Oaks Amusement Park
Entrance to Oaks Park (remodeled in 2001)
|Location||7805 SE Oaks Park Way|
Portland, Oregon, U.S.
|Owner||Oaks Park Association|
|Opened||May 30, 1905|
|Operating season||Spring weekends and daily during summer (rides)|
Oaks Park is a small amusement park located 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south of downtown Portland, Oregon, United States, near the Sellwood Bridge. Known as the "Coney Island of the Northwest" after its opening in May 1905, it is one of the oldest operating amusement parks in the country, and one of only thirteen trolley parks still open.
The 44-acre (18 ha) park includes midway games, about two dozen rides that operate seasonally, a skating rink that is open all-year, and picnic grounds. It is also home to the Herschell–Spillman Noah's Ark Carousel, a historic wooden carousel constructed in 1912.
The park, conceived as an attraction timed to accompany the 1905 Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, was built by the Oregon Water Power and Railway Company and opened on May 30, 1905, during a period when trolley parks were often constructed along streetcar lines. It attracted 300,000 visitors during its first season, and continued to attract about that many patrons throughout its first decade of existence.[n 1]
In the early 1920s, the park was sold to John Cordray, one of its managers. After Cordray died in 1925, Edward Bollinger, Oaks Park's superintendent, bought all but the land from Cordray's widow; Bollinger acquired the land in 1943. Some of the park's earliest rides included Chute the Chutes, a chute ride that whisked the riders down a steep incline plunging into a small man-made lake; the Barrel of Fun, a funhouse which included screaming skeletons, mazes of mirrors, and dark dead-end hallways; and the Mystic River Ride, a boat ride that traveled through darkened tunnels. The park also featured a floating bathhouse anchored along the river at the south end of the park, as well as a dance pavilion, which attracted famous acts from around the world, including the Boston Symphony Orchestra, the John Philip Sousa Marching Band, and Patrick Conway and his World Famous Band.
In 1948, the Vanport flood submerged Oaks Park for thirty days, killing a third of the bluff's oak trees, warping most of the rides, and resulting in damage to the rink that took five months to repair; the next year, Bollinger's son Robert took over after his father's death. The damage prompted the owners to rebuild the rink floor on airtight iron barrels, which would float in the event of another flood; the floats worked as planned during the area's Christmas flood of 1964 and the Willamette Valley Flood of 1996.
For many years, three steam locomotives were kept at the park, on static display. These included Southern Pacific 4449, from 1958 to 1974; Spokane, Portland and Seattle 700, from 1958 to 1986; and Oregon Railroad & Navigation Co. 197, from 1958 to 1996. Although no longer at Oaks Park, the three locomotives all remain in Portland, and since 2012 they are residing at the Oregon Rail Heritage Center.[n 2] Two years after the Jantzen Beach Amusement Park closed in 1970, the Oregon Journal reported Oaks Park "may be on the verge of a renaissance"; three years later Sellwood's local newspaper, The Bee, reported "30,000 people a month still come during the summer."
Park rides and midway games are open weekends during spring and daily during summer. Rides include the following:
- 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge C.P. Huntington train (new as of 2013)
- Disk'O (added in 2007, manufactured by Zamperla)
- Zero Gravity
- Adrenaline Peak, a Gerstlauer Euro-Fighter roller coaster
- Screamin' Eagle (a KMG Fireball)
- The Spider (Eyerly Spider)
- Big Pink (a giant slide, now has 3 colors: pink, yellow and blue)
- Herschell–Spillman Noah's Ark Carousel
- Rock 'N' Roll (a rock 'n' roll themed Matterhorn, with cars shaped like '57 Chevys, similar to the Alpine Bobs)
- Ferris Wheel (manufactured by Eli Bridge Co.) New electric drive system fitted 2014
North End (Acorn Acres)
- Cosmic Crash Bumper Cars
- Up Up and Away (manufactured by Zamperla)
- Chipper's Choppers (kiddie motorcycles, new for 2014)
- Toon Cars (kiddie cars)
- Zoom (kiddie coaster manufactured by E&F Miler Industries)
- Sky Fighters
- Frog Hopper
- Rockin' Tug (manufactured by Zamperla)
- Adventure Miniature Golf (new for 2011)
- Tree Top Drop (new for 2016)
Roller skating rink
The park includes a 100 by 200 feet (30 m × 61 m) wooden roller skating rink, open year-round. The rink has had a pipe organ for most of its history; since 1955 it has been a Wurlitzer model with four manuals, moved to the rink from its previous home at Portland's Broadway Theatre, where it had been installed in 1926. All pipework for the organ is mounted on a platform hanging over the skate floor.
- The Zip, one of Harry Traver's famous Giant Cyclone Safety Coasters, operated at Oaks Park from 1927 to 1934.
- Looping Thunder (steel looping roller coaster manufactured by Pinfari). It is the only looping roller coaster in Oregon. Looping Thunder closed in late September of 2017 to make way for a new Gerstlauer Euro-Fighter Roller coaster.
- The Haunted Mine, a dark spook-house ride, replaced in 2003 by 'Lewis and Clark: The Big Adventure', which closed in 2013.
- This streetcar / trolley park had to be sold in 1925 due to change in laws preventing utility companies from owning entities not connected with their major product. In this case, the streetcar / trolley park was built to increase ridership of the Oregon City, Bellrose and Estacada trolley lines. John Cordray purchased "The Oaks Resort" operating company (not the land) early in 1925 shortly before he died. Edward Bollinger purchased it from Cordray's widow. Via a gentlemen's agreement, Edward and Robert Bollinger purchased the land in 1943; however, only Edward's name was on the transaction. Edward amended his Will to honor their "gentleman's agreement" with his son. This Will was not honored as Edward re-married without updating it. Robert purchased the portion that was awarded to Edward's widow. The last payment was made in 1951.
- The fourth locomotive stored with these three was the No. 418 Finnish War Hero steam locomotive, from cira 1957 to 1980.
- Dana Beck (December 20, 2012). "Oaks Amusement Park, and its beginnings". Portland Tribune. Pamplin Media Group. Retrieved 2014-09-15.
- Bryan Aalberg (Summer 2003). "Oregon Places: Oaks Amusement Park". Oregon Historical Quarterly. 104 (2). Archived from the original on 2008-06-17.
- "Rides and Attractions at Oaks Park". Oakspark.com. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
- "Oaks Park Roller Rink, Portland Oregon". PSTOS. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
- "WurliTzer Opus 1380". Theatreorgans.com. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
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