Oatlands Plantation

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Oatlands Historic District
Oatlands Historic District, Main House, (Loudoun County, Virginia).jpg
1973 Photograph of Main House of Oatlands Historic District
Oatlands Plantation is located in Northern Virginia
Oatlands Plantation
Oatlands Plantation is located in Virginia
Oatlands Plantation
Oatlands Plantation is located in the US
Oatlands Plantation
Location Loudoun County, Virginia
Nearest city Leesburg, Virginia
Coordinates 39°2′27″N 77°37′02″W / 39.04083°N 77.61722°W / 39.04083; -77.61722Coordinates: 39°2′27″N 77°37′02″W / 39.04083°N 77.61722°W / 39.04083; -77.61722
Area 415 acres (168 ha) (landmarked area)
Built ca. 1804
Architect George Carter (original)
Architectural style Federal
NRHP Reference # 69000255 (original)
74002327 (expansion to district)[1]
VLR # 053-0093
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 12, 1969 (original)
May 3, 1974 (expansion to district)[1]
Designated NHL November 11, 1971[3]
Designated VLR September 9, 1969[2]

Oatlands Plantation is an estate located in Leesburg, Virginia. Oatlands is operated by the National Trust for Historic Preservation and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic Landmark. The Oatlands property is composed of the main mansion and 415 acres (168.0 ha) of farmland and gardens. The house is judged one of the finest Federal period country estate houses in the nation.[4]

On the property, in addition to the Mansion, are a number of outbuildings, including the Carriage House, Bachelor's Cottage, several barns and farm buildings, and a greenhouse, built in 1810, said to be the oldest standing greenhouse in the South.[5]

History[edit]

Oatlands Plantation in 2007

Oatlands Plantation was established by George Carter, a great grandson of Robert "King" Carter, in 1798 on 3,408 acres (1,980 ha) of farmland. It started as a wheat farm, but expanded to include other grains, sheep, a gristmill and a saw mill, and a vineyard. In 1804, Carter began construction of a Federal mansion, which he expanded in the 1820s and 1830s. He also built a terraced garden and numerous outbuildings.

The success of Carter's plantation and business ventures depended on slave labor. Seventeen enslaved people worked the property when Carter began farming. By purchase and natural increase, the number of slaves had risen to 133 at the time of the 1860 census. Their work included planting and harvesting the fields; caring for farm animals; domestic employment such as cooking, cleaning, caring for children, and sewing; and probably trades such as blacksmithing and milling.[6]

George Carter's widow, Elizabeth Grayson Lewis Carter, inherited the property after her husband's death in 1846. In 1861, fearing that a battle between Union and Confederate forces was imminent nearby, Elizabeth Carter fled to another of her properties, Bellefield. The Carters' eldest son, George Carter II, reopened the mansion with his wife, Katherine Powell Carter, in 1863 and inherited the property when his mother died in 1887.

In 1897 the Carter family sold the mansion with 60 acres (24.3 ha) for $10,000 to Stilson Hutchins, founder of the Washington Post newspaper, who never lived on the property.

Hutchins sold Oatlands in 1903 to William Corcoran Eustis and Edith Livingston Morton Eustis. Mrs. Eustis restored the gardens from neglect, adding boxwood-lined parterres to the terraces, statuary, a rose garden, a bowling green, and a reflecting pool. Today her plantings include mature specimens of Buxus sempervirens `Arborescens’ and `Suffruticosa’, Larix decidua, and Quercus robur. The house was also upgraded with modern amenities including indoor plumbing, heating and gas lighting, along with pine floors placed over the original Carter flooring, an elevator, and a custom first floor bathroom for childhood friend, Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Due to their prominent political stance in Washington, D.C., the Eustis' had many famous friends including General George C. Marshall, Henry Cabot Lodge, President Harry S. Truman and Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt.

After Mrs. Eustis' death in 1964, her daughters, Margaret and Anne, donated the mansion, furnishings, and estate grounds to Margaret's husband, David E. Finley, founder of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1971.[3][4] In 1974 a series of scenic easements around the National Historic Landmark area were designated the Oatlands Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places.[1] The district includes Oatland Mills, the Mountain Gap School, and the Church of Our Savior.[7]

Visiting[edit]

Oatlands is open for visitation March 30 through December 30 seven days a week of each year. An admission fee is charged.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Oatlands". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  4. ^ a b Staff, Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission, James W. Moody, Jr., Director (August 21, 1969). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Oatlands" (pdf). National Park Service. 
  5. ^ Washington Post, August 7, 1997.
  6. ^ Oatlands Historic House and Gardens (2015). Slavery. Retrieved from http://www.oatlands.org/slavery/
  7. ^ Wilkens, Woodrow; Slade, Thomas M. (November 6, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Oatlands Historic District" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 

External links[edit]