The Obama–Medvedev Commission, officially known as the U.S.–Russia Bilateral Presidential Commission, was announced on July 6, 2009 by President of the United States Barack Obama and President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev during President Obama's visit to Moscow, as a way to improve communication and cooperation between the governments of Russia and the United States. The two Presidents announced that the work of the Commission would be coordinated by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
Since the rapid deterioration of relations between Russia and the United States since 2012, the commission has largely curtailed its activities and is essentially defunct/
Purpose of the Commission
According to the Mission Statement of the Commission, agreed between the two sides in October 2009, the purpose of the Commission is "identifying areas of cooperation and pursuing joint projects and actions that strengthen strategic stability, international security, economic well-being, and the development of ties between the Russian and American people....the foundation for the work of the commission is based on the core principles of friendship, cooperation, openness, and predictability, and we are resolved to address disagreements openly and honestly in a spirit of mutual respect and acknowledgement of each other's perspective.".
Composition of the Commission
Presidents Obama and Medvedev agreed that the Commission would have thirteen working groups. In October 2009, during the visit to Moscow of Secretary of State Clinton, three additional working groups were added; on Counterterrorism, Environment, and Military to Military. In addition, Sports was added as a sub-group of the Working Group on Education and Cultural Exchanges, and a Policy Steering Group was created, headed by Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov and U.S. Undersecretary of State William Burns. The working groups are:
- Policy Steering Group: chaired by Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov and Undersecretary of State William Burns.
- Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security: chaired by Sergei Kiriyenko, head of Rosatom, and Daniel Poneman, Deputy Secretary of Energy.
- Arms Control and International Security: chaired by Sergei Ryabkov, Russian Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Ellen Tauscher, Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs.
- Drug Trafficking: chaired by Viktor Ivanov, Director, Russian Federal Drug Enforcement Service, and Gil Kerlikowske, Director, Office of National Drug Control Policy.
- Business Development and Economic Relations: chaired by Elvira Nabiullina, Minister of Economic Development, and Gary Locke, United States Secretary of Commerce.
- Energy and Environment: chaired by Sergei Shmatko, Minister of Energy, and Steven Chu, United States Secretary of Energy.
- Agriculture: chaired by Yelena Skrynnik, Minister of Agriculture, and Tom Vilsack, United States Secretary of Agriculture.
- Science and Technologies: chaired by Andrei Fursenko, Minister of Education and Science, and John Holdren, Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy.
- Space Cooperation: chaired by Anatoliy Perminov, head of the Russian Federal Space Agency, and the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
- Health: Chaired by Tatyana Golikova, Minister of Health, and Kathleen Sebelius, United States Secretary of Health and Human Services.
- Cooperation in Prevention and Handling of Emergency Situations: Chaired by Sergey Shoygu, head of the Emergency Situations Ministry, and Craig Fugate, Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency
- Civil Society: chaired by Vladislav Surkov, First Deputy Chief of Staff, Presidential Administration, and Michael McFaul, Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Russia, National Security Council.
- Educational and Cultural Exchanges: chaired by Mikhail Shvydkoy, Special Presidential Representative for International Cultural Cooperation, and Judith McHale, Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs.
- Military to Military
- Intelligence: (Fradkov - Petraeus)
- Defence Relations: (Serdukov - Panetta )
- Rule of Law
- White House Press Statement, July 6, 2009
- U.S. Embassy Moscow Press Office, October 2009
- Rojansky, Matther; Izabella Tabarovsky (8 June 2013). "The Latent Power of Health Cooperation in U.S.-Russian Relations". Science & Diplomacy. 2 (2).
- U.S. Embassy Moscow Press Office, October, 2009