Feeling Of Security - And A Place To Fish.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 3, 1996. Accessed September 12, 2015. "In the 1890s, land adjoining the track became the site of a new development known as 'Oakland the beautiful' for its many trees. The development, by then part of Haddon Township, was renamed Oaklyn in 1894 because a town in North Jersey had already claimed the Oakland name."
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- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Oaklyn borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Oaklyn borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Oaklyn borough, Camden County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 11, 2012.
- Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
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- Freeholder Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
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- Freeholder Michelle Gentek, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Freeholder Ian K. Leonard, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Freeholder Jeffrey L. Nash, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Freeholder Carmen Rodriguez, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Jonathan L. Young, Sr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
- Daniels, Mark. "Carpenters union official tapped for Camden County Freeholder seat", South Jersey Times, January 22, 2015. Accessed May 12, 2015. "Democratic leaders in Camden County have nominated a construction union official from Berlin Township to fill an open seat on the board of chosen freeholders. Jonathan L. Young Sr., 45, has been nominated to replace Scot McCray, who resigned from the board in late December, citing a desire to spend more time with his family."
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- District information for Oaklyn School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 20, 2014.
- Oaklyn Public School 2014 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 27, 2016. "In the middle of the Borough of Oaklyn, a town of about 4,000 residents, sits the Oaklyn Public School. Today, this historic school building that was constructed in 1926 serves 409 students in pre-kindergarten through ninth grade. In addition to resident students, children residing in the Borough of Hi-Nella also attend this school."
- Collingswood High School, South Jersey magazine. Accessed November 18, 2007. "Collingswood High School serves about 850 students in grades nine through twelve from the Collingswood, Oaklyn, and Woodlynne school districts"
- Giordano, Rita. "N.J. puts pressure on schools to share Collingswood, Oaklyn, and Woodlynne are just three districts being pushed to combine services - or more.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 11, 2009. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Collingswood, Oaklyn, and Woodlynne, she said, are reasonable candidates for administrative sharing. Oaklyn Superintendent Tommy Stringer is due to retire in December, and Woodlynne has an interim superintendent, Walter Rudder. Collingswood Superintendent Scott Oswald is established and well-regarded. Oaklyn and Woodlynne students attend Collingswood High School."
- Camden County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed October 29, 2013.
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- Mulford, Kim. "A matter of faith: Mitch Albom's latest book has deep roots in Cherry Hill", Courier-Post, September 28, 2009. Accessed January 27, 2012. "After graduating from a private academy at age 16, Albom left his hometown of Oaklyn for good."
- Lang, Carole Ann (October 16, 1975). "William Bates, a builder of freedom". Weekly Retrospect.
- Tom Deery, College Football Hall of Fame. Accessed February 8, 2011.