Obata Domain (小幡藩 Obata-han?) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in Kōzuke Province (modern-day Gunma Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Obata jin'ya in what is now part of the town of Kanra, Gunma. Obata was ruled through part of its history by the Oda clan, descendents of Oda Nobunaga.
Obata Domain was originally created in 1590 as a 30,000 koku holding for Okudaira Nobumasa, a son-in-law of Tokugawa Ieyasu. After the Battle of Sekigahara in 1601, he was promoted to the 100,000 koku holding of Kanō in Mino province and Obata was reduced to 10,000 koku and given to Mizuno Tadakiyo, a son of Mizuno Tadashige. For his efforts at the Siege of Osaka, he was transferred to the 20,000 koku Kariya Domain in Mikawa Province in 1615. Nagai Naokatsu, another of Ieyasu’s generals noted for his actions ay the Siege of Osaka then briefly ruled from 1616-1617. In 1617, the domain was awarded to Oda Nobuyoshi, the grandson of Oda Nobunaga, and fourth son of Oda Nobukatsu, daimyo of Uda-Matsuyama Domain in Yamato Province. The Oda clan continued to rule Obata over the next seven generations until 1764, when they were transferred to Takahata Domain in Dewa Province. Obata was then awarded to the Okudaira-branch of the Matsudaira clan, who ruled until the end of the Edo period.
During the Bakumatsu period, the last daimyo, Matsudaira Tadayuki had served as Sōshaban and as Jisha-bugyō, positions which gave him insight into the weakness of the shogunate. Although he donated 500 ryō to support the shogunal military forces, he also made contact with the pro-imperial forces and many of his close advisers were from the radical Mito Domain. He also took steps to modernize his military, even to the extent of selling his prized heirloom Japanese sword to purchase modern rifles. He was quick to join the imperial side in the Boshin War.
After the end of the conflict, with the abolition of the han system in July 1871, Obata Domain became “Obata Prefecture”, which later became part of Gunma Prefecture.
Holdings at the end of the Edo period
Unlike most domains in the han system, which consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields, Obata was a relatively compact territory.
- Kōzuke Province
- 1 village in Usui District
- 34 villages in Kanra District
- 3 villages in Tago District
List of daimyō
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka|
|Okudaira clan (Fudai) 1590-1601|
|1||Okudaira Nobumasa (奥平 信昌?)||1590–1601||Mimasaka-no-kami (美作守)||Lower 5th (従五 位下)||30,000 koku|
|Mizuno clan (fudai) 1602-1615|
|1||Mizuno Tadakiyo (水野 忠清?)||1602–1615||Hayato-no-kami (隼人正)||Lower 5th (従五 位下)||10,000 koku|
|Nagai clan (fudai) 1616-1617|
|1||永井 直勝}}||1616–1617||Ukon-taifu (右近大夫)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||17,000 koku|
|Oda clan (tozama) 1617-1767|
|1||Oda Nobuyoshi (織田信良?)||1617–1626||Sakone-no-shōshō (左少将)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||20,000 koku|
|2||Oda Nobumasa (織田信昌?)||1626–1650||Hyōbu-taifu (兵部大輔)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||20,000 koku|
|3||Oda Nobuhisa (織田信久?)||1650–1714||Echizen-no-kami (越前守); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||20,000 koku|
|4||Oda Nobunari (織田信就?)||1714–1731||Mino-no-kami (美濃守)||Lower 4th (従四位下); Jijū (侍従)||20,000 koku|
|5||Oda Nobusuke (織田信右?)||1731–1759||Hyōbu-taifu (兵部大輔)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||20,000 koku|
|6||Oda Nobutomi (織田信富?)||1759–1764||Izumi-no-kami (和泉守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|7||Oda Nobukuni (織田信邦?)||1764–1767||Mino-no-kami (美濃守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|Okudaira-Matsudaira clan (fudai) 1767-1872|
|1||Matsudaira Tadatsune (松平忠恒?)||1767–1768||Kunai-shōyū (宮内少輔)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|2||Matsudaira Tadayoshi (松平忠福?)||1768–1799||Uneme-no-kami (采女正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|3||Matsudaira Tadashige (松平忠恵?)||1799–1856||Kunai-shōyū (宮内少輔)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
|4||Matsudaira Tadayuki (松平忠恕?)||1856–1871||Settsu-no-kami (摂津守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||20,000 koku|
- Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.
- (Japanese) Obata on "Edo 300 HTML"
- Edo daimyo.net (Japanese)
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.